Phêng-sò͘

Phêng-sò͘,  5B
Boron R105.jpg
boron (β-rhombohedral)[1]
Ki-pún sèng-chit
Miâ, hû-hōPhêng-sò͘, B
Eng-bûnboron
Phian-miâpâng-sò͘
Tông-sò͘-théα-, β-rhombohedral, β-tetragonal (and more)
Gōa-hêngblack-brown
Phêng-sò͘ tī chiu-kî-piáu lāi ê ūi-tì
Chúi-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Helium (hi-iú khì-thé)
Lithium (kiⁿ-kim-sio̍k)
Beryllium (kiⁿ-thó͘ kim-sio̍k)
Phêng-sò͘ (lūi-kim-sio̍k)
Thoàⁿ-sò͘ (to-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Chit-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Sng-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Hut-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Ne-óng (hi-iú khì-thé)
Natrium (kiⁿ-kim-sio̍k)
Magnesium (kiⁿ-thó͘ kim-sio̍k)
A-lú-mih (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Ke-sò͘ (lūi-kim-sio̍k)
Lîn (to-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Liû-hông (to-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Iâm-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Argon (hi-iú khì-thé)
Kalium (kiⁿ-kim-sio̍k)
Khā-lú-siúm (kiⁿ-thó͘ kim-sio̍k)
Scandium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Titanium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Vanadium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Chromium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Manganese (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Thih (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Cobalt (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Nickel (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Tâng (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
A-iân (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Gallium (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Germanium (lūi-kim-sio̍k)
Phi-sò͘ (lūi-kim-sio̍k)
Selenium (to-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Chhàu-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Krypton (hi-iú khì-thé)
Rubidium (kiⁿ-kim-sio̍k)
Strontium (kiⁿ-thó͘ kim-sio̍k)
Yttrium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Zirconium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Niobium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Molybdenum (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Technetium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Ruthenium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Rhodium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Palladium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Gîn (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Cadmium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Indium (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Siah (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Antimony (lūi-kim-sio̍k)
Tellurium (lūi-kim-sio̍k)
Ak-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Xenon (hi-iú khì-thé)
Caesium (kiⁿ-kim-sio̍k)
Barium (kiⁿ-thó͘ kim-sio̍k)
Lanthanum (lanthanum-hē)
Cerium (lanthanum-hē)
Praseodymium (lanthanum-hē)
Neodymium (lanthanum-hē)
Promethium (lanthanum-hē)
Samarium (lanthanum-hē)
Europium (lanthanum-hē)
Gadolinium (lanthanum-hē)
Terbium (lanthanum-hē)
Dysprosium (lanthanum-hē)
Holmium (lanthanum-hē)
Erbium (lanthanum-hē)
Thulium (lanthanum-hē)
Ytterbium (lanthanum-hē)
Lutetium (lanthanum-hē)
Hafnium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Tantalum (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Wolfram (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Rhenium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Osmium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Iridium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Pe̍h-kim (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Kim (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Chúi-gîn (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Thallium (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Iân (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Bismuth (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Polonium (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Astatine (lūi-kim-sio̍k)
Radon (hi-iú khì-thé)
Francium (kiⁿ-kim-sio̍k)
Radium (kiⁿ-thó͘ kim-sio̍k)
Actinium (actinium-hē)
Thorium (actinium-hē)
Protactinium (actinium-hē)
Uranium (actinium-hē)
Neptunium (actinium-hē)
Plutonium (actinium-hē)
Americium (actinium-hē)
Curium (actinium-hē)
Berkelium (actinium-hē)
Californium (actinium-hē)
Einsteinium (actinium-hē)
Fermium (actinium-hē)
Mendelevium (actinium-hē)
Nobelium (actinium-hē)
Lawrencium (actinium-hē)
Rutherfordium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Dubnium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Seaborgium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Bohrium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Hassium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Meitnerium (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)
Darmstadtium (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)
Roentgenium (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)
Copernicium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Nihonium (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)
Flerovium (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
Moscovium (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)
Livermorium (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)
Tennessine (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)
Oganesson (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)


