Jometali

Simple Periodic Table Chart-en.svg

Jometalet gjenden në anën e djathë të sistemit periodik dhe ndodhen në tri gjendjet agregate: të ngurtë, të lënget dhe të gaztë. Jometalet nuk janë përcjellës të mirë as të nxehtësisë as të elektricitetit përpos karbonit, i cili kur është grafit është përcjellës i mirë i nxehtësisë dhe elektricitetit, kurse si diamant është përçues i nxehtësisë. Veti e përbashkët e jometaleve është se ato formojnë acidet.

  • referencat

Referencat

Bibliografia

  • Addison WE 1964, The allotropy of the elements, Oldbourne Press, London
  • Arunan E, Desiraju GR, Klein RA, Sadlej J, Scheiner S, Alkorta I, Clary DC, Crabtree RH, Dannenberg JJ, Hobza P, Kjaergaard HG, Legon AC, Mennucci B & Nesbitt DJ 2011, "Defining the hydrogen bond: An account (IUPAC Technical Report)", Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol. 83, no. 8, pp. 1619–36, 10.1351/PAC-REP-10-01-01
  • Ashford TA 1967, The physical sciences: From atoms to stars, 2nd ed., Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York
  • Atkins P & de Paula J 2011, Physical chemistry for the life sciences, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, ISBN 978-1429231145
  • Aylward G & Findlay T 2008, SI chemical data, 6th ed., John Wiley & Sons Australia, Milton, Queensland
  • Bailar JC, Moeller T, Kleinberg J, Guss CO, Castellion ME & Metz C 1989, Chemistry, 3rd ed., Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, San Diego, ISBN 0-15-506456-8
  • Ball P 2013, "The name's bond", Chemistry World, vol. 10, no. 6, p. 41
  • Bard AJ, Parsons R & Jordan J 1985, Standard potentials in aqueous solution, Marcel Dekker, New York, ISBN 978-0-8247-7291-8
  • Berkowitz J 2012, The stardust revolution: The new story of our origin in the stars, Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, ISBN 978-1-61614-549-1
  • Bettelheim FA, Brown WH, Campbell MK, Farrell SO 2010, Introduction to general, organic, and biochemistry, 9th ed., Brooks/Cole, Belmont California, ISBN 9780495391128
  • Bettelheim FA, Brown WH, Campbell MK, Farrell SO & Torres OJ 2016, Introduction to general, organic, and biochemistry, 11th ed., Cengage Learning, Boston, ISBN 978-1-285-86975-9
  • Bogoroditskii NP & Pasynkov VV 1967, Radio and electronic materials, Iliffe Books, London
  • Bolin P 2000, "Gas-insulated substations, in JD McDonald (ed.), Electric power substations engineering, 3rd, ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 2–1–2-19, ISBN 9781439856383
  • Borg RJ & Dienes GJ 1992, The physical chemistry of solids, Academic Press, San Diego, California, ISBN 9780121184209
  • Brady JE & Senese F 2009, Chemistry: The study of matter and its changes, 5th ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, ISBN 9780470576427
  • Bratsch SG 1989, "Standard electrode potentials and temperature coefficients in water at 298.15 K," Journal of Physical Chemical Reference Data, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1–21, 10.1063/1.555839
  • Brown WH & Rogers EP 1987, General, organic and biochemistry, 3rd ed., Brooks/Cole, Monterey, California, ISBN 0534068707
  • Bryson PD 1989, Comprehensive review in toxicology, Aspen Publishers, Rockville, Maryland, ISBN 0871897776
  • Bunge AV & Bunge CF 1979, "Electron affinity of helium (1s2s)3S", Physical Review A, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 452–456, 10.1103/PhysRevA.19.452
  • Cacace F, de Petris G & Troiani A 2002, "Experimental detection of tetranitrogen", Science, vol. 295, no. 5554, pp. 480–81, 10.1126/science.1067681
  • Cairns D 2012, Essentials of pharmaceutical chemistry, 4th ed., Pharmaceutical Press, London, ISBN 9780853699798
  • Cambridge Enterprise 2013, "Carbon 'candy floss' could help prevent energy blackouts", Cambridge University, viewed 28 August 2013
  • Catling DC 2013, Astrobiology: A very short introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford, ISBN 978-0-19-958645-5
  • Challoner J 2014, The elements: The new guide to the building blocks of our universe, Carlton Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-233-00436-5
  • Chapman B & Jarvis A 2003, Organic chemistry, kinetics and equilibrium, rev. ed., Nelson Thornes, Cheltenham, ISBN 978-0-7487-7656-6
