Nawab | "nabob", derived colloquial term
In colloquial usage in English (since 1612), adopted in other Western languages, the
During the 18th century in particular, it was widely used as a disparaging term for British merchants or administrators who, having made a fortune in India, returned to Britain and aspired to be recognised as having the higher social status that their new wealth would enable them to maintain.
From this specific usage it came to be sometimes used for ostentatiously rich businesspeople in general.
"Nabob" can also be used metaphorically for people who have a grandiose sense of their own importance, as in the famous alliterative dismissal of the news media as "nattering nabobs of negativism" in a speech that was delivered by