Diabetes mellitus | prevention

Prevention

There is no known preventive measure for type 1 diabetes.[2] Type 2 diabetes – which accounts for 85–90% of all cases – can often be prevented or delayed by maintaining a normal body weight, engaging in physical activity, and consuming a healthy diet.[2] Higher levels of physical activity (more than 90 minutes per day) reduce the risk of diabetes by 28%.[71] Dietary changes known to be effective in helping to prevent diabetes include maintaining a diet rich in whole grains and fiber, and choosing good fats, such as the polyunsaturated fats found in nuts, vegetable oils, and fish.[72] Limiting sugary beverages and eating less red meat and other sources of saturated fat can also help prevent diabetes.[72] Tobacco smoking is also associated with an increased risk of diabetes and its complications, so smoking cessation can be an important preventive measure as well.[73]

The relationship between type 2 diabetes and the main modifiable risk factors (excess weight, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and tobacco use) is similar in all regions of the world. There is growing evidence that the underlying determinants of diabetes are a reflection of the major forces driving social, economic and cultural change: globalization, urbanization, population aging, and the general health policy environment.[74]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Suikersiekte
Alemannisch: Diabetes mellitus
አማርኛ: ስኳር በሽታ
العربية: السكري
অসমীয়া: বহুমূত্ৰ ৰোগ
Avañe'ẽ: Tuguyasuka
azərbaycanca: Şəkərli diabet
تۆرکجه: دیابت
Bân-lâm-gú: Thn̂g-jiō-pēⁿ
башҡортса: Шәкәр диабеты
беларуская: Цукровы дыябет
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Цукровы дыябэт
български: Захарен диабет
brezhoneg: Diabet
Cymraeg: Diabetes
dansk: Sukkersyge
davvisámegiella: Diabetes
ދިވެހިބަސް: ހަކުރު ބަލި
Esperanto: Diabeto
euskara: Diabetes
فارسی: دیابت
føroyskt: Sukursjúka
français: Diabète sucré
Gaeilge: Diaibéiteas
ગુજરાતી: મધુપ્રમેહ
한국어: 당뇨병
हिन्दी: मधुमेह
Ido: Diabeto
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ডায়াবেটিস
Bahasa Indonesia: Diabetes melitus
interlingua: Diabete
íslenska: Sykursýki
italiano: Diabete mellito
עברית: סוכרת
Basa Jawa: Kencing Manis
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮಧುಮೇಹ
Kapampangan: Diabetes mellitus
қазақша: Қант диабеті
Kiswahili: Kisukari
Кыргызча: Кант диабети
latviešu: Cukura diabēts
Lëtzebuergesch: Diabetes mellitus
македонски: Шеќерна болест
മലയാളം: പ്രമേഹം
मराठी: मधुमेह
Bahasa Melayu: Penyakit kencing manis
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆီးချိုရောဂါ
Nederlands: Diabetes mellitus
नेपाली: मधुमेह
नेपाल भाषा: मधुमेह
日本語: 糖尿病
norsk: Diabetes
norsk nynorsk: Diabetes mellitus
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ମଧୁମେହ
Oromoo: Diabetes
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qandli diabet
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ੱਕਰ ਰੋਗ
پنجابی: شوگر
Papiamentu: Diabétis Mellitus
Patois: Dayabiitis
polski: Cukrzyca
português: Diabetes mellitus
română: Diabet zaharat
Runa Simi: Misk'i unquy
русиньскый: Цукрёвый діабет
саха тыла: Диабет
संस्कृतम्: मधुमेहः
Simple English: Diabetes mellitus
سنڌي: ڊيابطس
slovenčina: Diabetes mellitus
slovenščina: Sladkorna bolezen
Soomaaliga: Sokorow
کوردی: شەکرە
српски / srpski: Шећерна болест
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dijabetes
Basa Sunda: Diabétes mélitus
suomi: Diabetes
svenska: Diabetes
татарча/tatarça: Шикәр авыруы
తెలుగు: మధుమేహం
Türkçe: Diyabet
Türkmençe: Süýjülik (kesel)
українська: Цукровий діабет
اردو: ذیابیطس
Tiếng Việt: Tiểu đường
吴语: 糖尿病
ייִדיש: צוקערקרענק
粵語: 糖尿
žemaitėška: Sokraus diabets
中文: 糖尿病