Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin
Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин (Rinuso)
იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე სტალინი (Hineoryano)

General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Ha pwesto
3 April 1922 – 16 October 1952
Gin-unahan niVyacheslav Molotov
(as Responsible Secretary)
Ginsundan niNikita Khrushchev
(office reestablished)

Chairman of the Council of Ministers
Ha pwesto
6 May 1941 – 5 March 1953
First DeputiesNikolai Voznesensky
Vyacheslav Molotov
Gin-unahan niVyacheslav Molotov
Ginsundan niGeorgy Malenkov

People's Commissar for Defense of the Soviet Union
Ha pwesto
19 July 1941 – 25 February 1946
PremierHimself
Gin-unahan niSemyon Timoshenko
Ginsundan niNikolai Bulganin
after vacancy

Member of the Secretariat
Ha pwesto
3 April 1922 – 5 March 1953

Full member of the Presidium
Ha pwesto
25 March 1919 – 5 March 1953

Member of the Orgburo
Ha pwesto
16 January 1919 – 5 March 1953

Natawo18 Disyembre 1878(1878-12-18)
Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire
Namatay5 Marso 1953 (edad 74)
Kuntsevo Dacha near Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
NasodhanonSoviet
Partido 
nga politikanhon
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
(Mga) AsawaEkaterina Svanidze (1906–1907)
Nadezhda Alliluyeva (1919–1932)
Mga anakYakov Dzhugashvili, Vasily Dzhugashvili, Svetlana Alliluyeva
RelihiyonNone (atheist)
Pirma
Serbisyo Militar
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branchSoviet Armed Forces
Mga tuig hin pag-alagad1943–1953
RanggoMarshal of the Soviet Union (1943–1945)
Generalissimus of the Soviet Union (1945–1953)
Mga commandAll (supreme commander)
Mga pag-awayan/geraWorld War II
Mga pasidungogHero of the Soviet Union Hero of Socialist Labor medal.png Badge Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.jpg
OrderVictoryRibbon.svg OrderVictoryRibbon.svg
Order of Red Banner ribbon bar.png Order of Red Banner ribbon bar.png 20 years saf rib.png Order of Lenin ribbon bar.png
Order of Lenin ribbon bar.png Order suvorov1 rib.png Ribbon bar for the medal for the Defense of Moscow.png Order of Glory Ribbon Bar.png
OrdenSuheBator.png OrdenSuheBator.png Victoryjapan rib.png Victoryjapan rib.png
800thMoscowRibbon.png Order redstar rib.png Order redstar rib.png Order redstar rib.png
Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945 Bar.png Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945 Bar.png CZE Rad Bileho Lva 5 tridy BAR.svg CZE Rad Bileho Lva 3 tridy BAR.svg Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945 Bar.png

Hi Joseph Stalin o Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin (ha Rinuso Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Ста́лин, ginluluwas nga [ˈjɵsʲɪf vʲɪsɐˈrʲɵnəvʲɪtɕ ˈstalʲɪn];, puyde liwat Josef Stalin o kundi man José Stalin nga natawo ha ngaran nga Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jugashvili, Hineorhyano: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი, ginluluwás [iɔsɛb bɛsɑriɔnis dzɛ dʒuɣɑʃvili]; 18 Disyembre 1878[1] – 5 Marso 1953)) in Kasahiran nga Maghirilom han Partido Komunista han Unyon Sobyet Komite Sentral tikang 1922 kutob ha iya kamatay ha 1953. Ha mga tuig kahuman namatay hi Vladimir Lenin, hiya an naging lider han Unyon Sobyet.