  • Chung DD 1987, "Review of exfoliated graphite", Journal of Materials Science, vol. 22, pp. 4190–98, 10.1007/BF01132008
  • Clugston MJ & Flemming R 2000, Advanced chemistry, Oxford University Press, Oxford, ISBN 9780199146338
  • Conroy EH 1968, "Sulfur", in CA Hampel (ed.), The encyclopedia of the chemical elements, Reinhold, New York, pp. 665–680
  • Cotton FA, Darlington C & Lynch LD 1976, Chemistry: An investigative approach, Houghton Mifflin, Boston ISBN 978-0-395-21671-2
  • Cotton S 2006, Lanthanide and actinide chemistry, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, ISBN 9780470010068
  • Cox T 2004, Inorganic chemistry, 2nd ed., BIOS Scientific Publishers, London, ISBN 1-85996-289-0
  • Cracolice MS & Peters EI 2011, Basics of introductory chemistry: An active learning approach, 2nd ed., Brooks/Cole, Belmont California, ISBN 9780495558507
  • Crawford FH 1968, Introduction to the science of physics, Harcourt, Brace & World, New York
  • Cressey 2010, "Chemists re-define hydrogen bond", Nature newsblog, accessed 23 August 2017
  • Cronyn MW 2003, "The proper place for hydrogen in the periodic table", Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 80, no. 8, pp. 947—951, 10.1021/ed080p947
  • Daniel PL & Rapp RA 1976, "Halogen corrosion of metals", in MG Fontana & RW Staehle (eds), Advances in corrosion science and technology, Springer, Boston, pp. 55–172, 10.1007/978-1-4615-9062-0_2
  • DeKock RL & Gray HB 1989, Chemical structure and bonding, 2nd ed., University Science Books, Mill Valley, California, ISBN 093570261X
  • Desch CH 1914, Intermetallic Compounds, Longmans, Green and Co., New York
  • Dias RP, Yoo C, Kim M & Tse JS 2011, "Insulator-metal transition of highly compressed carbon disulfide," Physical Review B, vol. 84, pp. 144104–1–6, 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.144104
  • Dillon KB, Mathey F & Nixon JF 1998, Phosphorus: The carbon copy: From organophosphorus to phospha-organic chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester
  • Donohue J 1982, The structures of the elements, Robert E. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, ISBN 0-89874-230-7
  • Eagleson M 1994, Concise encyclopedia chemistry, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, ISBN 3110114518
  • Eastman ED, Brewer L, Bromley LA, Gilles PW, Lofgren NL 1950, "Preparation and properties of refractory cerium sulfides", Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 2248–50, 10.1021/ja01161a102
  • Emsley J 1971, The inorganic chemistry of the non-metals, Methuen Educational, London, ISBN 0423861204
  • Emsley J 2001, Nature's building blocks: An A–Z guide to the elements, Oxford University Press, Oxford, ISBN 0198503415
  • Faraday M 1853, The subject matter of a course of six lectures on the non-metallic elements, (arranged by J Scoffern), Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, London
  • Field SQ & Gray T 2011, Theodore Gray's elements vault, Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, New York, ISBN 978-1-57912-880-7
  • Finney J 2015, Water: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford, ISBN 978-0198708728,
  • Fujimori T, Morelos-Gómez A, Zhu Z, Muramatsu H, Futamura R, Urita K, Terrones M, Hayashi T, Endo M, Hong SY, Choi YC, Tománek D & Kaneko K 2013, "Conducting linear chains of sulphur inside carbon nanotubes", Nature Communications, vol. 4, article no. 2162, 10.1038/ncomms3162
  • Gargaud M, Barbier B, Martin H & Reisse J (eds) 2006, Lectures in astrobiology, vol. 1, part 1: The early Earth and other cosmic habitats for life, Springer, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-29005-2
  • Government of Canada 2015, Periodic table of the elements, accessed 30 August 2015
  • Godfrin H & Lauter HJ 1995, "Experimental properties of 3He adsorbed on graphite", in WP Halperin (ed.), Progress in low temperature physics, volume 14, pp. 213–320 (216–8), Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, ISBN 9780080539935
  • Greenwood NN & Earnshaw A 2002, Chemistry of the elements, 2nd ed., Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN 0750633654
