War

Painting of Pier Gerlofs Donia and Wijerd Jelckama fighting for the freedom of his people

War is a situation or a period of fighting between countries or groups of people.[1] A war generally involves the use of weapons, a military organization and soldiers. War is a situation in which a nation enforces its rights by using force.[2] Not every armed conflict is a war. A fight between individuals, between gangs, drug cartels, etc. is not considered a war.[3] However, most wars are called armed conflicts. International humanitarian law is a set of rules that tries to limit the effects of wars.[4] International Humanitarian Law recognizes two kinds of wars. These are:

  • "International armed conflicts" between two or more states.[5]
  • "Non-international armed conflicts" as being between a government and a group that is not a government or one that is between two such groups.[5]

Karl von Clausewitz wrote in his classic book, On War, that "war is a mere continuation of policy with other means.”[a][6] Clausewitz viewed war as a political instrument.[8] His book about military philosophy remains the most influential work on the history and strategy of war.[9] An earlier authority on war was Sun Tzu.[8] In his book The Art of War, Sun Tzu saw war as a necessary evil.[8] It was something people do.[8]

Wars have been fought to control natural resources, for religious or cultural reasons and over political balances of power.[10] They have been fought over legitimacy (correctness) of particular laws. They have been fought to settle arguments about land or money, and many other issues. The reasons behind any war are often very complex.[11] While a war can start for just about any reason, there is usually more than one cause.[12]

War and the beginning of nations

From the earliest times, individual states or political factions have used war to gain sovereignty over regions.[13] In one of the earliest civilizations in history, Mesopotamia, they were in a near constant state of war.[13] Ancient Egypt during its Early Dynastic Period came about by war when Lower and Upper Egypt were joined together as one country, about 3100 BC.[13] The Zhou Dynasty ruled Ancient China came to power in 1046 through war.[14] Scipio Africanus (236-183 BCE) defeated Carthage leading Ancient Rome to begin a conquest of the known world.[13] Philip II of Macedon (382-336 BCE) united a group of city-states to become Ancient Greece.[13]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oorlog
Alemannisch: Krieg
አማርኛ: ጦርነት
العربية: حرب
aragonés: Guerra
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܩܪܒܐ
armãneashti: Polimu
asturianu: Guerra
azərbaycanca: Müharibə
تۆرکجه: ساواش
বাংলা: যুদ্ধ
Bân-lâm-gú: Chiàn-cheng
Basa Banyumasan: Perang
башҡортса: Һуғыш
беларуская: Вайна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вайна
български: Война
བོད་ཡིག: དམག་འཁྲུག
bosanski: Rat
brezhoneg: Brezel
буряад: Дайн
català: Guerra
Чӑвашла: Вăрçă
Cebuano: Gubat
čeština: Válka
Chamoru: Gera
chiShona: Hondo
Cymraeg: Rhyfel
dansk: Krig
Deitsch: Grieg
Deutsch: Krieg
eesti: Sõda
Ελληνικά: Πόλεμος
English: War
эрзянь: Тюрема
español: Guerra
Esperanto: Milito
estremeñu: Guerra
euskara: Gerra
فارسی: جنگ
Fiji Hindi: Yudh
français: Guerre
Frysk: Oarloch
furlan: Vuere
Gaeilge: Cogadh
Gàidhlig: Cogadh
galego: Guerra
贛語: 打仗
한국어: 전쟁
Հայերեն: Պատերազմ
हिन्दी: युद्ध
hrvatski: Rat
Ilokano: Gubat
Bahasa Indonesia: Perang
interlingua: Guerra
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᑭᕋᖅᑑᑎᔪᑦ
isiXhosa: Imfazwe
íslenska: Stríð
italiano: Guerra
עברית: מלחמה
Basa Jawa: Perang
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಯುದ್ಧ
къарачай-малкъар: Къазауат
ქართული: ომი
қазақша: Соғыс
Kiswahili: Vita
коми: Тыш
Kongo: Vita
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lagè
kurdî: Şer
Кыргызча: Согуш
Latina: Bellum
latviešu: Karš
Lëtzebuergesch: Krich
lietuvių: Karas
Limburgs: Krieg
lingála: Etumba
lumbaart: Guerra
magyar: Háború
македонски: Војна
മലയാളം: യുദ്ധം
मराठी: युद्ध
მარგალური: ლჷმა
مصرى: حرب
Bahasa Melayu: Peperangan
Baso Minangkabau: Parang
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ciéng-cĕng
Mirandés: Guerra
монгол: Дайн
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စစ်ပွဲ
Nederlands: Oorlog
Nedersaksies: Kraig
नेपाल भाषा: हताः
日本語: 戦争
нохчийн: ТӀом
norsk: Krig
norsk nynorsk: Krig
Nouormand: Dgèrre
occitan: Guèrra
олык марий: Сар
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Urush
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੰਗ
پنجابی: لڑائی
پښتو: جگړه
Patois: Waar
Piemontèis: Guèra
Plattdüütsch: Krieg
polski: Wojna
português: Guerra
Ripoarisch: Kreech
română: Război
Runa Simi: Maqanakuy
русиньскый: Война
русский: Война
саха тыла: Сэрии
संस्कृतम्: युद्धम्
Scots: War
shqip: Lufta
sicilianu: Guerra
සිංහල: යුද්ධ
سنڌي: جنگ
slovenčina: Vojna
slovenščina: Vojna
کوردی: جەنگ
српски / srpski: Рат
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rat
Basa Sunda: Bitotama
suomi: Sota
svenska: Krig
Tagalog: Digmaan
தமிழ்: போர்
татарча/tatarça: Сугыш
తెలుగు: యుద్ధం
тоҷикӣ: Ҷанг
Türkçe: Savaş
українська: Війна
اردو: جنگ
vèneto: Guera
vepsän kel’: Soda
Tiếng Việt: Chiến tranh
Võro: Sõda
walon: Guere
Winaray: Gerá
吴语: 打仗
Xitsonga: Nyimpi
ייִדיש: מלחמה
Yorùbá: Ogun
粵語: 打仗
žemaitėška: Vaina
中文: 战争
ГӀалгӀай: ТIом
Kabɩyɛ: You