Lugano | geography

Geography

Lugano from Mt. Sighignola, showing the crescent of building around the bay
Cantina di Caprino, in the city but on the east shore of Lake Lugano

Lugano lies at the edge of Lake Lugano ( Italian: Lago di Lugano or Ceresio), which is situated between the lakes Lago Maggiore and Lago di Como, south of the Alps. It lies at the heart of the Sottoceneri, that part of the canton of Ticino that lies south of the Monte Ceneri Pass. [4]

The city centre is located on the lake shore just to the west of where the River Cassarate enters the lake. The city's waterfront forms a crescent around the bay between the Brè (925 m [3,035 ft]) and the San Salvatore (912 m [2,992 ft]) mountains. [4]

Because of the historical development of the city, incorporating some relatively distant suburbs but leaving other, nearer, suburbs as independent municipalities, the borders of the city are disparate. A large and sparsely populated section of the city is on the east bank of Lake Lugano and separated from the city by that lake. Similarly, the inner-urban but independent municipality of Paradiso is a near- enclave, totally surrounded as it is by the city and the lake of Lugano. [4]

Based on the 1997 land survey, as of 2013 Lugano has a total area of 32.09 square kilometers (12.39 sq mi). Of this area, 3.25 km2 (1.25 sq mi) or 10.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 6.73 km2 (2.60 sq mi) or 21.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 4.48 km2 (1.73 sq mi) or 14.0% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.04 km2 (9.9 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and 0.12 km2 (30 acres) or 0.4% is unproductive land.[ citation needed]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 9.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.0%. while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 1.2%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 0.5% is used for growing crops and 9.4% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is in lakes. [20][ citation needed]

Climate

Lugano has a humid subtropical climate ( Köppen Cfa) closely bordering on an oceanic climate ( Köppen Cfb). It is characterized by relatively mild winters and warm humid summers. [21] It has an average of 98.1 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 1,559 mm (61.4 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is May during which Lugano receives an average of 196 mm (7.7 in) of rain, while the driest month of the year is February with an average of 52 mm (2.0 in) of precipitation over 4.6 days. [22]

Climate data for Lugano (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
8.5
(47.3)
13.0
(55.4)
15.8
(60.4)
20.2
(68.4)
24.2
(75.6)
26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79)
21.7
(71.1)
16.7
(62.1)
11.3
(52.3)
7.4
(45.3)
16.5
(61.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
4.5
(40.1)
8.3
(46.9)
11.4
(52.5)
15.7
(60.3)
19.6
(67.3)
22.1
(71.8)
21.5
(70.7)
17.5
(63.5)
13.0
(55.4)
7.9
(46.2)
4.3
(39.7)
12.4
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
1.6
(34.9)
4.9
(40.8)
7.9
(46.2)
12.1
(53.8)
15.4
(59.7)
17.8
(64)
17.4
(63.3)
13.9
(57)
10.0
(50)
5.1
(41.2)
1.7
(35.1)
9.1
(48.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66
(2.6)
52
(2.05)
80
(3.15)
156
(6.14)
196
(7.72)
164
(6.46)
153
(6.02)
158
(6.22)
185
(7.28)
142
(5.59)
127
(5)
80
(3.15)
1,559
(61.38)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 12.7
(5)
3.5
(1.38)
0.5
(0.2)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.6
(0.24)
8.8
(3.46)
26.1
(10.28)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.8 4.6 6.1 10.6 12.8 10.0 7.9 9.6 8.4 9.1 7.8 6.4 98.1
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 1.1 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.3 3.7
Average relative humidity (%) 70 65 61 68 70 68 66 69 73 78 72 70 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 125 138 186 171 187 222 255 241 187 140 110 108 2,069
Percent possible sunshine 56 54 56 48 48 57 65 64 56 47 48 52 55
Source: MeteoSwiss [22]
Other Languages
Alemannisch: Lugano
العربية: لوغانو
تۆرکجه: لوگنو
Bân-lâm-gú: Lugano
беларуская: Лугана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Люгана
български: Лугано
བོད་ཡིག: ལུ་ག་ནོ།
bosanski: Lugano
brezhoneg: Lugano
català: Lugano
Чӑвашла: Лугано
čeština: Lugano
Cymraeg: Lugano
dansk: Lugano
Deutsch: Lugano
eesti: Lugano
Ελληνικά: Λουγκάνο
español: Lugano
Esperanto: Lugano
estremeñu: Lugano
euskara: Lugano
فارسی: لوگنو
français: Lugano
Gaeilge: Lugano
Gàidhlig: Lugano
galego: Lugano
한국어: 루가노
Հայերեն: Լուգանո
hrvatski: Lugano
Ido: Lugano
Bahasa Indonesia: Lugano
íslenska: Lugano
italiano: Lugano
עברית: לוגאנו
ქართული: ლუგანო
қазақша: Лугано
Latina: Luganum
latviešu: Lugāno
lietuvių: Luganas
lumbaart: Lügan
magyar: Lugano
മലയാളം: ലുഗാനോ
मराठी: लुगानो
Bahasa Melayu: Lugano
Dorerin Naoero: Lugano
Nederlands: Lugano (stad)
日本語: ルガーノ
Napulitano: Lugano
norsk: Lugano
norsk nynorsk: Lugano
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lugano
پنجابی: لوگانو
Piemontèis: Lugan (Tesin)
polski: Lugano
português: Lugano
română: Lugano
rumantsch: Lugano
русский: Лугано
Scots: Lugano
shqip: Lugano
sicilianu: Luganu
Simple English: Lugano
slovenčina: Lugano
slovenščina: Lugano
српски / srpski: Лугано (град)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lugano
suomi: Lugano
svenska: Lugano
Türkçe: Lugano
українська: Лугано
vèneto: Ługàn
Tiếng Việt: Lugano
Volapük: Lugano
Winaray: Lugano
ייִדיש: לוגאנא
中文: 盧加諾