  • Henderson W 2000, Main group chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, ISBN 9780854046171
  • Holderness A & Berry M 1979, Advanced level inorganic chemistry, 3rd ed., Heinemann Educational Books, London, ISBN 9780435654351
  • Irving KE 2005, "Using chime simulations to visualize molecules", in RL Bell & J Garofalo (eds), Science units for Grades 9–12, International Society for Technology in Education, Eugene, Oregon, ISBN 9781564842176
  • Ivanenko NB, Ganeev AA, Solovyev ND & Moskvin LN 2011, "Determination of trace elements in biological fluids", Journal of Analytical Chemistry, vol. 66, no. 9, pp. 784–799 (784), 10.1134/S1061934811090036
  • Jenkins GM & Kawamura K 1976, Polymeric carbons—carbon fibre, glass and char, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0521206936
  • Jolly WL 1966, The chemistry of the non-metals, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
  • Jones WN 1969, Textbook of general chemistry, C. V. Mosby Company, St Louis, ISBN 978-0-8016-2584-8
  • Jorgensen CK 2012, Oxidation numbers and oxidation states, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 978-3-642-87760-5
  • Jørgensen SE & Mitsch WJ (eds) 1983, Application of ecological modelling in environmental management, part A, Elsevier Science Publishing, Amsterdam, ISBN 0-444-42155-6
  • Keith JA & Jacob T 2010, "Computational simulations on the oxygen reduction reaction in electrochemical systems", in PB Balbuena & VR Subramanian, Theory and experiment in electrocatalysis, Modern aspects of electrochemistry, vol. 50, Springer, New York, pp. 89–132, ISBN 978-1-4419-5593-7
  • Kent JA 2007, Kent and Riegel's Handbook of industrial chemistry and biotechnology, 11th ed., vol. 1, Spring Science + Business Media, New York, ISBN 978-0-387-27842-1
  • King RB 2004, "The metallurgist's periodic table and the Zintl-Klemm concept", in DH Rouvray & BR King (eds), The periodic table: into the 21st century, Research Studies Press, Philadelphia, pp. 189–206, ISBN 0863802923
  • King GB & Caldwell WE 1954, The fundamentals of college chemistry, American Book Company, New York
  • Kneen WR, Rogers MJW & Simpson P 1972, Chemistry: Facts, patterns, and principles, Addison-Wesley, London, ISBN 0201037793
  • Koziel JA 2002, "Sampling and sample preparation for indoor air analysis", in J Pawliszyn (ed.), Comprehensive analytical chemistry, vol. 37, Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, pp. 1–32, ISBN 0444505105
  • Krikorian OH & Curtis PG 1988, "Synthesis of CeS and interactions with molten metals", High Temperatures-High Pressures, vol. 20, pp. 9–17, ISSN 0018-1544
  • Labes MM, Love P & Nichols LF 1979, "Polysulfur nitride—a metallic, superconducting polymer", Chemical Review, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 10.1021/cr60317a002
  • Lee JD 1996, Concise inorganic chemistry, 5th ed., Blackwell Science, Oxford, ISBN 978-0-6320-5293-6
  • Lide DR (ed.) 2003, CRC handbook of chemistry and physics, 84th ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, Section 6, Fluid properties; Vapor pressure, ISBN 0849304849
  • Manahan SE 2001, Fundamentals of environmental chemistry, 2nd ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, ISBN 156670491X
  • Maroni M, Seifert B & Lindvall T (eds) 1995, "Physical pollutants", in Indoor air quality: A comprehensive reference book, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 108–123, ISBN 0444816429
  • Martin RM & Lander GD 1946, Systematic inorganic chemistry: From the standpoint of the periodic law, 6th ed., Blackie & Son, London
  • McCall BJ & Oka T 2003, "Enigma of H3+ in diffuse interstellar clouds", in SL Guberman (ed.), Dissociative recombination of molecular ions with electrons, Springer Science+Business Media, New York, ISBN 978-1-4613-4915-0
  • McMillan PF 2006, "Solid-state chemistry: A glass of carbon dioxide", Nature, vol. 441, p. 823, 10.1038/441823a
  • Merchant SS & Helmann JD 2012, "Elemental economy: Microbial strategies for optimizing growth in the face of nutrient limitation", in Poole RK (ed), Advances in Microbial Physiology, vol. 60, pp. 91–210, 10.1016/B978-0-12-398264-3.00002-4
