Afakadho

Kani waa maqaal ku saabsan midhaha afakadho.
Boga "avocado" halkan ayaa laga soo toosiyay
Afakadho
Xaalad xilliyeed: 15–0Ma
PreЄ
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Badhtame Miocene – Hada
Close-up picture of foliage and avocado fruit
Midhaha afakaadhaha
Abla-ablayn cilmi ah
Boqortooyo:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperm
(unranked):Magnoliid
Gacal:Laurales
Dir:Lauraceae
Sinji:Persea
Jinsi:P. americana
Tibix laba magac
Persea americana
Philip Miller
Magac macna wadaag
  • Laurus persea L.
  • Persea americana var. angustifolia Miranda [1]

Afokadho (Af-Ingiriis: avocado; Af-Carabi: أفوكادو) magaca Saynis "Persea americana" waa geed asal ku ah wadanka Meksiko iyo Bartamaha Ameerika,[2] kaasi oo ka tirsan dhirta ubaxleyda ah nooca loo yaqaano "Laurakeae". Midhaha afakaadhuhu wuxuu leeyahay hilib cagaaran iyo laf weyn dhexda ugu jirta.[3]

Geedka afakaadhuhu waa mid aad ugu fiican ganacsiga waxaana laga beeraa deegaanada leh cimilo diiran ee caalamka oo dhan. Maqaarka sare ee midhaah afakaadhuhu waa cagaar madoow xiga, wuxuuna leeyahay qaabka wareegsan oo aad ugu dhow sida ukunta oo kale ah. Midhaha waxaa inta ugu badan laga soo guraa geedka afakaadhaha ayagoo ceyriin ah, waxayna ku bislaadaan meheradaha lagu gado.

Guud ahaan, midhaha afakaadhuhu waa mid leh nafaqo badan oo jidhka dadku u baahan yahay. Waxa midhaha afakaadhahu caan ku yahay duxda aan ahayn mid xayawaan ee loo yaqaano "pro-saturated fats". Faa'iidooyinka afakaadhaha waxa ka mid ah fiitamiino, fiber, borotiin iyo dux.


  • qoraalka gudaha oo kooban

Qoraalka gudaha oo kooban

Taariikh

Geedka afakaadhuhu wuxuu leeyahay noocyo kala duwan

Geedka afakadhaha, saynis ahaan loo yaqaano Persea americana, waxaa ka aaminsan yahay inuu asal ahaan ka soo jeedo deegaanada Buebla ee wadanka Meksiko,[4] waxaase la sheegay in dhir u nooc dhow laga helay meelo badan oo kale sida waqooyiga Kalifornia, Maraykanka wakhti cimilada deegaanadaasi ahayd mid aad ugu haboon bixitaanka geedkaasi.[5]

Jaadyada afakaadhaha aan la dhaqanin oo Saynis ahaan loo yaqaano kriollo, waa mid ka yar xajmi ahaan, leh qolof madoow xigta, waxaanay leedahay laf aad u weyn.[6]

Si kastaba ha ahaatee geedka afakaadhuhu wuxuu caalamka ku fiday wakhtiyadii gumeystihii reer Yurub gaadhay qaarada Ameerika, ka dib gaadhsiiyeen deegaanadii kale eey gumeysanayeen. Maanta wuxuu ka baxaa wadano badan oo caalamka ah, waxaana meelo badan uu ka mid yahay cuntada maalin walba ee dad badan ku nool yihiin.

Magaca

Asal ahaan ereyga "afakaadho" wuxuu ka yimid erey Isbaanish ah aguakate, kaasi oo iyaga laftoodu ka soo amaahdeen luuqada Nahuatl ee dadka asal ahaan loogu tagay qaaradaha Ameerika.[7] [8]

