Nickel

Nickel
28Ni
-

Ni

Pd
nickelcopper
Ìhànsójú
lustrous, metallic, and silvery with a gold tinge
Àwọn ìdámọ́ wíwọ́pọ̀
Orúkọ, àmì-ìdámọ́, nọ́mbànickel, Ni, 28
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ̀ntitransition metal
Ẹgbẹ́, àsìkò, àdìpò10, 4, d
Ìwúwo átọ́mù58.6934(2)
Ìtòléra ẹ̀lẹ́ktrónì[Ar] 4s1 3d9
2, 8, 17, 1
Physical properties
Phasesolid
Density (near r.t.)8.908 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p.7.81 g·cm−3
Melting point1728 K, 1453 °C, 2651 °F
Boiling point3186 K, 2732 °C, 5275 °F
Heat of fusion17.48
Heat of vaporization377.5 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity26.07 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)178319502154241027413184
Atomic properties
Oxidation states4[1], 3, 2, 1 [2], -1
(mildly basic oxide)
Electronegativity1.91 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: 737.1 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1753.0 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3395 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius124 pm
Covalent radius124±4 pm
Van der Waals radius163 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic
Nickel has a face-centered cubic crystal structure
Magnetic orderingferromagnetic
Electrical resistivity(20 °C) 69.3 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity90.9 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion(25 °C) 13.4 µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod)(r.t.) 4900 m·s−1
Young's modulus200 GPa
Shear modulus76 GPa
Bulk modulus180 GPa
Poisson ratio0.31
Mohs hardness4.0
Vickers hardness638 MPa
Brinell hardness700 MPa
CAS registry number7440-02-0
Àwọn ísótòpù dídúró jùlọ
Main article: Àwọn ísótòpù nickel
isoNAhalf-lifeDMDE (MeV)DP
56Nisyn6.075 dε-56Co
γ0.158, 0.811-
58Ni68.077%58Ni is stable with 30 neutrons
59Nitrace76000 yε-59Co
60Ni26.233%60Ni is stable with 32 neutrons
61Ni1.14%61Ni is stable with 33 neutrons
62Ni3.634%62Ni is stable with 34 neutrons
63Nisyn100.1 y0.066963Cu
64Ni0.926%64Ni is stable with 36 neutrons
·
  • itokasi

Itokasi

  1. M. Carnes et al. (2009). "A Stable Tetraalkyl Complex of Nickel(IV)". Angewandte Chemie International Edition 48: 3384. 10.1002/anie.200804435. 
  2. S. Pfirrmann et al. (2009). "A Dinuclear Nickel(I) Dinitrogen Complex and its Reduction in Single-Electron Steps". Angewandte Chemie International Edition 48: 3357. 10.1002/anie.200805862. 
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Nikkel
Alemannisch: Nickel
አማርኛ: ኒኬል
aragonés: Níquel
العربية: نيكل
asturianu: Níquel
azərbaycanca: Nikel
беларуская: Нікель
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нікель
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भोजपुरी: निकेल
বাংলা: নিকেল
བོད་ཡིག: དང་གཤའ་དཀར།
brezhoneg: Nikel
bosanski: Nikl
català: Níquel
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Ελληνικά: Νικέλιο
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Kabɩyɛ: Nɩkɛlɩ
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македонски: Никел
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монгол: Никель
मराठी: निकेल
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Bahasa Melayu: Nikel
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နီကယ်
Nāhuatl: Iztāctepoztli
Plattdüütsch: Nickel (Metall)
नेपाली: निकेल
नेपाल भाषा: निकेल
Nederlands: Nikkel
norsk nynorsk: Nikkel
norsk: Nikkel
occitan: Niquèl
Livvinkarjala: Nikeli
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ନିକେଲ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਿਕਲ
पालि: निकेल
polski: Nikiel
Piemontèis: Nìchel
پنجابی: نکل
português: Níquel
Runa Simi: Nikil
română: Nichel
armãneashti: Nichelu
русский: Никель
संस्कृतम्: निकेल
sardu: Nichel
sicilianu: Nichel
Scots: Nickel
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nikl
Simple English: Nickel
slovenčina: Nikel
slovenščina: Nikelj
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தமிழ்: நிக்கல்
తెలుగు: నికెలు
тоҷикӣ: Никел
Tagalog: Nickel
Türkçe: Nikel
татарча/tatarça: Никель
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نىكېل
українська: Нікель
اردو: نکل
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nikel
vepsän kel’: Nikel'
Tiếng Việt: Niken
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吴语:
хальмг: Никелион
ייִדיש: ניקל
中文:
文言:
Bân-lâm-gú: Ni-ké-luh
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