Spring (season) | astronomical and solar reckoning

Astronomical and solar reckoning

blue sky and sun setting behind mountain
Astronomical vernal equinox seen from the site of Pizzo Vento at Fondachelli Fantina, Sicily

In some cultures in the Northern Hemisphere (e.g. Germany), the astronomical vernal equinox (varying between 19 and 21 March) is taken to mark the first day of spring, and the summer solstice (around 21 June) is taken as the first day of summer. In Persian culture the first day of spring is the first day of the first month (called Farvardin) which begins on 20 or 21 March. In other traditions, the equinox is taken as mid-spring.

In the traditional Chinese calendar, the "spring" season () consists of the days between Lichun(February 3–5), taking Chunfen (March 20th-22nd) as its midpoint, then ending at Lixia (May 5–7). Similarly, according to the Celtic tradition, which is based solely on daylight and the strength of the noon sun, spring begins in early February (near Imbolc or Candlemas) and continues until early May (Beltane).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Lente
Alemannisch: Frühling
አማርኛ: ፀደይ
Ænglisc: Lencten
Аҧсшәа: Ааԥын
العربية: ربيع
aragonés: Primavera
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܬܕܐܐ
armãneashti: Prumuvearâ
asturianu: Primavera
Avañe'ẽ: Arapoty
Aymar aru: Phanchiri
azərbaycanca: Yaz
تۆرکجه: یاز
বাংলা: বসন্ত
Bân-lâm-gú: Chhun
башҡортса: Яҙ
беларуская: Вясна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вясна
भोजपुरी: बसंत
български: Пролет
Boarisch: Fruajoa
བོད་ཡིག: དཔྱིད།
brezhoneg: Nevezamzer
català: Primavera
Чӑвашла: Çуркунне
čeština: Jaro
Cymraeg: Gwanwyn
dansk: Forår
Deutsch: Frühling
dolnoserbski: Nalěśe
डोटेली: वसन्त ऋतु
eesti: Kevad
Ελληνικά: Άνοιξη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Premavèira
эрзянь: Тундо
español: Primavera
Esperanto: Printempo
estremeñu: Primavera
euskara: Udaberri
فارسی: بهار
føroyskt: Vár
français: Printemps
Frysk: Maitiid
furlan: Vierte
Gaeilge: Earrach
Gaelg: Arragh
galego: Primavera
ГӀалгӀай: БIаьсти
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Chhûn-kui
хальмг: Хавр
한국어:
հայերեն: Գարուն
हिन्दी: वसंत
hornjoserbsce: Nalěćo
hrvatski: Proljeće
Ilokano: Primabera
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: প্রিমাভেরা
Bahasa Indonesia: Musim semi
interlingua: Primavera
Interlingue: Verne
Ирон: Уалдзæг
íslenska: Vor
italiano: Primavera
עברית: אביב
Basa Jawa: Mangsa semi
Kapampangan: Kasibul
ქართული: გაზაფხული
kaszëbsczi: Zymk
қазақша: Көктем
коми: Тулыс
Kreyòl ayisyen: Prentan (sezon)
kurdî: Bihar
Кыргызча: Жаз
кырык мары: Шошым
лакку: Инт
Latina: Ver
latviešu: Pavasaris
Lëtzebuergesch: Fréijoer
лезги: Гатфар
lietuvių: Pavasaris
Livvinkarjala: Kevät
lumbaart: Primaéra
magyar: Tavasz
मैथिली: वसन्त
македонски: Пролет
Malagasy: Lohataona
മലയാളം: വസന്തം
मराठी: वसंत
მარგალური: აფუნი
مازِرونی: باهار
Bahasa Melayu: Musim bunga
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Chŭng-tiĕng
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နွေဦး
Nāhuatl: Xoxopan
Nederlands: Lente
Nedersaksies: Leinte
नेपाली: वसन्त
नेपाल भाषा: वसन्त
日本語:
Napulitano: Primmavera
Nordfriisk: Wos
Norfuk / Pitkern: Spring
norsk: Vår
norsk nynorsk: Vår
Nouormand: Renouvé
occitan: Prima
олык марий: Шошо
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bahor
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਸੰਤ
پنجابی: ربیع
پښتو: پسرلی
Перем Коми: Тулыс
polski: Wiosna
português: Primavera
Ripoarisch: Vröschjoohr
română: Primăvară
Runa Simi: Ch'iraw mit'a
русский: Весна
саха тыла: Саас
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱤᱨᱚᱱ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ
संस्कृतम्: वसन्तः
shqip: Pranvera
sicilianu: Primavera
Simple English: Spring
سنڌي: بھار
slovenčina: Jar
slovenščina: Pomlad
Soomaaliga: Gu
کوردی: بەھار
српски / srpski: Пролеће
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Proljeće
suomi: Kevät
svenska: Vår
Tagalog: Tagsibol
татарча/tatarça: Яз
тоҷикӣ: Баҳор
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎪᎨᏱ
Tshivenda: Luṱavula
Türkçe: İlkbahar
Türkmençe: Ýaz
українська: Весна
اردو: بہار
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئەتىياز
Vahcuengh: Cawzcin
vèneto: Primavera
vepsän kel’: Keväz'
Tiếng Việt: Mùa xuân
Volapük: Florüp
Võro: Kevväi
walon: Bontins
文言:
West-Vlams: Uutkom
Winaray: Kathuraw
吴语: 春天
ייִדיש: פרילינג
粵語: 春天
Zazaki: Wesar
žemaitėška: Pavasaris
中文: 春季