Muuqaalka

Qoraalo La Xidhiidha


Tixraac

  1. "Persea americana Mill., The Plant List, Version 1". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. 
  2. Chen, H.; Morrell, P. L.; Ashworth, V. E. T. M.; De La Cruz, M.; Clegg, M. T. (2008). "Tracing the Geographic Origins of Major Avocado Cultivars". Journal of Heredity. 100 (1): 56–65. 18779226. 10.1093/jhered/esn068. 
  3. Storey, W. B. "What kind of fruit is the avocado?" (PDF). California Avocado Society 1973–74 Yearbook. 57: 70–71. 
  4. Galindo-Tovar, María Elena 5, Arzate-Fernández, Amaury M., Ogata-Aguilar, Nisao, and Landero-Torres, Ivonne (2007). "The Avocado (Persea Americana, Lauraceae) Crop in Mesoamerica: 10,000 Years of History". Harvard Papers in Botany. Harvard University Herbaria. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  5. "Fossil avocado leaves found in California" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-08-25. 
  6. Villanueva, M. and Verti, S. "El aguacate: Oro verde de México, orgullo de Michoacán" (PDF). Gobierno del Estado de Michoacán. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  7. Nahuatl Dictionary/Diccionario del náhuatl. Whp.uoregon.edu. Retrieved on 2013-07-25.
  8. Dakin, Karen (1982) (in es). La evolución fonológica del Protonáhuatl. México D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas. p. 210. ISBN 968-5802-92-0. 10216962. 
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Other Languages
Afrikaans: Avokado
አማርኛ: አቡካዶ
العربية: أفوكادو
অসমীয়া: আভাকাডো
asturianu: Persea americana
azərbaycanca: Amerika avokadosu
Bikol Central: Abukado
беларуская: Авакада
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Авакада
български: Авокадо
Bislama: Avoka
català: Alvocat
Cebuano: Abokado
Chamoru: Alagatapeha'
Cymraeg: Afocado
dansk: Avocado
Deutsch: Avocado
Ελληνικά: Αβοκάντο
English: Avocado
Esperanto: Avokado
euskara: Ahuakateondo
فارسی: آووکادو
suomi: Avokado
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Pea
français: Avocatier
Nordfriisk: Avokaado
Gaeilge: Abhacád
galego: Aguacate
עברית: אבוקדו
हिन्दी: रूचिरा
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pye zaboka
magyar: Avokádó
հայերեն: Ավոկադո
interlingua: Persea americana
Bahasa Indonesia: Apokat
íslenska: Lárpera
日本語: アボカド
Basa Jawa: Apokat
ქართული: ავოკადო
қазақша: Авокадо
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಆವಕಾಡೊ
한국어: 아보카도
Перем Коми: Авокадо
kurdî: Avokado
коми: Авокадо
Кыргызча: Авокадо
Ladino: Avokado
лакку: Авокадо
lingála: Sabúká
latviešu: Avokado
Basa Banyumasan: Apokat
Baso Minangkabau: Alpukat
മലയാളം: വെണ്ണപ്പഴം
кырык мары: Авокадо
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok Avokado
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ထောပတ်ပင်
Nāhuatl: Ahuacacuahuitl
Nederlands: Avocado
norsk nynorsk: Avokado
norsk: Avokado
Sesotho sa Leboa: Abokato
Diné bizaad: Chʼil akʼahí
Kapampangan: Abukadu
پنجابی: ایووکیڈو
português: Persea americana
Runa Simi: Palta
română: Avocado
русский: Авокадо
Kinyarwanda: Avoka
Scots: Avocado
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Avokado
Simple English: Avocado
slovenščina: Avokadovec
shqip: Avokado
српски / srpski: Авокадо
Seeltersk: Avocado
Basa Sunda: Alpuket
svenska: Avokado
Kiswahili: Mparachichi
తెలుగు: అవకాడో
тоҷикӣ: Авокодо
ትግርኛ: ኣቮካዶ
Tagalog: Abukado
lea faka-Tonga: ʻĀvoka
Türkçe: Avokado
татарча/tatarça: Авокадо
chiTumbuka: Mapeyala
reo tahiti: Âvōta
удмурт: Авокадо
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاۋكادۇر
українська: Авокадо
Tiếng Việt: Bơ (thực vật)
Winaray: Abokado
მარგალური: ავოკადო
ייִדיש: אוואקאדא
中文: 鳄梨
Bân-lâm-gú: A-bú-khá-loh
粵語: 牛油果