Common wheat | evolution

Evolution

Bread wheat is an allohexaploid (an allopolyploid with six sets of chromosomes: two sets from each of three different species). Of the six sets of chromosomes, two come from Triticum urartu (einkorn wheat) and two from Aegilops speltoides. This hybridisation created the species Triticum turgidum (durum wheat) 580,000–820,000 years ago. The last two sets of chromosomes came from wild goat-grass Aegilops tauschii 230,000–430,000 years ago.[6][9]

Free-threshing wheat is closely related to spelt. As with spelt, genes contributed from Aegilops tauschii give bread wheat greater cold hardiness than most wheats, and it is cultivated throughout the world's temperate regions.

Other Languages
العربية: قمح طري
azərbaycanca: Yumşaq buğda
български: Зимна пшеница
català: Blat xeixa
čeština: Pšenice setá
dansk: Brødhvede
Deutsch: Weichweizen
euskara: Gari arrunt
français: Blé tendre
한국어: 보통밀
Hausa: Alkama
hornjoserbsce: Prawa pšeńca
עברית: חיטת הלחם
қазақша: Жұмсақ бидай
Kinyarwanda: Ingano
Кыргызча: Жумшак буудай
Limburgs: Gewoan terf
Nederlands: Gewone tarwe
日本語: パンコムギ
occitan: Blat tendre
پنجابی: عام کنک
Picard: Fourmint
português: Triticum aestivum
sicilianu: Ciaca
Simple English: Common wheat
slovenščina: Navadna pšenica
suomi: Vehnä
українська: Пшениця м'яка
Tiếng Việt: Triticum aestivum
中文: 普通小麦