Isaac Asimov | references

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green. p. 31. The date of my birth, as I celebrate it, was January 2, 1920. It could not have been later than that. It might, however, have been earlier. Allowing for the uncertainties of the times, of the lack of records, of the Jewish and Julian calendars, it might have been as early as October 4, 1919. There is, however, no way of finding out. My parents were always uncertain and it really doesn't matter. I celebrate January 2, 1920, so let it be.
  2. ^ Pronunciation note: In the humorous poem "The Prime of Life" published in the anthology The Bicentennial Man and Other Stories (p. 3), Asimov rhymes his name thusly: "Why, mazel tov, it's Asimov". In his comments on the poem, Asimov wrote that originally it was "Why, stars above, it's Asimov", and when someone suggested to use "mazel tov" instead, Asimov accepted this as a significant improvement.
  3. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green. p. 12. There are three very simple English words: 'Has,' 'him' and 'of.' Put them together like this—'has-him-of'—and say it in the ordinary fashion. Now leave out the two h's and say it again and you have Asimov.
  4. ^ Asimov, Stanley (1996). Yours, Isaac Asimov. My estimate is that Isaac received about 100,000 letters in his professional career. And with the compulsiveness that has to be a character trait of a writer of almost 500 books, he answered 90 percent of them. He answered more than half with postcards and didn't make carbons of them. But with the 100,000 letters he received, there are carbons of about 45,000 that he wrote.
  5. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1969). Nightfall, and other stories. Doubleday. p. 244. I wrote a novel in 1953 which pictured a world in which everyone lived in underground cities, comfortably enclosed away from the open air. People would say, "How could you imagine such a nightmarish situation?" And I would answer in astonishment, "What nightmarish situation?"
  6. ^ A 400th essay, a compilation of excerpts from his earlier essays edited by his widow Janet Jeppson Asimov, was published in the magazine in 1994.
  7. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1994). "I, Asimov: A Memoir". New York: Doubleday: 380. Chapter 130: When Israel was founded in 1948 and all my Jewish friends were jubilant, I was the skeleton at the feast. I said, "We are building ourselves a ghetto. We will be surrounded by tens of millions of Muslims who will never forgive, never forget and never go away."... But don't Jews deserve a homeland? Actually, I feel that no human group deserves a "homeland" in the usual sense of the word. ... I am not a Zionist, then, because I don't believe in nations, and Zionism merely sets up one more nation to trouble the world.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Seiler, Edward; Jenkins, John H. (June 27, 2008). "Isaac Asimov FAQ". Isaac Asimov Home Page. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  2. ^ Freedman, Carl (2000). "Critical Theory and Science Fiction". Doubleday: 71.
  3. ^ "Isaac Asimov Biography and List of Works". Biblio.com. Retrieved March 5, 2008.
  4. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1994). I. Asimov: A Memoir. New York: Doubleday. pp. 475–76. ISBN 0-385-41701-2.
  5. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1969). Opus 100. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. So [Walter Bradbury] said, 'Use a pseudonym.' And I did. I choose Paul French and ...
  6. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1994). I. Asimov: A Memoir. New York: Doubleday. p. 500. ISBN 0-385-41701-2.
  7. ^ a b Minor Planet Center (retrieved 22 October 2017)
  8. ^ a b "USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, Mars: Asimov". Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  9. ^ "P.S. 099 Isaac Asimov" at New York City Department of Education website. (Retrieved 6 August 2018.)
  10. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green. pp. 10–11.
  11. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green. p. 11.
  12. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1987). The Best Science Fiction of Isaac Asimov. Glasgow: Grafton Books. p. 243.
  13. ^ a b c d Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 79–82.
  14. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green, pp. 22, 30. Avon, 1979.
  15. ^ Asimov, Isaac. I. Asimov: A Memoir, ch. 5. Random House, 2009. ISBN 0-307-57353-2
  16. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1975). Before the Golden Age. 1. Orbit. p. 4. ISBN 0-8600-7803-5.
  17. ^ Isaac Asimov FAQ, asimovonline.com
  18. ^ "Marcia (Asimov) Repanes". Newsday. April 4, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
  19. ^ "Stanley Asimov, 66, Newsday Executive". The New York Times. August 17, 1995. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
  20. ^ a b Konstantin, Phil. "An Interview with Isaac Asimov". americanindian.net. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  21. ^ Robert F. Keeler, "Newsday: a candid history of the respectable tabloid", 1990, ISBN 1-55710-053-5
  22. ^ Passenger list. "Ancestry.com".
  23. ^ Passenger list. "Ancestry.com".
  24. ^ Asimov, Isaac (2002). Janet Asimov, ed. It's Been a Good Life. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books. p. 12. ISBN 1-57392-968-9.
