Stockholm

Stockholm
Location of StockholmLambang kota
90px
59°21′ N 18°4′ E
Piagemabad ka-13
MunisipalitasMunisipalitas Stockholm, jeung lianna dina wewengkon urban Stockholm
CountiCounti Stockholm
PropinsiSödermanland jeung Uppland
PangeusiMunicipal: 780,818 (Sep 30, 2006)
Urban: 1,252,000 (Dés 31, 2005)
Métropolitan: 1,912,787 (Sep 30, 2006)

Stockholm  (IPA: ['stɔkhɔlm]; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) nyaéta ibukota Swédia, jadi tempat pamaréntahan jeung parleménna salian ti ogé jadi tempat cicingna pamingpin nagara Swédia, King Carl XVI Gustaf.

Stockholm geus jadi puseur pulitik jeung ekonomi Swedia ti saprak abad ka-13.[1] Kiwari mangrupa munisipalitas panggedéna di Swedia, kalayan jumlah populasi 776,000, sedengkeun populasi wewengkon urban Stockholm jeung Métropolitan Stockholm kasarna aya 1.2 jeung 1.9 million.

Kalayan lokasina nu aya di basisir wetan Swedia dina sungut Situ Mälaren, di kapuloan Stockholm, Stockholm kasohor ku kaendahannana.[1]

Panoraman Stockholm ti Balé Kota
Panoraman Stockholm ti Balé Kota
Panneau travaux.pngArtikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo .

Asal ngaran

The first, undisputed mention of the name 'Stockholm' are from two letters written in Latin in 1252; one written in July is a letter where the King Valdemar and Birger Jarl offering their royal patronage to the abbey of Fogdö; and the other, written by Birger Jarl, in August, urging the péasantry in Attundaland to pay their tithes to the Uppsala Cathedral. Both letters were written in Stockholm, but give no further information of the city itself or any explanation on the background of the name.[2]

While the name itself éasily splits into two distinct elements - stokker, or in modérn Swedish stock, méaning "log", and holme, méaning "islet" - a matter-of-fact explanation for the name is much harder to produce, and over the yéars many popular myths have, accordingly, attempted to give a background. One story dated back to the mid 17th century for example, tells how the population of Birka, a historical city on Lake Mälaren, grew too rapidly, and the Gods then consulted urged parts of the population to emigrate to a new site. To determine where to build the new city, it was decided a log bound with gold should point out where to settle by sailing ashore on the site, and, occasionally, it landed on an islet in what is today central Stockholm.[2]

The first attempt to an explanation was put forward by the German humanist Jacob Ziegler in his work Schondia ( Scandinavia) printed in 1532. Writing in Latin, he describes the city as the stronghold and trade post of the Swedes, located among paludibus, méaning either marshes or lakes, and - like Venice - resting on poles. Most likely, Ziegler, while Rome, came in contact with prominent Swedes like Johannes Magnus who supplied him with the description of the city, which still today styles itself "The Venice of the Nordic countries" (Nordens Venedig).[2]

Other interpretations includes stock being an allusion to:

  • poles erected either to indicate frontiers or temporary market places,
  • trap logs, used to catch animals,
  • stubs supposed to have been abundant on the central island of the city,
  • fiskestock - either the local "fish livestock" or a hollowed out log used as an osier basket,
  • the place where the watercourse and/or logs clogs (stockar sig),
  • the name Stocksund for the stréam flowing through the city, as mentioned in Snorri Sturluson's Ynglinga saga and the saga of Saint Olaf, thus supposing the original name of the city was Stocksundsholm,
  • a footbridge stretching over the stréam, supposedly built before 1000, and, maybe the most widespréad explanation,
  • logs drilled into the strait for either defensive purposes, or to force ships to pay tolls.

[2]

To add to the enigma, Stockholm have been called Eken ("The oak") in many contexts. While it is mostly associated to slang, it is supposedly derived from Stockhäcken, the name the city was given by traders from Västergötland (called Västgötaknallar).[2]

Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Стоқҳольм
Acèh: Stockholm
Afrikaans: Stockholm
Akan: Stockholm
Alemannisch: Stockholm
አማርኛ: ስቶኮልም
aragonés: Estocolmo
Ænglisc: Stoccholm
العربية: ستوكهولم
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܣܛܘܩܗܘܠܡ
asturianu: Estocolmu
Aymar aru: Stockholm
azərbaycanca: Stokholm
تۆرکجه: استکهلم
башҡортса: Стокгольм
Boarisch: Stockholm
žemaitėška: Stuokhuolms
Bikol Central: Stockholm
беларуская: Стакгольм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Стакгольм
български: Стокхолм
Bislama: Stockholm
bamanankan: Stokolm
বাংলা: স্টকহোম
brezhoneg: Stockholm
bosanski: Stockholm
буряад: Стокһольм
català: Estocolm
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Estocolmo
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Stockholm
нохчийн: Стокгольм
Cebuano: Estokolmo
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏍᏔᎧᎰᎻ
کوردی: ستۆکھۆڵم
corsu: Stoccolma
čeština: Stockholm
kaszëbsczi: Sztokhòlm
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Стоколмъ
Чӑвашла: Стокгольм
Cymraeg: Stockholm
dansk: Stockholm
Deutsch: Stockholm
Zazaki: Stokholm
dolnoserbski: Stockholm
डोटेली: स्टकहोम
eʋegbe: Stockholm
Ελληνικά: Στοκχόλμη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Stucólma
English: Stockholm
Esperanto: Stokholmo
español: Estocolmo
eesti: Stockholm
euskara: Stockholm
estremeñu: Estocolmu
فارسی: استکهلم
suomi: Tukholma
Võro: Stokholm
føroyskt: Stokkhólmur
français: Stockholm
arpetan: Stockholm
Nordfriisk: Stockholm
Frysk: Stokholm
Gaeilge: Stócólm
Gagauz: Stockholm
Gàidhlig: Stockholm
galego: Estocolmo
Avañe'ẽ: Etohom
Gaelg: Stockholm
Hausa: Stockholm
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Stockholm
Hawaiʻi: Kekokehome
עברית: סטוקהולם
हिन्दी: स्टॉकहोम
Fiji Hindi: Stockholm
hrvatski: Stockholm
hornjoserbsce: Stockholm
Kreyòl ayisyen: Stokolm
magyar: Stockholm
Հայերեն: Ստոկհոլմ
interlingua: Stockholm
Bahasa Indonesia: Stockholm
Interlingue: Stockholm
Igbo: Stockholm
Ilokano: Stockholm
íslenska: Stokkhólmur
italiano: Stoccolma
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᔅᑑᒃᓱᓪᒻ
Patois: Stakuom
Basa Jawa: Stockholm
ქართული: სტოკჰოლმი
Taqbaylit: Stukulm
Адыгэбзэ: Стокголм
Kabɩyɛ: Stɔkhɔlm
Kongo: Stockholm
қазақша: Стокгольм
kalaallisut: Stockholm
한국어: 스톡홀름
Перем Коми: Стёколна
kurdî: Stokholm
kernowek: Stockholm
Кыргызча: Стокгольм
Latina: Holmia
Ladino: Estokolma
Lëtzebuergesch: Stockholm
Limburgs: Stockholm
Ligure: Stoccolma
lumbaart: Stuculma
lingála: Stockholm
لۊری شومالی: ئستوکھولم
lietuvių: Stokholmas
latviešu: Stokholma
मैथिली: स्टकहोम
мокшень: Стокольма
Malagasy: Stockholm
олык марий: Стокгольм
Māori: Stockholm
Baso Minangkabau: Stockholm
македонски: Стокхолм
монгол: Стокхольм
मराठी: स्टॉकहोम
кырык мары: Стокгольм
Bahasa Melayu: Stockholm
Malti: Stokkolma
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စတော့ဟုမ်းမြို့
مازِرونی: استکهلم
Dorerin Naoero: Stockholm
Nāhuatl: Estocolmo
Plattdüütsch: Stockholm
Nedersaksies: Stockholm
नेपाली: स्टकहोम
नेपाल भाषा: स्तकहोम
Nederlands: Stockholm
norsk nynorsk: Stockholm
norsk: Stockholm
Nouormand: Stockholm
occitan: Estocòlme
Livvinkarjala: Stokgol'mu
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਟਾਕਹੋਮ
Papiamentu: Stockholm
Picard: Stockholm
Norfuk / Pitkern: Stockholm
polski: Sztokholm
Piemontèis: Stocòlma
پنجابی: سٹاکہوم
português: Estocolmo
Runa Simi: Stockholm
rumantsch: Stockholm
română: Stockholm
armãneashti: Stockholm
tarandíne: Stoccolme
русский: Стокгольм
русиньскый: Штокголм
саха тыла: Стокhольм
sardu: Stoccolma
sicilianu: Stoccolma
Scots: Stockholm
davvisámegiella: Stockholbma
Sängö: Stockholm
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Stockholm
Simple English: Stockholm
slovenčina: Štokholm
slovenščina: Stockholm
chiShona: Stockholm
Soomaaliga: Stockholm
shqip: Stokholmi
српски / srpski: Стокхолм
Sranantongo: Stockholm
Seeltersk: Stockholm
svenska: Stockholm
Kiswahili: Stockholm
ślůnski: Sztokholm
tetun: Estokolmu
тоҷикӣ: Стокҳолм
Türkmençe: Stokgolm
Tagalog: Estokolmo
Tok Pisin: Stockholm
Türkçe: Stockholm
татарча/tatarça: Стокһольм
reo tahiti: Stockolm
удмурт: Стокгольм
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Stokgolm
українська: Стокгольм
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Stokgolm
vèneto: Stocólma
vepsän kel’: Stokhol'm
Tiếng Việt: Stockholm
West-Vlams: Stockholm
Volapük: Stockholm
walon: Stocom
Winaray: Estokolmo
Wolof: Stokolm
მარგალური: სტოკჰოლმი
ייִדיש: שטאקהאלם
Yorùbá: Stockholm
Zeêuws: Stockholm
Bân-lâm-gú: Stockholm
isiZulu: IStokholmu