Ilẹ̀ Ọbalúayé Rómù

Name:
Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR)
("The Senate and People of Rome")
[nb 1]
Ilẹ̀ Ọbalúayé Rómù
Roman Empire

27 BC–AD 476/1453
 

Vexillum with aquila and Roman state acronym

The maximum extent of Roman Empire under Trajan in AD 117
CapitalRome was the sole political capital until AD 286
There were several political centres during the Tetrarchy while Rome continued to be the nominal, cultural, and ideological capital.
Constantine re-founded and established the city of Constantinople as the new capital of the empire in 330[1].
Mediolanum (Milan) was its western counterpart during the increasingly frequent East/West divisions. The western imperial court was later relocated to Ravenna.
Language(s)Latin, Greek
ReligionPolytheism and Roman imperial cult
(to 380)

Christianity
(from 380)
GovernmentAutocracy
Emperor
 - 27 BC–AD 14Augustus
 - 378–395Theodosius I
 - 475–476 / 1449–1453Romulus Augustus / Constantine XI
LegislatureRoman Senate
Historical eraClassical antiquity
 - Battle of Actium2 September 31 BC
 - Octavian proclaimed Augustus27 BC
 - Diocletian splits imperial administration between East and West285
 - Constantine the Great establishes Constantinople as a new imperial capital330
 - Death of Theodosius the Great, followed by permanent division of the Empire into eastern and western halves395
 - Deposition of western emperor Romulus Augustus/Fall of Constantinople *AD 476/1453
Area
 - 25 BC[2][3]2,750,000 km2 (1,061,781 sq mi)
 - 50[2]4,200,000 km2 (1,621,629 sq mi)
 - 117[2]5,000,000 km2 (1,930,511 sq mi)
 - 390 [2]4,400,000 km2 (1,698,849 sq mi)
Population
 - 25 BC[2][3] est.56,800,000 
     Density20.7 /km2  (53.5 /sq mi)
 - 117[2] est.88,000,000 
     Density17.6 /km2  (45.6 /sq mi)
Currency(a) 27 BC - AD 212: 1 gold aureus (1/40 lb. of gold, devalued to 1/50 lb. by 212) = 25 silver denarii = 100 bronze sesterces = 400 copper asses.
(b) 294 - 312: 1 gold aureus solidus (1/60 lb. of gold) = 10 silver argentei = 40 bronze folles = 1,000 debased metal denarii
(c) 312 onwards: 1 gold solidus (1/72 lb.) = 24 silver siliquae = 180 bronze folles
* These events marked the end of the Western Roman Empire (286–476)[4] and of the Eastern Roman Empire (330–1453), respectively.
Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

Ilẹ̀ Ọbalúayé Rómù (Roman Empire) tabi Ile Romu ni igba eyin toloselu to sele ni Romu Atijo, to je ti ijoba oseluenikan to ni agbegbe kakiri Europe ati yipo agbegbe Mediterranean.[5] Oro yi bere si je lilo lati juwe ile ijoba Romu nigba ati leyin obaluaye ibe akoko Augustus.




Ikiyesi

footnotes
  1. Since classical and modern concepts of state do not coincide, other possibilities include Res publica Romana, Imperium Romanum or Romanorum (also in Greek: Βασιλείᾱ τῶν Ῥωμαίων - Basileíā tôn Rhōmaíōn - ["Dominion (Literally 'kingdom') of the Romans"]) and Romania. Res publica, as a term denoting the Roman "commonwealth" in general, can refer to both the Republican and the Imperial era, while Imperium Romanum (or, sometimes, Romanorum) is used to refer to the territorial extent of Roman authority. Populus Romanus, "the Roman people", is often used for the Roman state dealing with other nations. The term Romania, initially a colloquial term for the empire's territory as well as the collectivity of its inhabitants, appears in Greek and Latin sources from the fourth century onward and was eventually carried over to the Byzantine Empire. (See Wolff, R.L. "Romania: The Latin Empire of Constantinople". In: Speculum, 23 (1948), pp. 1–34 (pp. 2–3).)
citations
  1. Constantine I (306 - 337 AD) by Hans A. Pohlsander. De Imperatoribus Romanis. Written 2004-1-8. Retrieved 2007-3-20.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Taagepera, "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.". Social Science History 3 (3/4): 125. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0145-5532%281979%293%3A3%2F4%3C115%3ASADOEG%3E2.0.CO%3B2-H. 
  3. John D. Durand, Historical Estimates of World Population: An Evaluation, 1977, pp. 253–296.
  4. "Roman Empire -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  5. "Roman Empire", Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2008
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Romeinse Ryk
aragonés: Imperio Román
asturianu: Imperiu romanu
azərbaycanca: Roma İmperiyası
башҡортса: Рим империяһы
žemaitėška: Ruomas imperėjė
беларуская: Рымская імперыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рымская імпэрыя
български: Римска империя
bosanski: Rimsko carstvo
català: Imperi Romà
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lò̤-mā Dá̤-guók
qırımtatarca: Roma İmperiyası
dansk: Romerriget
dolnoserbski: Romski imperium
English: Roman Empire
Esperanto: Romia Imperio
español: Imperio romano
estremeñu: Empériu romanu
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Na Matanitu ki Roma
føroyskt: Rómverjaríkið
français: Empire romain
贛語: 羅馬帝國
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Lò-mâ Ti-koet
Fiji Hindi: Roman Samrajya
hrvatski: Rimsko Carstvo
hornjoserbsce: Romski imperij
Kreyòl ayisyen: Anpi Romen
interlingua: Imperio Roman
Bahasa Indonesia: Kekaisaran Romawi
italiano: Impero romano
日本語: ローマ帝国
la .lojban.: latmo sosygugje'a
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ចក្រភព រ៉ូម
한국어: 로마 제국
Lëtzebuergesch: Réimescht Räich
Lingua Franca Nova: Impero Roman
Limburgs: Romeins Riek
Ligure: Impêo Roman
lumbaart: Impero Roman
lietuvių: Romos imperija
latviešu: Romas impērija
Malagasy: Empira Romana
македонски: Римско Царство
Bahasa Melayu: Empayar Rom
Mirandés: Ampério Romano
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရောမအင်ပါယာ
Napulitano: Impero Rumano
Nedersaksies: Romeinse Riek
नेपाल भाषा: रोमन साम्राज्य
norsk nynorsk: Romarriket
occitan: Empèri Roman
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੋਮਨ ਸਮਰਾਜ
Papiamentu: Imperio romano
Piemontèis: Imperi Roman
پنجابی: رومی سلطنت
português: Império Romano
română: Imperiul Roman
русиньскый: Римска империя
саха тыла: Рим империята
sicilianu: Mpèriu rumanu
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rimsko Carstvo
Simple English: Roman Empire
slovenčina: Rímske cisárstvo
slovenščina: Rimski imperij
Gagana Samoa: Emepaea o Roma
српски / srpski: Римско царство
Seeltersk: Roomske Riek
Basa Sunda: Kakaisaran Romawi
Kiswahili: Dola la Roma
Türkmençe: Rim imperiýasy
татарча/tatarça: Рим империясе
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: رىم ئىمپېرىيىسى
українська: Римська імперія
vèneto: Inpero Roman
vepsän kel’: Rimalaine imperii
Tiếng Việt: Đế quốc La Mã
West-Vlams: Romeins Ryk
吴语: 罗马帝国
Vahcuengh: Lozmaj Daeqgoz
中文: 羅馬帝國
Bân-lâm-gú: Lô-má Tè-kok
粵語: 羅馬帝國