  • Meyer JS, Adams WJ, Brix KV, Luoma SM, Mount DR, Stubblefield WA & Wood CM (eds) 2005, Toxicity of dietborne metals to aquatic organisms, Proceedings from the Pellston Workshop on Toxicity of Dietborne Metals to Aquatic Organisms, 27 July–1 August 2002, Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia, Canada, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Pensacola, Florida, ISBN 1880611708
  • Miller T 1987, Chemistry: a basic introduction, 4th ed., Wadsworth, Belmont, California, ISBN 0534069126
  • Mitchell JBA & McGowan JW 1983, "Experimental studies of electron-ion combination", Physics of ion-ion and electron-ion collisions, F Brouillard F & JW McGowan (eds), Plenum Press, ISBN 978-1-4613-3547-4
  • Mitchell SC 2006, "Biology of sulfur", in SC Mitchell (ed.), Biological interactions of sulfur compounds, Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 20–41, ISBN 0203375122
  • Moeller T 1952, Inorganic chemistry: An advanced textbook, John Wiley & Sons, New York
  • Moss T 1952, Photoconductivity in the elements, Butterworths Scientific Publications, London
  • Murray PRS & Dawson PR 1976, Structural and comparative inorganic chemistry: A modern approach for schools and colleges, Heinemann Educational Book, London, ISBN 9780435656447
  • Myers RT, Oldham KB & Tocci S 2004, Holt Chemistry, teacher ed., Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Orlando, ISBN 0-03-066463-2
  • Nash CS 2005, "Atomic and molecular properties of elements 112, 114, and 118", Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 109, pp. 3493–500, 10.1021/jp050736o
  • Nelson PG 1987, "Important elements", Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 68, no. 9, pp. 732–737, 10.1021/ed068p732
  • Nelson PG 1998, "Classifying substances by electrical character: An alternative to classifying by bond type", Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 24–6, 10.1021/ed071p24
  • Novak A 1979, "Vibrational spectroscopy of hydrogen bonded systems", in TM Theophanides (ed.), Infrared and Raman spectroscopy of biological molecules, proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Athens, Greece, August 22–31, 1978, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, pp. 279–304, ISBN 9027709661
  • Oka T 2006, "Interstellar H+3", PNAS, vol. 103, no. 33, 10.1073_pnas.0601242103
  • Ostriker JP & Steinhardt PJ 2001, "The quintessential universe", Scientific American, January, pp. 46–53
  • Oxtoby DW, Gillis HP & Campion A 2008, Principles of modern chemistry, 6th ed., Thomson Brooks/Cole, Belmont, California, ISBN 0534493661
  • Partington JR 1944, A text-book of inorganic chemistry, 5th ed., Macmillan & Co., London
  • Patil UN, Dhumal NR & Gejji SP 2004, "Theoretical studies on the molecular electron densities and electrostatic potentials in azacubanes", Theoretica Chimica Acta, vol. 112, no. 1, pp 27–32, 10.1007/s00214-004-0551-2
  • Patten MN 1989, Other metals and some related materials, in MN Patten (ed.), Information sources in metallic materials, Bowker-Saur, London, ISBN 0408014911
  • Patterson CS, Kuper HS & Nanney TR 1967, Principles of chemistry, Appleton Century Crofts, New York
  • Pearson WB 1972, The crystal chemistry and physics of metals and alloys, Wiley-Interscience, New York, ISBN 0-471-67540-7
  • Pearson RG & Mawby RJ 1967, "The nature of metal–halogen bonds", in V Gutmann (ed.), Halogen chemistry, Academic Press, pp. 55–84
  • Phifer C 2000, "Ceramics, glass structure and properties", in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 10.1002/0471238961.0712011916080906.a01
  • Phillips CSG & Williams RJP 1965, Inorganic chemistry, I: Principles and non-metals, Clarendon Press, Oxford
  • Piro NA, Figueroa JS, McKellar JT & Troiani CC 2006, "Triple-bond reactivity of diphosphorus molecules", Science, vol. 313, no. 5791, pp. 1276–9, 10.1126/science.1129630
  • Pitzer K 1975, "Fluorides of radon and elements 118", Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, no. 18, pp. 760–1, 10.1039/C3975000760B
  • Raju GG 2005, Gaseous Electronics: Theory and Practice, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, ISBN 978-0-203-02526-0
