Bórọ̀nù

Bórọ̀nù
5B
-

B

Al
bórọ̀nùcarbon
Ìhànsójú
black-brown
Àwọn ìdámọ́ wíwọ́pọ̀
Orúkọ, àmì-ìdámọ́, nọ́mbàbórọ̀nù, B, 5
Ìpèlóhùn /ˈbɔərɒn/
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ̀ntimẹ́tálọ́ìdì
Ẹgbẹ́, àsìkò, àdìpò13, 2, p
Ìwúwo átọ́mù10.81(1)
Ìtòléra ẹ̀lẹ́ktrónì[He] 2s2 2p1
2, 3
Electron shells of boron (2, 3)
Ìtàn
ÌwáríJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard[1] (30 June 1808)
Ìyàsọ́tọ̀ àkọ́kọ́Humphry Davy[2] (9 July 1808)
Physical properties
Phasealáralíle
Liquid density at m.p.2.08 g·cm−3
Melting point2349 K, 2076 °C, 3769 °F
Boiling point4200 K, 3927 °C, 7101 °F
Heat of fusion50.2
Heat of vaporization480 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity11.087 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)234825622822314135454072
Atomic properties
Oxidation states3, 2, 1[3]
(mildly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity2.04 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: 800.6 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2427.1 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3659.7 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius90 pm
Covalent radius84±3 pm
Van der Waals radius192 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurerhombohedral
Bórọ̀nù has a rhombohedral crystal structure
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[4]
Electrical resistivity(20 °C) ~106 Ω·m
Thermal conductivity27.4 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion(25 °C) (β form) 5–7[5] µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod)(20 °C) 16,200 m·s−1
Mohs hardness~9.5
CAS registry number7440-42-8
Àwọn ísótòpù dídúró jùlọ
Main article: Àwọn ísótòpù bórọ̀nù
isoNAhalf-lifeDMDE (MeV)DP
10B19.9(7)%*10B is stable with 5 neutrons[6]
11B80.1(7)%*11B is stable with 6 neutrons[6]
*Boron-10 content may be as low as 19.1% and as
high as 20.3% in natural samples. Boron-11 is
the remainder in such cases.
[7]
·

Bórọ̀nù ni ẹ́límẹ̀ntì kẹ́míkà kan tó ní àmì-ìdámọ̀ B àti nọ́mbà átọ̀mù 5. Nítorípé bórọ̀nù jẹ́ dídá pátápátá pẹ̀lu ìtúká ìrànká kọ́smíkì tí kò sì jẹ́ pẹ̀lù núkléùkíkódájọpọ̀ oníràwọ̀,[8] kò fi bẹ́ẹ̀ pọ̀ ní inú sístẹ́mù òrùn àti nínú ìgbẹ́lẹ̀ Ayé. Bórọ̀nù wọ́jọ ní Ayé pẹ̀lu ìtúsómi àwọn àdàpọ̀ rẹ̀ tí wọ́n wọ́pọ̀, èyun ùn àwọn àlùmọ́nì bóràtì. Àwọn wọ̀nyí únjẹ́ wíwà láti inú ilẹ̀ ní ilé-iṣẹ́ gẹ́gẹ́bí ìṣágbẹ, bíi bóráksì àti kẹ́rnítì.

Bórọ̀nú, tó jẹ́ títòpọ̀ mọ́ ẹgbẹ́ mẹ́tálọ́ìdì, tí kò darapọ̀ bíi kẹ́míkà kò sí ní Ilé-Ayé. Ní ilé-iṣẹ́, ó ṣòro látí dá bórọ̀nù ògidì nítorípé oúndá èròjà míràn tí wọ́n ní kárbọ́nù tàbí àwọn ẹ́límẹ̀ntí míràn díẹ̀ nínú. Orísi àwọn àllótrópù bórọ̀nù lówà: bórọ̀nù amorphous boron is a brown powder and crystalline boron is black, extremely hard (about 9.5 on the Mohs scale), and a poor conductor at room temperature. Elemental boron is used as a dopant in the semiconductor industry.