Bibliograpiya

  • Applebaum, Anne (2003). Gulag: A History. Doubleday. ISBN 0-7679-0056-1.
  • Bideleux, Robert; Jeffries, Ian (1998). A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-203-05024-8.
  • Boobbyer, Phillip (2000). The Stalin Era. Routledge. ISBN 0-7679-0056-1.
  • Brackman, Roman (2001). The Secret File of Joseph Stalin: A Hidden Life. Frank Cass Publishers. ISBN 0-7146-5050-1.
  • Brent, Jonathan; Naumov, Vladimir (2004). Stalin's Last Crime: The Plot Against the Jewish Doctors, 1948–1953. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-093310-0.
  • Fest, Joachim C. (2002). Hitler. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-15-602754-2.
  • Henig, Ruth Beatrice (2005). The Origins of the Second World War, 1933–41. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-33262-1.
  • Montefiore, Simon Sebag (2007). Young Stalin. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-85068-7.
  • Murphy, David E. (2006). What Stalin Knew: The Enigma of Barbarossa. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-11981-X.
  • Overy, R. J. (2004). The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-02030-4.
  • Nekrich, Aleksandr Moiseevich; Ulam, Adam Bruno; Freeze, Gregory L. (1997). Pariahs, Partners, Predators: German-Soviet Relations, 1922–1941. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-10676-9.
  • Roberts, Geoffrey (2006). Stalin's Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939–1953. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-11204-1.
  • Roberts, Geoffrey (2002). Stalin, the Pact with Nazi Germany, and the Origins of Postwar Soviet Diplomatic Historiography 4 (4). 
  • Roberts, Geoffrey (1992). "The Soviet Decision for a Pact with Nazi Germany". Soviet Studies (Taylor & Francis, Ltd.) 55 (2): 57–78. 152247. 
  • Soviet Information Bureau (1948). Falsifiers of History (Historical Survey). Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 272848. 
  • Department of State (1948). Nazi-Soviet Relations, 1939–1941: Documents from the Archives of The German Foreign Office. Department of State. 
  • Taubert, Fritz (2003). The Myth of Munich. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. ISBN 3-486-56673-3.
  • Tucker, Robert C. (1992). Stalin in Power: The Revolution from Above, 1928–1941. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-30869-3.
  • Watson, Derek (2000). "Molotov's Apprenticeship in Foreign Policy: The Triple Alliance Negotiations in 1939". Europe-Asia Studies (Taylor & Francis, Ltd.) 52 (4): 695–722. 153322. 10.1080/713663077. 
  • Wettig, Gerhard (2008). Stalin and the Cold War in Europe. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-7425-5542-9.