  • Rao KY 2002, Structural chemistry of glasses, Elsevier, Oxford, ISBN 0080439586
  • Rayner-Canham G 2011, "Isodiagonality in the periodic table", Foundations of Chemistry, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 121–129, 10.1007/s10698-011-9108-y
  • Rayner-Canham G & Overton T 2006, Descriptive inorganic chemistry, 4th ed., WH Freeman, New York, ISBN 0716789639
  • Regnault MV 1853, Elements of chemistry, vol. 1, 2nd ed., Clark & Hesser, Philadelphia
  • Ritter SK 2011, "The case of the missing xenon", Chemical & Engineering News, vol. 89, no. 9, ISSN 0009-2347
  • Rochow EG 1966, The Metalloids, DC Heath and Company, Boston
  • Rodgers GE 2012, Descriptive inorganic, coordination, & solid-state chemistry, 3rd ed., Brooks/Cole, Belmont, California, ISBN 9780840068460
  • Russell AM & Lee KL 2005, Structure-property relations in nonferrous metals, Wiley-Interscience, New York, ISBN 047164952X
  • Scerri E 2013, A tale of seven elements, Oxford University Press, Oxford, ISBN 9780195391312
  • Schaefer JC 1968, "Boron" in CA Hampel (ed.), The encyclopedia of the chemical elements, Reinhold, New York, pp. 73–81
  • Scharfe ME & Schmidlin FW 1975, "Charged pigment xerography", in L Marton (ed.), Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics, vol. 38, Academic Press, New York, ISBN 0-12-014538-3, pp. 93–147
  • Schrobilgen GJ 2011, "radon (Rn)", in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 7 Aug 2011
  • Schulze-Makuch D & Irwin LN 2008, Life in the Universe: Expectations and constraints, 2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 9783540768166
  • Seaborg GT 1969, "Prospects for further considerable extension of the periodic table", Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 626–34, 10.1021/ed046p626
  • Shanabrook BV, Lannin JS & Hisatsune IC 1981, "Inelastic light scattering in a onefold-coordinated amorphous semiconductor", Physical Review Letters, vol. 46, no. 2, 12 January, pp. 130–133
  • Sherwin E & Weston GJ 1966, Chemistry of the non-metallic elements, Pergamon Press, Oxford
  • Shipman JT, Wilson JD & Todd AW 2009, An introduction to physical science, 12th ed., Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, ISBN 9780618935963
  • Siebring BR & Schaff ME 1980, General chemistry, Wadsworth Publishing, Belmont, California
  • Siekierski S & Burgess J 2002, Concise chemistry of the elements, Horwood Press, Chichester, ISBN 1-898563-71-3
  • Silvera I & Walraven JTM 1981, "Monatomic hydrogen – a new stable gas", New Scientist, 22 January
  • Smith MB 2011, Organic Chemistry: An Acid—Base Approach, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, ISBN 978-1-4200-7921-0
  • Stein L 1969, "Oxidized radon in halogen fluoride solutions", Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 19, no. 19, pp. 5396–7, 10.1021/ja01047a042
  • Stein L 1983, "The chemistry of radon", Radiochimica Acta, vol. 32, pp. 163–71
  • Steudel R 1977, Chemistry of the non-metals: With an introduction to atomic structure and chemical bonding, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, ISBN 3110048825
  • Steudel R 2003, "Liquid sulfur", in R Steudel (ed.), Elemental sulfur and sulfur-rich compounds I, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 81–116, ISBN 9783540401919
  • Steudel R & Eckert B 2003, "Solid sulfur allotropes", in R Steudel (ed.), Elemental sulfur and sulfur-rich compounds I, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 1–80, ISBN 9783540401919
  • Steudel R & Strauss E 1984, "Homcyclic selenium molecules and related cations", in HJ Emeleus (ed.), Advances in inorganic chemistry and radiochemistry, vol. 28, Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, pp. 135–167, ISBN 9780080578774
  • Steurer W 2007, "Crystal structures of the elements" in JW Marin (ed.), Concise encyclopedia of the structure of materials, Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 127–45, ISBN 0080451276
  • Stwertka A 2012, A guide to the elements, 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, ISBN 9780199832521
  • Sukys P 1999, Lifting the scientific veil: Science appreciation for the nonscientist, Rowman & Littlefield, Oxford, ISBN 0847696006