  25. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1994). I. Asimov: A Memoir. Bantam Books. pp. 2–3. ISBN 0-553-56997-X.
  26. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1979). In Memory Yet Green. Avon Books. p. 32. ISBN 0-380-75432-0.
  27. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green, chapter 6.
  28. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac (1973). The Early Asimov Volume 1. St. Albans, Hertfordshire, UK: Panther Books. p. 10. ISBN 0-586-03806-X.
  29. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 180–183.
  30. ^ Seiler, Edward; Jenkin, John H. (1994–2014). "Frequently Asked Questions about Isaac Asimov". asimovonline.com. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  31. ^ Everts, Bart. "SciPhi: Isaac Asimov's West Philly Years". Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  32. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green, chapter 37
  33. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green. pp. 467–468.
  34. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green. p. 476.
  35. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green. p. 473.
  36. ^ a b c Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 560–564.
  37. ^ a b Isaac Asimov Interview with Don Swaim Archived September 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine (1987)
  38. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1975) Buy Jupiter and Other Stories, VGSF (1988 ed.) p. 112
  39. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1994). I. Asimov: A Memoir. pp. 195–200.
  40. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1973). The Tragedy of the Moon. pp. 222–223.
  41. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1994). I. Asimov: A Memoir. p. 199.
  42. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Joy Still Felt. pp. 353–55.
  43. ^ "Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center: Asimov, Isaac (1920–1992)". Retrieved July 27, 2016.
  44. ^ "Isaac Asimov Asks, 'How Do People Get New Ideas?'". MIT Technology Review. October 20, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  45. ^ Dean, James (October 27, 2014). "The write stuff: Asimov's secret Cold War mission". The Times of London. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
  46. ^ "Isaac Asimov FAQ". asimovonline.com. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  47. ^ Asimov wrote in 1969 that "periodic trips to New York ... have, more and more, become a kind of highlight to my life". Asimov, Isaac (1969). Nightfall, and other stories. Doubleday. p. 267.
  48. ^ Asimov, Isaac. (1975) Buy Jupiter and Other Stories, VGSF (1988 ed.), p. 205
  49. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1980). In Joy Still Felt: The Autobiography of Isaac Asimov, 1954–1978. Garden City, New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-15544-1.
  50. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1994). I. Asimov: A Memoir. New York: Doubleday. pp. 129–131. ISBN 0-385-41701-2.
  51. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1979). In Memory Yet Green: The Autobiography of Isaac Asimov, 1920–1954. Garden City, New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-13679-X.
  52. ^ Asimov, I. (1973) "The Cruise and I", in The Tragedy of the Moon (1973, Dell), chapter 16
  53. ^ a b c d Asimov, Isaac (1994). I. Asimov: A Memoir. New York: Doubleday. pp. 125–129. ISBN 0-385-41701-2.
  54. ^ Lewin, Sarah (23 October 2018). "Asimov's Sword: Excerpt from 'Astounding' History of Science Fiction". Space.com. Purch. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  55. ^ Kellogg, Carolyn (6 May 2013). "Harlan Ellison, Isaac Asimov, Studs Terkel together in 1982 video". Los Angeles Times. Ross Levinsohn. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  56. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1992). Asimov Laughs Again. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 0-06-016826-9.
  57. ^ See NeroWolfe.org
  58. ^ White (2005), pp. 83 and 219–20
  59. ^ Asimov, Isaac. I. Asimov, a Memoir, New York, Doubleday, 1994, pages 376–377.
  60. ^ Asimov, Isaac. More Tales of the Black Widowers, Greenwich (Connecticut), Fawcett Crest, 1976, page 223.
  61. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Joy Still Felt, Avon, 1980, pages 699–700.
  62. ^ "Humanist Manifesto II". American Humanist Association. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  63. ^ a b "Isaac Asimov". The Guardian. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  64. ^ "Sixteen Notable Figures in Science and Skepticism Elected CSI Fellows". Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  65. ^ "Playing with fire / Firewalking with the Wessex Skeptics". New Scientist. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  66. ^ "About CSI". Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  67. ^ "The Pantheon of Skeptics". Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  68. ^ "A Conversation with James Randi". YouTube. Center For Inquiry. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  69. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1981) [Originally published 1980; Garden City, NY: Doubleday]. In Joy Still Felt: The Autobiography of Isaac Asimov, 1954–1978. New York: Avon. pp. 217, 302. ISBN 0-380-53025-2. 79003685. 7880716.
  70. ^ Asimov, Isaac (2009). I.Asimov: A Memoir (ebook ed.). New York: Bantam Books. pp. 546–547. ISBN 978-0-307-57353-7. 612306604. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  71. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1994). "I, Asimov: A Memoir". New York: Doubleday: 380.