Dugang nga barasahon

  • Anton Antonov-Ovseenko. The Time of Stalin: Portrait of a Tyranny. Harpercollins, 1983 (ISBN 0060390271)
  • Brent, Jonathan. Inside the Stalin Archives: Discovering the New Russia. Atlas & Co., 2008 (ISBN 0977743330) Introduction online
  • Brent, Jonathan; Naumov, Vladimir Pavlovich. Stalin's Last Crime: The Plot Against the Jewish Doctors, 1948–1953. New York: HarperCollins, 2003 (ISBN 0-06-019524-X); as Stalin's Last Crime: The Doctor's Plot. London: John Murray, 2004 (ISBN 0-7195-6508-1).
  • Broekmeyer, Marius. Stalin, the Russians, and Their War, 1941–1945. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004 (ISBN 0-299-19590-2).
  • Bullock, Alan. Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives. London: HarperCollins, 1991 (ISBN 0002154943).
  • Boterbloem, Kees. Life and Death under Stalin: Kalinin Province, 1945–1953. Montreal, Quebec; Kingston, ON: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999 (ISBN 0-7735-1811-8).
  • Robert Conquest. The Great Terror: A Reassessment. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990 (ISBN 0-19-507132-8).
  • Robert Conquest. The Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986 (ISBN 0-19-505180-7).
  • Davies, Sarah; Harris, James R. Stalin: A New History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005 (ISBN 0-521-85104-1).
  • Isaac Deutscher. Stalin: A Political Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967 (ISBN 0-19-500273-3); London: Penguin Books, 1990 (ISBN 0140135049).
  • Milovan Đilas. Conversations With Stalin. Harcourt Trade Publishers New York, 1962 (ISBN 0151225907)
  • Orlando Figes. The Whisperers: Private Life in Stalin's Russia. Metropolitan Books, 2007 (ISBN 0805074619)
  • Gellately, Robert. Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe. Knopf, August 2007 (ISBN 1-4000-4005-1).
  • Gill, Graeme. Stalinism (2nd ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998 (ISBN 0-312-17764-X).
  • Jonge, Alex de. Stalin and the Shaping of the Soviet Union. New York: William Morrow, 1986 (ISBN 0-688-04730-0); 1987 (ISBN 0688072917).
  • Keep, John L.H.; Litvin, Alter L. Stalinism: Russian and Western Views at the Turn of the Millennium (Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions). New York: Routledge, 2004 (ISBN 0-415-35108-1)
  • Kuromiya, Hiroaki. Stalin. Harlow, UK: Longman, 2006 (ISBN 0-582-78479-4).
  • Kuromiya, Hiroaki. The Voices of the Dead: Stalin's Great Terror in the 1930s. Yale University Press, 24 December 2007. ISBN 0-300-12389-2
  • The Leader Cult in Communist Dictatorships: Stalin and the Eastern Bloc, edited by Apor, Balázs; Jan C. Behrends, Polly Jones and E.A. Rees. Houndmills, UK; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004 (ISBN 1-4039-3443-6).
  • The Lesser Evil: Moral Approaches to Genocide Practices (Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions), edited by Helmut Dubiel and Gabriel Motzkin. New York: Routledge, 2004 (ISBN 0-7146-5493-0).
  • Laqueur, Walter. Stalin: The Glasnost Revelations. New York: Scribner, 1990 (ISBN 0684192039).
  • Mace, James E. "The Man-Made Famine of 1933 in Soviet Ukraine", Famine in Ukraine 1932–1933: A Memorial Exhibition, edited by Roman Serbyn and Bohdan Krawchenko. Edmonton, Alberta: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1986 (ISBN 0-920862-43-8), pp. 1–14.
  • Mawdsley, Evan. The Stalin Years: The Soviet Union, 1929–53. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003 (ISBN 0-7190-6377-9).
  • McDermott, Kevin. Stalin: Revolutionary in an Era of War (European History in Perspective). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006 (ISBN 0-333-71121-1).
  • McLoughlin, Barry and McDermott, Kevin (eds). Stalin's Terror: High Politics and Mass Repression in the Soviet Union. Palgrave Macmillan, 2002. ISBN 1-4039-0119-8
  • Roy Medvedev; Zhores Medvedev The Unknown Stalin: His Life, Death, and Legacy. London: I.B. Tauris, 2003 (ISBN 1-86064-768-5)
  • Simon Sebag Montefiore. Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004 (ISBN 1-4000-4230-5); New York: Vintage, 2005 (ISBN 1400076781).
  • Simon Sebag Montefiore. Young Stalin. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2007 (ISBN 978-0-297-85068-7). An excerpt.
  • Murphy, David E. What Stalin Knew: The Enigma of Barbarossa. Yale University Press, 2005 (ISBN 0300107803).
  • Norman Naimark Stalin's Genocides (Human Rights and Crimes against Humanity). Princeton University Press, 2010. ISBN 0-691-14784-1
  • Richard Overy. Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia. Allen Lane, 2004 (ISBN 0-393-32797-3).
  • Parrish, Michael. The Lesser Terror: Soviet state security, 1939–1953. Praeger Press, 1996 (ISBN 0275951138)
  • Richard Pipes. Communism: A History. Modern Library Chronicles, 2001 (ISBN 0679640509)
  • Priestland, David. Stalin and the Politics of Mobilization: Ideas, Power, and Terror in Inter-war Russia. New York: Oxford University Press (U.S.), 2006 (ISBN 0-19-924513-4).
  • Edvard Radzinsky. Stalin: The First In-Depth Biography Based on Explosive New Documents from Russia's Secret Archives. Doubleday, 1996 (ISBN 0-385-47397-4). Chapter 1.
  • Rayfield, Donald, Stalin and his Hangmen: The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for Him, (2005), Random House
  • Redefining Stalinism (Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions), edited by Harold Shukman. New York: Routledge, 2003 (ISBN 0-7146-5415-9).
  • Ree, Erik van. The Political Thought of Joseph Stalin: A Study in Twentieth-Century Revolutionary Patriotism. London; New York: Routledge Courzon, 2002 (ISBN 0-7007-1749-8).
  • Roberts, Geoffrey. Stalin's Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939–1953. New Heaven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 2006 (ISBN 0300112041).
  • Rosefielde, Steven. Red Holocaust. Routledge, 2009. (ISBN 0-415-77757-7)
  • Rudolph Rummel Death By Government. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1994 (ISBN 1560001453).
  • Rudolph Rummel Lethal Politics: Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1990 (ISBN 0887383335)
  • Sandag, Shagdariin; Kendall, Harry H.; Wakeman, Frederic E. Poisoned Arrows: The Stalin-Choibalsan Mongolian Massacres, 1921–1941. Westview Press (October 1999). ISBN 0-8133-3710-0
  • Service, Robert. Stalin: A Biography. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2005 (ISBN 0-674-01697-1).
  • Timothy Snyder. Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin. Basic Books, 2010. ISBN 0-465-00239-0
  • Boris Souvarine. Stalin: A Critical Survey of Bolshevism. Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing, 2005 (ISBN 1-4191-1307-0)Online.
  • Stalin's Terror Revisited. Edited by Melanie Ilic and Stephen G. Wheatcroft. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006 (ISBN 1-4039-4705-8).
  • online edition
  • Robert C. Tucker Stalin in Power: The Revolution from Above, 1928–1941. New York: W.W. Norton, 1990 (ISBN 0-393-02881-X).
  • Tzouliadis, Tim. The Forsaken: An American Tragedy in Stalin's Russia. The Penguin Press, 2008 (ISBN 1594201684)
  • Ulam, Adam Bruno. Stalin: The Man and His Era. Boston: Beacon Press, 1989 (ISBN 0-8070-7005-X)
  • Vaksberg, Arkady. The Murder of Maxim Gorky. A Secret Execution. (Enigma Books: New York, 2007. ISBN 978-1-929631-62-9.)
  • Dmitri Volkogonov (Author); Shukman, Harold (Editor, Translator). Autopsy for an Empire: the Seven Leaders Who Built the Soviet Regime. Free Press, 1998 (ISBN 0684834200)
  • Ward, Chris. The Stalinist Dictatorship. London: Arnold Publishers, 1998 (ISBN 0-340-70640-6).
  • Ward, Chris. "Stalin Through Seventeenth-Century Eyes", Journal of European Studies, Vol. 36, No. 2. (2006), pp. 181–200.
  • Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev (Author); Austin, Anthony (Translator). A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia. Yale University Press, 2002 (ISBN 0300087608)
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Josef Stalin
Alemannisch: Josef Stalin
aragonés: Josef Stalin
Ænglisc: Iosep Stalin
العربية: جوزيف ستالين
asturianu: Yósif Stalin
Aymar aru: Iosif Stalin
azərbaycanca: İosif Stalin
تۆرکجه: ايستالین
Boarisch: Josef Stalin
žemaitėška: Josips Stalėns
Bikol Central: Josep Stalin
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ёсіф Сталін
български: Йосиф Сталин
Bislama: Joseph Stalin
brezhoneg: Jozef Stalin
bosanski: Josif Staljin
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Joseph Stalin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Joseph Stalin
Cebuano: Joseph Stalin
Cymraeg: Joseff Stalin
Deutsch: Josef Stalin
dolnoserbski: Jozef Stalin
Ελληνικά: Ιωσήφ Στάλιν
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Joseph Stalin
English: Joseph Stalin
Esperanto: Josif Stalin
español: Iósif Stalin
euskara: Iosif Stalin
estremeñu: Josif Stalin
føroyskt: Jósef Stalin
français: Joseph Staline
贛語: 斯大林
Gàidhlig: Iosif Stalin
galego: Iosif Stalin
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Joseph Stalin
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Joseph Stalin
Fiji Hindi: Joseph Stalin
hrvatski: Josif Staljin
hornjoserbsce: Józef Stalin
Kreyòl ayisyen: Stalin
հայերեն: Իոսիֆ Ստալին
interlingua: Josef Stalin
Bahasa Indonesia: Josef Stalin
Ilokano: Joseph Stalin
íslenska: Jósef Stalín
italiano: Iosif Stalin
la .lojban.: stalin.
Basa Jawa: Josef Stalin
Qaraqalpaqsha: Yosif Stalin
Kabɩyɛ: Joseph Staline
kurdî: Josef Stalin
kernowek: Joseph Stalin
Кыргызча: Иосиф Сталин
Lingua Franca Nova: Josef Stalin
Limburgs: Jozef Stalin
lumbaart: Josif Stalin
لۊری شومالی: جوزف اٛستالین
lietuvių: Josifas Stalinas
latviešu: Josifs Staļins
Malagasy: Joseph Stalin
македонски: Јосиф Сталин
मराठी: स्टॅलिन
Bahasa Melayu: Joseph Stalin
Mirandés: Josef Staline
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျိုးဇတ် စတာလင်
مازِرونی: ژوزف استالین
Napulitano: Stalin
नेपाली: स्टालिन
नेपाल भाषा: जोसेफ स्टालिन
Nederlands: Jozef Stalin
norsk nynorsk: Josef Stalin
Livvinkarjala: Josif Stalin
Papiamentu: Joseph Stalin
Piemontèis: Josif Stalin
پنجابی: جوزف سٹالن
português: Josef Stalin
Runa Simi: Yosif Stalin
русиньскый: Осиф Сталін
संस्कृतम्: जोसेफ़ स्टालिन
sicilianu: Giuseppi Stalin
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Josif Staljin
Simple English: Joseph Stalin
Soomaaliga: Joseph Stalin
српски / srpski: Јосиф Стаљин
Sesotho: Iosif Stalin
svenska: Josef Stalin
Kiswahili: Josef Stalin
ślůnski: Josif Stalin
తెలుగు: స్టాలిన్
Tagalog: Joseph Stalin
Türkçe: Josef Stalin
татарча/tatarça: Иосиф Сталин
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ستالىن
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Iosif Stalin
vepsän kel’: Stalin Iosif
Volapük: Iosif Stalin
walon: Staline
მარგალური: იოსებ სტალინი
Yorùbá: Joseph Stalin
Vahcuengh: Joseph Stalin
文言: 斯大林
Bân-lâm-gú: Iosif Stalin
粵語: 史太林
isiZulu: Joseph Stalin