Zulu people

Zulu people
AmaZulu
Total population
~ 12,159,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
 South Africa10,659,309 (2001 census)
to 12,559,000[1][2]
 Lesotho324,000[1]
 Zimbabwe167,000[1]
 Swaziland107,000[1]
 Malawi66,000[1]
 Botswana5,900[1]
 Mozambique6,000[1]
Languages
Zulu
(many also speak English, Portuguese, Afrikaans and Xhosa)
Religion
Christianity, Zulu religion
Related ethnic groups
Nguni, Xhosa, Swazi, Ndebele, other Bantu peoples
 person umZulu
 people amaZulu
 language isiZulu
 country kwaZulu

The Zulu are the largest ethnic group in South Africa. There are 10-11 million Zulu living in South Africa, mostly in KwaZulu-Natal province. However, a small number of Zulu also live in Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique. The Zulu language, called isiZulu, is a Bantu language of the Nguni subgroup.

The Zulu Kingdom was very important in South African history during the 1800s and 1900s. During Apartheid, the Zulu people were third-class citizens and suffered from official discrimination. Today the Zulu people are the largest ethnic group in South Africa and have equal rights.

Beginning

The Zulu were originally a major clan in the area that is today Northern KwaZulu-Natal. The Zulu clan was started around the year 1709 by Zulu kaNtombhela. In the Nguni languages, the words iZulu, iliZulu, and liTulu mean heaven, or sky.[3]

In the early 1700s, many large Nguni communities and clans lived in the area. These groups were called isizwe (nations) and isibongo (clans). These Nguni communities had migrated down the East coast of Africa over thousands of years. These movements of people were called the Bantu migrations. They probably arrived in what is today South Africa in the 800s.

Shaka, king of the Zulu. An engraving based on a sketch by Lt. James King, a merchant in Port Natal.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Zoeloes
العربية: زولو
asturianu: Pueblu zulú
azərbaycanca: Zulular
تۆرکجه: زولو‌لار
Bân-lâm-gú: Zulu-cho̍k
беларуская: Зулусы
български: Зулу
བོད་ཡིག: ཙོ་ལུའུ་པ།
brezhoneg: Zouloued
català: Zulus
čeština: Zulové
Cymraeg: Zulu
dansk: Zuluer
Deutsch: Zulu (Volk)
Ελληνικά: Ζουλού
English: Zulu people
español: Pueblo zulú
Esperanto: Zuluoj
euskara: Zulu
فارسی: زولو
français: Zoulous
Gaeilge: Súlúigh
galego: Pobo zulú
한국어: 줄루족
հայերեն: Զուլուսներ
हिन्दी: ज़ुलु लोग
hrvatski: Zulu
Bahasa Indonesia: Suku Zulu
isiZulu: AmaZulu
italiano: Zulu
עברית: זולו
ქართული: ზულუ
қазақша: Зулустар
Kiswahili: Wazulu
Кыргызча: Зулу
кырык мары: Зулувлӓ
лакку: Зулу
latviešu: Zulu
Lëtzebuergesch: Zulu (Vollek)
lietuvių: Zulai
lingála: Zulu
magyar: Zuluk
मराठी: झुलू
Bahasa Melayu: Zulu
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဇူးလူးလူမျိုး
Nederlands: Zoeloes
日本語: ズールー人
norsk: Zulu
norsk nynorsk: Zuluar
occitan: Zolos
polski: Zulusi
português: Zulus
română: Zulu
русский: Зулусы
Scots: Zulu fowk
Sesotho: Mazulu
shqip: Zulu
Soomaaliga: Dadka Zulu
српски / srpski: Зулу
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zulu
suomi: Zulut
svenska: Zulu
ไทย: ซูลู
Türkçe: Zulular
українська: Зулуси
Vahcuengh: Cujluj
vèneto: Zulu
Tiếng Việt: Người Zulu
Yorùbá: Zulu
粵語: 祖魯人
中文: 祖魯族