  72. ^ a b "Asimov FAQ". September 27, 2004. Retrieved January 17, 2007.
  73. ^ Asimovonline.com FAQs Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  74. ^ a b c "Isaac Asimov, Whose Thoughts and Books Traveled the Universe, Is Dead at 72". New York Times. April 7, 1992. p. B7. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  75. ^ Bock, Hal (April 9, 1992). "Ashe says transfusion gave him AIDS: Former tennis star blames tainted blood received during 1983 bypass surgery". The Globe and Mail. p. E5.
  76. ^ Asimov, Isaac (2002). It's Been a Good Life. New York: Prometheus Books. pp. 251–3. ISBN 978-1-57392-968-4.
  77. ^ a b "Locus Online: Letter from Janet Asimov". April 4, 2002. Retrieved January 17, 2007.
  78. ^ "Widow reveals Isaac Asimov died from Aids", The Sunday Times, 17 March 2002
  79. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1969). Nightfall, and other stories. Doubleday. pp. 205, 244.
  80. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1988). "Prelude to Foundation". Bantam Books: xiii–xv.
  81. ^ Yours, Isaac Asimov, p. 329
  82. ^ Seiler, Edward; Hatcher, Richard (2014). "Is Data from Star Trek: The Next Generation an Asimovian robot?". Isaac Asimov Home Page. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  83. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City, New York: Doubleday. p. 1.
  84. ^ a b c Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 1–9.
  85. ^ Video: Asimov at 391 (1988). The Open Mind (TV series). 1988. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
  86. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1975). Before the Golden Age. 1. Orbit. p. 14. ISBN 0-8600-7803-5.
  87. ^ Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green (Avon Books), pp. 208–212.
  88. ^ Gunn, James (1982). Isaac Asimov: The Foundations of Science Fiction. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. pp. 12–13, 20. ISBN 0-19-503059-1.
  89. ^ a b c Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 25–28.
  90. ^ Isaac Asimov at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (ISFDB). Retrieved April 22, 2013. Select a title to see its linked publication history and general information. Select a particular edition (title) for more data at that level, such as a front cover image or linked contents.
  91. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. p. 245.
  92. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 166–169.
  93. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 202–205.
  94. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 335–339.
  95. ^ Asimov, I. Nightfall and Other Stories (1969) (Grafton Books 1991 edition, pp. 9–10)
  96. ^ Bretnor, Reginald (1953). Modern Science Fiction: Its Meaning and Its Future. New York: Coward-McCann. pp. 157–197.
  97. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 390–397.
  98. ^ "Clarkesworld Magazine – Science Fiction & Fantasy". Clarkesworld Magazine.
  99. ^ The Long List of Hugo Awards, 1966 at nesfa.org (retrieved April 24, 2016).
  100. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 442–443.
  101. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 466–470.
  102. ^ Sampson, Michael (January 14, 2004). "The Bottom of Things". Archived from the original on February 12, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2007.
  103. ^ "Series: Isaac Asimov's Robot Mysteries". ISFDB. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  104. ^ "Series: Second Foundation Trilogy". ISFDB. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  105. ^ "Publication: Psychohistorical Crisis". ISFDB. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  106. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1972). The Early Asimov; or, Eleven Years of Trying. Garden City NY: Doubleday. pp. 488–501.
  107. ^ Latham, Rob (2009). "Fiction, 1950-1963". In Bould, Mark; Butler, Andrew M.; Roberts, Adam; Vint, Sherryl. The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction. Routledge. pp. 80–89. ISBN 9781135228361.
  108. ^ In Memory Yet Green p. 627
  109. ^ a b c d e Asimov, Isaac (1973). "Introduction". The Best of Isaac Asimov. Sphere Books. pp. ix–xiv. ISBN 0-385-05078-X. 74-2863.
  110. ^ a b Asimov (1975) Buy Jupiter and Other Stories, VGSF (1988 ed.) p. 174
  111. ^ "1973 Awards". The Locus Index to SF Awards. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  112. ^ Asimov, I. (1980) In Joy Still Felt Avon, p. 693
  113. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1969). Nightfall, and other stories. Doubleday. p. 224.
  114. ^ Asimov, Isaac. I. Asimov: A Memoir. pp. 428–429.
  115. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1995). I. Asimov: A Memoir. New York: Bantam. pp. 252–254. ISBN 0-553-56997-X.
  116. ^ Budrys, Algis (June 1965). "Galaxy Bookshelf". Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 164–169.
  117. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac (1969). Nightfall, and other stories. Doubleday. p. 321.
  118. ^ List of Asimov's essays for F&SF at Asimovonline.com (Retrieved 28 October 2018).
