Help:英語國際音標

維基百科中的英語單字發音是以國際音標(IPA)標準化標示,並不特定對應任一種方言。欲將國際音標符號與其他非國際音標的美國字典常用拼音相比較,請參閱英語發音再拼法,其明列了在美出版的十四種英語字典之發音導讀。如果欲在條目中加入其他再拼法發音,請遵循維基百科發音再拼法符號之相關規定!

符號

IPAicon.png

(以小型大寫字母 small capitals 標示的單字屬於詞群。單字 bathcloth 各具有兩種讀音,分別為

/ɑː/

/æ/,以及

/ɒ/

/ɔː/

輔音/子音
IPA 範例
b buy, cab
d dye, cad
ð thy, breathe, father
giant, badge, jam
f phi, caff, fan
ɡ (ɡ)[1] guy, bag
h high, ahead
j yes, yacht
k sky, crack
l lie, sly, gal
m my, smile, cam
n nigh, snide, can
ŋ sang, sink, singer
ŋɡ finger, anger
θ thigh, math
p pie, spy, cap
r rye, try, very[2]
s sigh, mass
ʃ shy, cash, emotion
t tie, sty, cat, atom
China, catch
v vie, have
w wye, swine
hw why[3]
z zoo, has
ʒ pleasure, vision, beige[4]
邊輔音
x ugh, loch, Chanukah[5]
ʔ uh-oh /ˈʌʔoʊ/
元音/母音
IPA 完全元音 ……後面接 R[6][7]
ɑː palm, baht, father, bra ɑr start, bard, barn, snarl, star/ɑːr./ 亦可)
ɒ lot, pod, John, doll[8] ɒr moral, forage
æ trap, pad, shall, ban ær barrow, marry
price, ride, file, fine, pie[9] aɪər fire (/aɪr./)[7]
mouth, loud, foul, down, how aʊər hour (/aʊr./)[7]
ɛ dress, bed, fell, men[10] ɛr error, merry[11]
face, made, fail, vein, pay ɛər square, scared, scarce, cairn, Mary (/eɪr./)[12][7]
ɪ kit, lid, fill, bin ɪr mirror, Sirius
fleece, seed, feel, mean, sea ɪər near, beard, fierce, serious (/iːr./)
ɔː thought, Maud, dawn, fall, straw[13] ɔr north, born, for, aural (/ɔːr./)
ɔɪ choice, void, foil, coin, boy ɔɪər loir, coir (/ɔɪr./)[7]
goat, code, foal, bone, go[14] ɔər force, boar, more, oral (/oʊr./)[15]
ʊ foot, good, full, woman ʊr courier
goose, food, fool, soon, chew ʊər boor, moor, tourist (/uːr./)[16]
juː cued, cute, mule, tune, queue[17] jʊər cure
ʌ strut, mud, dull, gun[18] ʌr borough, hurry
ɜr nurse, word, girl, fern, furry (/ɝː/)[19]
弱化元音
ə Rosa’s, a mission, comma ər letter, perform(/ɚ/ 亦可)[19]
ɨ roses, emission[20] ɪə ən button
ɵ omission[21] ə əm rhythm
ʉ beautiful, curriculum ([jʉ])[22] ʊə əl bottle
i happy, serious[23] ɪ ᵊ, ⁱ (元音經常弱化:nasturtium)
 
重音 音節劃分
IPA 範例 IPA 範例
ˈ intonation /ˌɪntɵˈneɪʃən/,[24]
battleship /ˈbætəlʃɪp/[25]
. shellfish /ˈʃɛl.fɪʃ/, selfish /ˈsɛlf.ɨʃ/
nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/
hire /ˈhaɪər/, higher /ˈhaɪ.ər/
moai /ˈmoʊ.aɪ/, Windhoek /ˈvɪnt.hʊk/
Vancouveria /væn.kuːˈvɪəriə/[26]
ˌ
其他语言
ગુજરાતી: મદદ:IPA for English
မြန်မာဘာသာ: Wikipedia:IPA for English
Simple English: Help:Pronunciation
Bân-lâm-gú: Pang-chān:IPA/Eng-gí