  • itokasi

Itokasi

  1. Gay Lussac, J.L. and Thenard, L.J. (1808) "Sur la décomposition et la recomposition de l'acide boracique," Annales de chimie [later: Annales de chemie et de physique], vol. 68, pp. 169–174.
  2. Davy H (1809). "An account of some new analytical researches on the nature of certain bodies, particularly the alkalies, phosphorus, sulphur, carbonaceous matter, and the acids hitherto undecomposed: with some general observations on chemical theory". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 99: 33–104. http://books.google.com/books?id=gpwEAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA140#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  3. Zhang, K.Q.; Guo, B.; Braun, V.; Dulick, M.; Bernath, P.F. (1995). "Infrared Emission Spectroscopy of BF and AIF". J. Molecular Spectroscopy 170: 82. 1995JMoSp.170...82Z. http://bernath.uwaterloo.ca/media/125.pdf. 
  4. Lide, David R. (ed.) (2000). Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. CRC press. ISBN http://www-d0.fnal.gov/hardware/cal/lvps_info/engineering/elementmagn.pdf. 
  5. Holcombe Jr., C. E.; Smith, D. D.; Lorc, J. D.; Duerlesen, W. K.; Carpenter; D. A. (October 1973). "Physical-Chemical Properties of beta-Rhombohedral Boron". High Temp. Sci. 5 (5): 349–57. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions for All Elements". National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  7. Szegedi, S.; Váradi, M.; Buczkó, Cs. M.; Várnagy, M.; Sztaricskai, T. (1990). "Determination of boron in glass by neutron transmission method". Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Letters 146 (3): 177. 10.1007/BF02165219. 
  8. "Q & A: Where does the element Boron come from?". physics.illinois.edu. Retrieved 2011-12-04. 
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Boor (element)
አማርኛ: ቦሮን
aragonés: Boro
العربية: بورون
asturianu: Boru
azərbaycanca: Bor
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бор (элемэнт)
български: Бор (елемент)
भोजपुरी: बोरॉन
বাংলা: বোরন
བོད་ཡིག: ཚ་ནག
brezhoneg: Bor
bosanski: Bor (element)
català: Bor
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bèng
Cebuano: Boro
کوردی: بۆرۆن
corsu: Boru
čeština: Bor (prvek)
Чӑвашла: Бор (элемент)
Cymraeg: Boron
Deutsch: Bor
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބޯރޯން
Ελληνικά: Βόριο
English: Boron
Esperanto: Boro
español: Boro
eesti: Boor
euskara: Boro
فارسی: بور
suomi: Boori
français: Bore
Nordfriisk: Boor
furlan: Bôr
Gaeilge: Bórón
Gagauz: Bor
Gàidhlig: Bòron
galego: Boro
ગુજરાતી: બોરોન
Gaelg: Boron
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Phìn
Hawaiʻi: Boron
עברית: בור (יסוד)
हिन्दी: बोरॉन
Fiji Hindi: Boron
hrvatski: Bor (element)
magyar: Bór
interlingua: Boro
Bahasa Indonesia: Boron
Ido: Borono
íslenska: Bór
italiano: Boro
日本語: ホウ素
Patois: Buoran
la .lojban.: jicmrboro
Basa Jawa: Boron
ქართული: ბორი
Kabɩyɛ: Bɔrɩ
Gĩkũyũ: Boron
қазақша: Бор (элемент)
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បរ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬೊರಾನ್
한국어: 붕소
kurdî: Bor
коми: Бор
Кыргызча: Бор (элемент)
Latina: Borium
Lëtzebuergesch: Bor
Limburgs: Boor
Ligure: Boro
lumbaart: Boro
lingála: Bolo
lietuvių: Boras
latviešu: Bors
Māori: Pūtiwha
македонски: Бор (елемент)
മലയാളം: ബോറോൺ
मराठी: बोरॉन
кырык мары: Бор (элемент)
Bahasa Melayu: Boron
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘိုရွန်
Nāhuatl: Xacoiztatl
Plattdüütsch: Bor (Element)
नेपाली: बोरोन
नेपाल भाषा: बोरोन
Nederlands: Boor (element)
norsk nynorsk: Grunnstoffet bor
Novial: Bore
occitan: Bòr
Livvinkarjala: Borum
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବୋରନ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬੋਰਾਨ
पालि: बोरोन
polski: Bor
Piemontèis: Bòr
پنجابی: بورون
português: Boro
Runa Simi: Boru
română: Bor (element)
armãneashti: Boru
русский: Бор (элемент)
संस्कृतम्: बोरान
sicilianu: Boru
Scots: Boron
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bor (element)
සිංහල: බෝරෝන්
Simple English: Boron
slovenčina: Bór
slovenščina: Bor (element)
Soomaaliga: Booron
shqip: Bori
Seeltersk: Bor
Basa Sunda: Boron
svenska: Bor
Kiswahili: Boroni
தமிழ்: போரான்
తెలుగు: బోరాన్
тоҷикӣ: Бор (унсур)
ไทย: โบรอน
Tagalog: Boron
Türkçe: Bor
татарча/tatarça: Бор (элемент)
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بور
українська: Бор
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bor (unsur)
vepsän kel’: Bor (himine element)
Tiếng Việt: Bo
Winaray: Boro
吴语:
хальмг: Борон
中文:
文言:
Bân-lâm-gú: Phêng-sò͘
粵語: