Magnésíọ̀mù

Magnésíọ̀mù
12Mg
Be

Mg

Ca
magnésíọ̀mùalumíníọ̀mù
Ìhànsójú
shiny grey solid


Spectral lines of Magnesium
Àwọn ìdámọ́ wíwọ́pọ̀
Orúkọ, àmì-ìdámọ́, nọ́mbàmagnésíọ̀mù, Mg, 12
Ìpèlóhùn /mæɡˈnziəm/
mag-NEE-zee-əm
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ̀ntimẹ́tàlì alkalínì ilẹ̀
Ẹgbẹ́, àsìkò, àdìpò2, 3, s
Ìwúwo átọ́mù24.3050(6)
Ìtòléra ẹ̀lẹ́ktrónì[Ne] 3s2
2, 8, 2
Electron shells of magnesium (2, 8, 2)
Ìtàn
ÌwáríJoseph Black (1755)
Ìyàsọ́tọ̀ àkọ́kọ́Humphry Davy (1808)
Physical properties
Phasesolid
Density (near r.t.)1.738 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p.1.584 g·cm−3
Melting point923 K, 650 °C, 1202 °F
Boiling point1363 K, 1091 °C, 1994 °F
Heat of fusion8.48
Heat of vaporization128 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity24.869 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)70177386197111321361
Atomic properties
Oxidation states2, 1[1]
(strongly basic oxide)
Electronegativity1.31 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: 737.7 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1450.7 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 7732.7 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius160 pm
Covalent radius141±7 pm
Van der Waals radius173 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close packed
Magnésíọ̀mù has a hexagonal close packed crystal structure
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic
Electrical resistivity(20 °C) 43.9 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity156 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion(25 °C) 24.8 µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod)(r.t.) (annealed)
4940 m·s−1
Young's modulus45 GPa
Shear modulus17 GPa
Bulk modulus45 GPa
Poisson ratio0.290
Mohs hardness2.5
Brinell hardness260 MPa
CAS registry number7439-95-4
Àwọn ísótòpù dídúró jùlọ
Main article: Àwọn ísótòpù magnésíọ̀mù
isoNAhalf-lifeDMDE (MeV)DP
24Mg78.99%24Mg is stable with 12 neutrons
25Mg10.00%25Mg is stable with 13 neutrons
26Mg11.01%26Mg is stable with 14 neutrons
·

Magnésíọ̀mù (pípè /mæɡˈniːziəm/, mag-NEE-zee-əm) je apilese kemika pelu ami-idamo Mg, nomba atomu 12 ati nomba isodoksijini wiwopo +2. O je onide alkalini inu ile ati apilese pipo repete julo kejo ninu igbele Aye, ninbi to ti je bi 2% fun iposi,[2] ati ikesan ni gbogbo Agbalaaye ti a mo.[3][4]