B

Al
Phêng-sò͘thoàⁿ-sò͘
Goân-chú-hoan5
Goân-chú-liōng10.81[2] (10.806–10.821)[3]
Goân-sò͘ lūi-pia̍t  lūi-kim-sio̍k
Cho̍k, hun-khu13 cho̍k, p khu
Chiu-kîtē 2 chiu-kî
Tiān-chú pâi-lia̍t[He] 2s2 2p1
per shell2, 3
Bu̍t-lí sèng-chit
Siòngkò͘-thé
Iûⁿ-tiám2349 K ​(2076 °C, ​3769 °F)
Hut-tiám4200 K ​(3927 °C, ​7101 °F)
iông-tiám ê e̍k-thé bi̍t-tō͘2.08 g·cm−3
Iûⁿ-hoà-jia̍t50.2 
Cheng-hoat-jia̍t508 kJ·mol−1
Jia̍t-iông-liōng11.087 J·mol−1·K−1
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
tī T (K)234825622822314135454072
Goân-chú sèng-chit
Sng-hòa-sò͘3, 2, 1, −1, −5[4][5] ​(a mildly acidic oxide)
Tiān-hū-tō͘Pauling scale: 2.04
Tiān-lī-lêng1st: 800.6 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2427.1 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3659.7 kJ·mol−1
(more)
Goân-chú pòaⁿ-kèngempirical: 90 pm
Kiōng-kè pòaⁿ-kèng84±3 pm
Van der Waals pòaⁿ-kèng192 pm
Cha̍p-lio̍k
Chiⁿ-thé kò͘-chō​rhombohedral
Rhombohedral crystal structure for Phêng-sò͘
Siaⁿ-sok (sòe kùn-á)16,200 m·s−1 (at 20 °C)
Jia̍t-phòng-tiòngβ form: 5–7 µm·m−1·K−1 (at 25 °C)[6]
Jia̍t-thoân-tō-lu̍t27.4 W·m−1·K−1
Tiān-chó͘-lu̍t~106 Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Chû-sèngdiamagnetic[7]
Mohs ngē-tō͘~9.5
CAS teng-kì pian-hō7440-42-8
Le̍k-sú
Hoat-hiānJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard[8] (30 June 1808)
Siōng chá hû-lîHumphry Davy[9] (9 July 1808)
Chòe ún-tēng ê tông-ūi-sò͘
Chú bûn-chiong: Phêng-sò͘ ê tông-ūi-sò͘
isoNAhalf-lifeDMDE (MeV)DP
10B19.9(7)%10B is stable with 5 neutrons[10]
11B80.1(7)%11B is stable with 6 neutrons[10]
10B content may be as low as 19.1% and as high as 20.3% in natural samples. 11B is the remainder in such cases.[11]

Phêng-sò͘ (Pâng-, 硼素) sī kì-hō B (Eng-gí: boron) ê goân-sò͘, goân-chú-hoan 5, goân-chú-liōng 10.81. I ū kim-sio̍k kap hui-kim-sio̍k chi kan ê sèng-chit.

