Fimosis | referencias

Referencias

  1. Shankar KR, Rickwood AM (1999). «The incidence of phimosis in boys». BJU Int. 84 (1): 101-102. 10444134. 10.1046/j.1464-410x.1999.00147.x.  This study gives a low incidence of pathological phimosis (0.6% of uncircumcised boys by age 15 years) by asserting that balanitis xerotica obliterans is the only indisputable type of pathological phimosis and anything else should be assumed "physiological". Restrictiveness of definition and circularity of reasoning have been criticized.
  2. Imamura E (1997). «Phimosis of infants and young children in Japan». Acta Paediatr Jpn 39 (4): 403-5. 9316279. 10.1111/j.1442-200x.1997.tb03605.x.  A study of phimosis prevalence in over 4,500 Japanese children reporting that over a third of uncircumcised had a nonretractile foreskin by age 3 years.
  3. Ohjimi T, Ohjimi H (1981). «Special surgical techniques for relief of phimosis». J Dermatol Surg Oncol 7 (4): 326-30. 7240535. 10.1111/j.1524-4725.1981.tb00650.x. 
  4. «Care of the Uncircumcised Penis». Guide for parents. American Academy of Pediatrics. septiembre de 2007. 
  5. «Caring for an uncircumcised penis». Information for parents. Canadian Paediatric Society. julio de 2012. 
  6. Huntley JS, Bourne MC, Munro FD, Wilson-Storey D (septiembre de 2003). «Troubles with the foreskin: one hundred consecutive referrals to paediatric surgeons». J R Soc Med 96 (9): 449-451. 539600. 12949201. 10.1258/jrsm.96.9.449. 
  7. Denniston; Hill (octubre de 2010). «Gairdner was wrong». Can Fam Physician 56 (10): 986-987. 2954072. 20944034. Consultado el 5 de abril de 2014. 
  8. George Hill (2003). «Circumcision for phimosis and other medical indications in Western Australian boys». The Medical Journal of Australia 178 (11): 587; author reply 589-90. 12765511. 
  9. Thorvaldsen MA, Meyhoff H. (2005). «Patologisk eller fysiologisk fimose?». Ugeskrift for Læger 167 (16): 1852-62. 15929334. 
  10. a b Rickwood AM, Walker J (1989). «Is phimosis overdiagnosed in boys and are too many circumcisions performed in consequence?». Ann R Coll Surg Engl 71 (5): 275-7. 2499015. 2802472. «Authors review English referral statistics and suggest phimosis is overdiagnosed, especially in boys under 5 years, because of confusion with developmentally nonretractile foreskin.» 
  11. Spilsbury K, Semmens JB, Wisniewski ZS, Holman CD (2003). «Circumcision for phimosis and other medical indications in Western Australian boys». Med. J. Aust. 178 (4): 155-8. 12580740. . Recent Australian statistics with good discussion of ascertainment problems arising from surgical statistics.
  12. Van Howe RS (1998). «Cost-effective treatment of phimosis». Pediatrics 102 (4): e43-e43. 9755280. 10.1542/peds.102.4.e43.  A review of estimated costs and complications of 3 phimosis treatments (topical steroids, praeputioplasty, and surgical circumcision). The review concludes that topical steroids should be tried first, and praeputioplasty has advantages over surgical circumcision. This article also provides a good discussion of the difficulty distinguishing pathological from physiological phimosis in young children and alleges inflation of phimosis statistics for purposes of securing insurance coverage for post-neonatal circumcision in the United States.
  13. McGregor TB, Pike JG, Leonard MP (marzo de 2007). «Pathologic and physiologic phimosis: approach to the phimotic foreskin». Can Fam Physician 53 (3): 445-8. 1949079. 17872680. 
  14. Willcourt RJ. Discussion of Rickwood et al (2000) BMJ.com e-letters, 30 junio 2005.
  15. Beaugé, Michel (Septiembre/Octubre de 1997). «The causes of adolescent phimosis». British Journal of Sexual Medicine. Consultado el 20 de marzo de 2016. 
  16. «Frenuloplastia». Archivado desde el original el 18 de mayo de 2015. Consultado el 4 de febrero de 2015. 
  17. «Prepucioplastia, plastia de prepucio, una alternativa estética a la circuncisión [2015]». Consultado el 4 de febrero de 2015. 
Other Languages
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asturianu: Fimosis
беларуская: Фімоз
català: Fimosi
čeština: Fimóza
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Ελληνικά: Φίμωση
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euskara: Fimosi
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हिन्दी: फाइमोसिस
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Հայերեն: Ֆիմոզ
Bahasa Indonesia: Fimosis
italiano: Fimosi
日本語: 包茎
한국어: 포경 (의학)
Кыргызча: Фимоз
македонски: Фимоза
मराठी: फायमॉसिस
Plattdüütsch: Phimoos
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norsk: Fimose
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଫାଇମୋସିସ
polski: Stulejka
português: Fimose
română: Fimoză
русский: Фимоз
sicilianu: Fimosi
slovenčina: Fimóza
српски / srpski: Фимоза
українська: Фімоз
Tiếng Việt: Hẹp bao quy đầu
中文: 包莖