  • Szpunar J, Bouyssiere B & Lobinski R 2004, "Advances in analytical methods for speciation of trace elements in the environment", in AV Hirner & H Emons (eds), Organic metal and metalloid species in the environment: Analysis, distribution processes and toxicological evaluation, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 17–40, ISBN 3540208291
  • Taylor MD 1960, First principles of chemistry, Van Nostrand, Princeton, New Jersey
  • Townes CH & Dailey BP 1952, "Nuclear quadrupole effects and electronic structure of molecules in the solid state", Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 20, pp.  35–40, 10.1063/1.1700192
  • Van Setten MJ, Uijttewaal MA, de Wijs GA & Groot RA 2007, 'Thermodynamic Stability of Boron: The Role of Defects and Zero Point Motion', Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 129, no. 9, pp. 2458–65, 10.1021/ja0631246
  • Wells AF 1984, Structural inorganic chemistry, 5th ed., Clarendon Press, Oxfordshire, ISBN 0198553706
  • Wiberg N 2001, Inorganic chemistry, Academic Press, San Diego, ISBN 0123526515
  • Winkler MT 2009, "Non-equilibrium chalcogen concentrations in silicon: Physical structure, electronic transport, and photovoltaic potential", PhD thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Winkler MT, Recht D, Sher M, Said AJ, Mazur E & Aziz MJ 2011, "Insulator-to-metal transition in sulfur-doped silicon", Physical Review Letters, vol. 106, pp. 178701–4
  • Wulfsberg G 1987, Principles of descriptive Inorganic chemistry, Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, Monterey, California ISBN 0-534-07494-4
  • Yoder CH, Suydam FH & Snavely FA 1975, Chemistry, 2nd ed, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, ISBN 978-0-15-506470-6
  • Yousuf M 1998, "Diamond anvil cells in high-pressure studies of semiconductors", in T Suski & W Paul (eds), High pressure in semiconductor physics II, Semiconductors and semimetals, vol. 55, Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 382–436, ISBN 9780080864532
  • Yu PY & Cardona M 2010, Fundamentals of semiconductors: Physics and materials properties, 4th ed., Springer, Heidelberg, ISBN 9783642007101
  • Zumdahl SS & DeCoste DJ 2013, Chemical principles, 7th ed., Brooks/Cole, Belmont, California, ISBN 9781111580650


Nuvola apps edu science.svg Ky artikull nga Kimia është i cunguar. Ti mund të ndihmosh Wikipedian duke e përmirësuar këtë artikull.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Niemetaal
aragonés: No metal
العربية: لا فلز
asturianu: Non metal
azərbaycanca: Qeyri-metallar
беларуская: Неметалы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Немэтал
български: Неметал
বাংলা: অধাতু
bosanski: Nemetal
català: No metall
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k
čeština: Nekovy
Cymraeg: Anfetel
dansk: Ikkemetal
Deutsch: Nichtmetalle
Ελληνικά: Αμέταλλα
English: Nonmetal
Esperanto: Nemetalo
español: No metal
euskara: Ez-metal
فارسی: نافلزها
français: Non-métal
Nordfriisk: Nianmetal
galego: Non metal
Avañe'ẽ: Kuarepoti'ỹ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Fî-kîm-su̍k
עברית: אל-מתכת
हिन्दी: अधातु
hrvatski: Nemetali
magyar: Nemfémek
հայերեն: Ոչ մետաղներ
interlingua: Nonmetallo
Bahasa Indonesia: Nonlogam
íslenska: Málmleysingi
italiano: Non metallo
日本語: 非金属元素
Basa Jawa: Nonlogam
ქართული: არალითონები
қазақша: Бейметалдар
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಲೋಹಗಳು
한국어: 비금속
Latina: Non-metalla
lumbaart: Minga metàj
latviešu: Nemetāli
македонски: Неметал
മലയാളം: അലോഹം
Bahasa Melayu: Bukan logam
မြန်မာဘာသာ: Nonmetal
Plattdüütsch: Nichmetall
Nederlands: Niet-metaal
norsk nynorsk: Ikkje-metall
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਧਾਤ
polski: Niemetale
português: Não metal
Runa Simi: Mana q'illay
română: Nemetal
русский: Неметаллы
sicilianu: Nun mitallu
Scots: Nonmetal
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nemetali
සිංහල: අලෝහ
Simple English: Nonmetal
slovenčina: Nekov
slovenščina: Nekovina
Soomaaliga: Bir Ma Ahe
српски / srpski: Неметал
svenska: Icke-metall
தமிழ்: அலோகம்
తెలుగు: అలోహం
ไทย: อโลหะ
Türkçe: Ametal
українська: Неметали
Tiếng Việt: Phi kim
isiXhosa: I-nonmetal
ייִדיש: נישט-מעטאל
文言: 非金屬
Bân-lâm-gú: Hui-kim-sio̍k