  119. ^ Asimov, Isaac (January 1975). "Thinking About Thinking". The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. New York: Mercury Press, Inc.
  120. ^ Asimov, Isaac (November 1967). "Knock Plastic!". The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. New York: Mercury Press, Inc.
  121. ^ a b 1963 Hugo Award winners at the New England Science Fiction Association website (retrieved 22 October 2017)
  122. ^ I. Asimov: A Memoir chapter 65.
  123. ^ a b c Asimov, Isaac (August 1967). "S. F. as a Stepping Stone". Editorial. Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 4, 6.
  124. ^ Asimov, I. In Joy Still Felt (Doubleday, 1980) chapter 30.
  125. ^ Gale, Floyd C. (August 1960). "Galaxy's 5 Star Shelf". Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 117–121.
  126. ^ Gale, Floyd C. (December 1961). "Galaxy's 5 Star Shelf". Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 144–147.
  127. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1969). Nightfall, and other stories. Doubleday. p. 299.
  128. ^ According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term "robotics" was first used in the short story "Liar!" published in the May 1941 issue of Astounding Science Fiction.
  129. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1996) [1995]. "The Robot Chronicles". Gold. London: Voyager. pp. 224–225. ISBN 0-00-648202-3.
  130. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1983). "4 The Word I Invented". Counting the Eons. Doubleday. Robotics has become a sufficiently well developed technology to warrant articles and books on its history and I have watched this in amazement, and in some disbelief, because I invented . ... . the word
  131. ^ "Atmosphere in Space Cabins and Closed Environments". Locusmag.com. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
  132. ^ Asimov, Isaac (July 1988). "Psychohistory". Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction. Vol. 12 no. 7. Davis Publications. pp. 4–8. 0162-2188.
  133. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1965). The Greeks: A Great Adventure. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  134. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1966). The Roman Republic. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  135. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1967). The Roman Empire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  136. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1967). The Egyptians. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  137. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1968). The Near East: 10,000 Years of History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  138. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1991). Asimov's Chronology of the World. New York: HarperCollins.
  139. ^ I. Asimov: A Memoir chapter 112
  140. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1991). "Puzzles of the Black Widowers". Bantam Books: xiii–xiii.
  141. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac (1971). Isaac Asimov's Treasury of Humor. New York: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-12665-7.
  142. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac (1992). Asimov Laughs Again. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-016826-9.
  143. ^ In Joy Still Felt p. 569
  144. ^ Hines, Jim C. (2016-08-29). "Don't Look Away: Fighting Sexual Harassment in the Scifi/Fantasy Community". io9. Retrieved 2017-12-18.
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  148. ^ List of 1995 Hugo Awards Archived May 7, 2011, at WebCite at the official website. (Retrieved March 25, 2016.)
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  151. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac (1979). Opus 200. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-27625-X.
  152. ^ a b Asimov, Isaac (1984). Opus 300. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-36108-7.
  153. ^ Asimov, Janet; Asimov, Isaac (1987). How to Enjoy Writing: A Book of Aid and Comfort. New York: Walker & Co. ISBN 0-8027-0945-1.
  154. ^ "How to Enjoy Writing: A Book of Aid and Comfort". John H. Jenkins. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  155. ^ "Letters of Note: Getting Star Trek on the air was impossible".
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  163. ^ James T. Grady-James H. Stack Award for Interpreting Chemistry for the Public at the American Chemical Society website (retrieved 22 October 2017)
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  199. ^ a b Isaac Asimov, "The Way of Reason", in In Pursuit of Truth: Essays on the Philosophy of Karl Popper on the Occasion of his 80th Birthday,, ed. Paul Levinson, Humanities Press, 1982, pp. ix–x.
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  203. ^ "I make no secret of the fact that I am a non-observant Jew", Asimov, Isaac. Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, Volume 15, Issues 10–13. p. 8. Davis Publishing, 1991.
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Sources

In Joy Still Felt (1980), New York: Avon ISBN 0-380-53025-2.
I. Asimov: A Memoir (1994), ISBN 0-385-41701-2 (hc), ISBN 0-553-56997-X (pb).
Yours, Isaac Asimov (1996), edited by Stanley Asimov. ISBN 0-385-47624-8.
It's Been a Good Life (2002), edited by Janet Asimov. ISBN 1-57392-968-9.
  • Goldman, Stephen H., "Isaac Asimov", in Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 8, Cowart and Wymer eds. (Gale Research, 1981), pp. 15–29.
  • Gunn, James. "On Variations on a Robot", IASFM, July 1980, pp. 56–81.
Isaac Asimov: The Foundations of Science Fiction (1982). ISBN 0-19-503060-5.
The Science of Science-Fiction Writing (2000). ISBN 1-57886-011-3.
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