  • itokasi

Itokasi

  1. Bernath, P. F., Black, J. H., & Brault, J. W. (1985). "The spectrum of magnesium hydride". Astrophysical Journal 298: 375. 1985ApJ...298..375B. http://bernath.uwaterloo.ca/media/24.pdf. 
  2. Àṣìṣe ìtọ́kasí: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Abundance
  3. Housecroft, Catherine E; Sharpe, Alan G. (2007). "Group 2 metals". Inorganic Chemistry (3 ed.). Harlow, England: Pearson. ISBN 9780131755536. 
  4. Ash, Russell (2005). The Top 10 of Everything 2006: The Ultimate Book of Lists. Dk Pub. ISBN http://plymouthlibrary.org/faqelements.htm. .
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Magnesium
አማርኛ: ማግኒዥየም
aragonés: Magnesio
العربية: مغنسيوم
asturianu: Magnesiu
azərbaycanca: Maqnezium
تۆرکجه: منیزیوم
беларуская: Магній
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Магн
български: Магнезий
भोजपुरी: मैग्नीशियम
བོད་ཡིག: དཀར་གཡའ།
brezhoneg: Magneziom
bosanski: Magnezij
català: Magnesi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Cebuano: Magnesyo
کوردی: مەگنیزیۆم
corsu: Magnesiu
čeština: Hořčík
kaszëbsczi: Magnez
Чӑвашла: Магни
Cymraeg: Magnesiwm
dansk: Magnesium
Deutsch: Magnesium
ދިވެހިބަސް: މެގްނީޒިއަމް
Ελληνικά: Μαγνήσιο
English: Magnesium
Esperanto: Magnezio
español: Magnesio
eesti: Magneesium
euskara: Magnesio
فارسی: منیزیم
suomi: Magnesium
føroyskt: Magnesium
français: Magnésium
Nordfriisk: Magneesium
furlan: Magnesi
Frysk: Magnesium
Gaeilge: Maignéisiam
贛語:
Gàidhlig: Magnesium
galego: Magnesio
ગુજરાતી: મેગ્નેશિયમ
Gaelg: Magnaishum
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Magnesium
Hawaiʻi: Makanekiuma
עברית: מגנזיום
हिन्दी: मैग्नीसियम
Fiji Hindi: Magnesium
hrvatski: Magnezij
Kreyòl ayisyen: Manyezyòm
magyar: Magnézium
հայերեն: Մագնեզիում
interlingua: Magnesium
Bahasa Indonesia: Magnesium
Ido: Magnezo
íslenska: Magnesín
italiano: Magnesio
la .lojban.: lidgusyjinme
Basa Jawa: Magnèsiyum
ქართული: მაგნიუმი
Kabɩyɛ: Mañɩzɩyɔm
Gĩkũyũ: Magnesium
қазақша: Магний
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ម៉ាញ៉េស្យូម
한국어: 마그네슘
kurdî: Magnezyûm
коми: Магний
Кыргызча: Магний
Latina: Magnesium
Lëtzebuergesch: Magnesium
Limburgs: Magnesium
Ligure: Magnesio
lumbaart: Magnesio
lingála: Manezu
lietuvių: Magnis
latviešu: Magnijs
мокшень: Магнезь
Māori: Konupora
македонски: Магнезиум
മലയാളം: മഗ്നീഷ്യം
монгол: Магни
кырык мары: Магний
Bahasa Melayu: Magnesium
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မဂ္ဂနီစီယမ်
Plattdüütsch: Magnesium
नेपाल भाषा: म्याग्नेजियम
Nederlands: Magnesium
norsk nynorsk: Magnesium
norsk: Magnesium
Diné bizaad: Béésh łikoní
occitan: Magnèsi
Livvinkarjala: Magnii
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੈਗਨੀਸ਼ੀਅਮ
polski: Magnez
Piemontèis: Magnesi
پنجابی: میگنیشیم
português: Magnésio
Runa Simi: Qunta q'illay
română: Magneziu
armãneashti: Magneziu
русский: Магний
संस्कृतम्: मेगनीसियम
саха тыла: Магнезиум
sicilianu: Magnesiu
Scots: Magnesium
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Magnezij
Simple English: Magnesium
slovenčina: Horčík
slovenščina: Magnezij
Soomaaliga: Magniisiyaam
shqip: Magneziumi
српски / srpski: Магнезијум
Seeltersk: Magnesium
Basa Sunda: Magnésium
svenska: Magnesium
Kiswahili: Magnesi
తెలుగు: మాగ్నీషియం
тоҷикӣ: Магний
Tagalog: Magnesyo
Türkçe: Magnezyum
татарча/tatarça: Магний
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ماگنىي
українська: Магній
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Magniy
vepsän kel’: Magnii
Tiếng Việt: Magie
Winaray: Magnesyo
吴语:
хальмг: Маңһанис
ייִדיש: מאגנעזיום
中文:
文言:
Bân-lâm-gú: Magnesium
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