West Bengal

West Bengal
পশ্চিমবঙ্গ
State of India
Flag of West Bengal
Flag
Official seal of West Bengal
Seal
Nickname(s): বাংলা, বঙ্গ
A map showing us where the location of West Bengal is in India
A map showing us where the location of West Bengal is in India
Map of West Bengal
Map of West Bengal
Country   India
Region East India
Established 1 November 1956
Government
 •  Governor Kesari Nath Tripathi
 •  Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee
 •  Legislature * seats)
Area
 • Total 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 91,347,736
Time zone IST ( UTC+05:30)
Official languages Bengali · Nepali · only for Darjeeling district, English
^*  294 elected, 1 nominated

West Bengal ( Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ is a state in India. It is in the eastern part of the country. West Bengal is the fourth most populous state in India. [1] It is also the seventh most populous sub-national entity in the world. [1] West Bengal is the sixth largest contributor to India's GDP. [2]

Both West Bengal and Bangladesh are parts of historical and geographic region of Bengal. Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal. In 2001, 80,221,171 people lived in West Bengal. With an area of 34,267 mi² (88,752 km²), it is bigger than Serbia but smaller than Jordan. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the East Indian zone.

West Bengal has a tropical climate, so it is very hot and humid in summer and cool in winter. The people who live here are called Bengalis. Bengalis also live in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is a country to the east of West Bengal

History

All of India was once ruled by the British Empire. The Indians wanted freedom, but the Hindus and the Muslims of India always argued. So it was decided to divide the country into two parts—one part for Muslims and the other part for Hindus. In 1947 Bengal, which was a province of India, was divided into West Bengal and East Bengal,which is now called Bangladesh. West Bengal went to India, and East Bengal went to Pakistan and was called East Pakistan. In 1971, Bangladesh became independent, as a result of the Bangladesh Liberation War.

Famous people from West Bengal include:

  • Vivekananda
  • Rabindranath Tagore
  • Satyendranath Bose
  • Surendranath Banerjee
  • Jagadish Chandra Bose
  • Vidyasagar
  • Shibdas Bhaburi
  • Khudiram Bose
  • Shyama Prasad Mukherjee
  • Satyajit Ray
  • Ritwik Ghatak
  • Pradeep Kumar Banerjee
  • Victor Banerjee
  • Kishore Kumar Ganguly
  • Biswajit Chatterjee
  • Bappi Lahiri
  • Michael Madhusudhan Dutta
  • Rahul Dev Burman
  • Sourav Ganguly
  • Pranab Mukherjee
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wes-Bengale
Ænglisc: West Bengal
অসমীয়া: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ
تۆرکجه: باتی بنقال
Bân-lâm-gú: West Bengal
беларуская: Заходняя Бенгалія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Заходняя Бэнгалія
भोजपुरी: पश्चिम बंगाल
brezhoneg: Kornôg Bengal
Cebuano: West Bengal
Deutsch: Westbengalen
ދިވެހިބަސް: ވެސްޓު ބެންގާލް
Ελληνικά: Δυτική Βεγγάλη
English: West Bengal
Fiji Hindi: West Bengal
ગુજરાતી: પશ્ચિમ બંગાળ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Ostont Bongal
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sî Bengal
한국어: 서벵골 주
hrvatski: Zapadni Bengal
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ
Bahasa Indonesia: Benggala Barat
íslenska: Vestur-Bengal
עברית: מערב בנגל
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: مغربی بنگال
қазақша: Батыс Бенгал
Kiswahili: West Bengal
لۊری شومالی: بأنگال أفتونئشین
latviešu: Rietumbengāle
Lëtzebuergesch: Westbengalen
македонски: Западен Бенгал
მარგალური: ბჟადალი ბენგალი
Bahasa Melayu: Benggala Barat
монгол: Өрнө Бенгал
Nederlands: West-Bengalen
नेपाल भाषा: पश्चिम बंगाल
norsk nynorsk: Vest-Bengal
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gʻarbiy bengaliya
پنجابی: لیندا بنگال
português: Bengala Ocidental
Qaraqalpaqsha: Batıs Bengal (shtat)
Runa Simi: Kunti Banla
slovenščina: Zahodna Bengalija
српски / srpski: Западни Бенгал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zapadni Bengal
svenska: Västbengalen
Tagalog: West Bengal
Türkçe: Batı Bengal
Türkmençe: West Bengal
українська: Західний Бенгал
Tiếng Việt: Tây Bengal