  1. Van Setten et al. 2007, pp. 2460–1
  2. Conventional Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  3. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  4. Zhang, K.Q.; Guo, B.; Braun, V.; Dulick, M.; Bernath, P.F. (1995). "Infrared Emission Spectroscopy of BF and AIF" (PDF). J. Molecular Spectroscopy. 170: 82. 1995JMoSp.170...82Z. 10.1006/jmsp.1995.1058. 
  5. Pang-bô͘:Cite article
  6. Holcombe Jr., C. E.; Smith, D. D.; Lorc, J. D.; Duerlesen, W. K.; Carpenter; D. A. (October 1973). "Physical-Chemical Properties of beta-Rhombohedral Boron". High Temp. Sci. 5 (5): 349–57. 
  7. Lide, David R. (ed.) (2000). Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF). CRC press. ISBN 0849304814. 
  8. Gay Lussac, J.L. and Thenard, L.J. (1808). "Sur la décomposition et la recomposition de l'acide boracique". Annales de chimie. 68: 169–174. 
  9. Davy H (1809). "An account of some new analytical researches on the nature of certain bodies, particularly the alkalies, phosphorus, sulphur, carbonaceous matter, and the acids hitherto undecomposed: with some general observations on chemical theory". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 99: 39–104. 10.1098/rstl.1809.0005. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions for All Elements". National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2008-09-21 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  11. Szegedi, S.; Váradi, M.; Buczkó, Cs. M.; Várnagy, M.; Sztaricskai, T. (1990). "Determination of boron in glass by neutron transmission method". Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Letters. 146 (3): 177. 10.1007/BF02165219. 
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Boor (element)
አማርኛ: ቦሮን
aragonés: Boro
العربية: بورون
asturianu: Boru
azərbaycanca: Bor
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бор (элемэнт)
български: Бор (елемент)
भोजपुरी: बोरॉन
বাংলা: বোরন
བོད་ཡིག: ཚ་ནག
brezhoneg: Bor
bosanski: Bor (element)
català: Bor
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bèng
Cebuano: Boro
کوردی: بۆرۆن
corsu: Boru
čeština: Bor (prvek)
Чӑвашла: Бор (элемент)
Cymraeg: Boron
Deutsch: Bor
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބޯރޯން
Ελληνικά: Βόριο
English: Boron
Esperanto: Boro
español: Boro
eesti: Boor
euskara: Boro
فارسی: بور
suomi: Boori
français: Bore
Nordfriisk: Boor
furlan: Bôr
Gaeilge: Bórón
Gagauz: Bor
Gàidhlig: Bòron
galego: Boro
ગુજરાતી: બોરોન
Gaelg: Boron
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Phìn
Hawaiʻi: Boron
עברית: בור (יסוד)
हिन्दी: बोरॉन
Fiji Hindi: Boron
hrvatski: Bor (element)
magyar: Bór
interlingua: Boro
Bahasa Indonesia: Boron
Ido: Borono
íslenska: Bór
italiano: Boro
日本語: ホウ素
la .lojban.: jicmrboro
Basa Jawa: Boron
ქართული: ბორი
Kabɩyɛ: Bɔrɩ
Gĩkũyũ: Boron
қазақша: Бор (элемент)
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បរ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬೊರಾನ್
한국어: 붕소
kurdî: Bor
коми: Бор
Кыргызча: Бор (элемент)
Latina: Borium
Lëtzebuergesch: Bor
Limburgs: Boor
Ligure: Boro
lumbaart: Boro
lingála: Bolo
lietuvių: Boras
latviešu: Bors
Māori: Pūtiwha
македонски: Бор (елемент)
മലയാളം: ബോറോൺ
मराठी: बोरॉन
кырык мары: Бор (элемент)
Bahasa Melayu: Boron
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘိုရွန်
Nāhuatl: Xacoiztatl
Plattdüütsch: Bor (Element)
नेपाली: बोरोन
नेपाल भाषा: बोरोन
Nederlands: Boor (element)
norsk nynorsk: Grunnstoffet bor
Novial: Bore
occitan: Bòr
Livvinkarjala: Borum
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବୋରନ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬੋਰਾਨ
पालि: बोरोन
polski: Bor
Piemontèis: Bòr
پنجابی: بورون
português: Boro
Runa Simi: Boru
română: Bor (element)
armãneashti: Boru
русский: Бор (элемент)
संस्कृतम्: बोरान
sicilianu: Boru
Scots: Boron
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bor (element)
සිංහල: බෝරෝන්
Simple English: Boron
slovenčina: Bór
slovenščina: Bor (element)
Soomaaliga: Booron
shqip: Bori
Seeltersk: Bor
Basa Sunda: Boron
svenska: Bor
Kiswahili: Boroni
தமிழ்: போரான்
తెలుగు: బోరాన్
тоҷикӣ: Бор
ไทย: โบรอน
Tagalog: Boron
Türkçe: Bor
татарча/tatarça: Бор (элемент)
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بور
українська: Бор
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bor (unsur)
vepsän kel’: Bor (himine element)
Tiếng Việt: Bo
Winaray: Boro
吴语:
хальмг: Борон
Yorùbá: Bórọ̀nù
中文:
文言:
粵語: