Volleyball

A competitive women's volleyball match. The ball is a blur above the net
Italy-Russia match. Position of ball is unclear

Volleyball is a team sport. The teams are separated by a large net. It has six players on each side of the net. Each team is allowed twelve substitution players. The game starts when the captain from each team decides which side of the court they will play on, by the toss of a coin, which also determines who will serve (hit) the ball first. The point of the game is to keep the ball in the air. The ball can be played with any part of the body, with a maximum of three strokes a team. If at any point the ball hits the floor, the side that the ball landed on it is a point for the other team.

History

In 1895, William G. Morgan invented a new game called "Mintonette". However, when an observer named Alfred Halstead saw the game being played, he noticed the volleying action used to get the ball over the net, so he decided to change the name to "volleyball".

Morgan wanted to create a skilled activity, which required more players, less space, and less exertion than basketball. The first net was a “rope” and the first ball was a basketball air bladder. Until 1960, men and women played with different rules. Now the rules are the same except for the height of the net, the men’s net is higher.

A player cannot hit the ball twice. A point is gained when a team plays the ball in the opposition's court and the ball is not defended, therefore it lands within the court. The ball must be served (hit) from outside the court, otherwise it will be regarded as a foul. The game is played in sets of 25 points (sometimes 21). The team that reaches 25 (or 21) points first, wins the set. Each game consists of 3-5 sets (or the first one to 3 in middle school). The fifth set is played to 15 points.

A player usually wears knee pads to protect their knees from becoming bruised during dives for the volleyball. In order to win the game, the winners must be ahead by 2 points or the game goes on until you win by 2 points.

The sports governing body is the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB). Digging is the ability to prevent the ball from touching one's court after a spike or attack, particularly a ball that is nearly touching the ground. Usually, the player is diving (throwing themselves towards the ground) to be the barrier to block the ball from hitting the court.In many aspects, this skill is similar to passing, or bumping: overhand dig and bump are also used to distinguish between defensive actions taken with fingertips or with joined arms.

Some specific techniques are more common in digging than in passing. A player may sometimes perform a "dive", i.e., throw his or her body in the air with a forward movement in an attempt to save the ball, and land on his or her chest. When the player also slides his or her hand under a ball that is almost touching the court, this is called a "pancake". The pancake is frequently used in indoor volleyball. Besides being one of the best-known sports in the world, and being a favorite to millions of people, it is in the Olympics.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Vlugbal
Ænglisc: Flēogeball
العربية: كرة طائرة
aragonés: Voleibol
অসমীয়া: ভলিবল
asturianu: Voleibol
azərbaycanca: Voleybol
تۆرکجه: والیبال
বাংলা: ভলিবল
Bân-lâm-gú: Pâi-kiû
башҡортса: Волейбол
беларуская: Валейбол
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Валейбол
Bislama: Volley ball
български: Волейбол
Boarisch: Volleyboi
bosanski: Odbojka
català: Voleibol
Чӑвашла: Волейбол
čeština: Volejbal
Cymraeg: Pêl-foli
dansk: Volleyball
Deutsch: Volleyball
eesti: Võrkpall
Ελληνικά: Πετοσφαίριση
English: Volleyball
español: Voleibol
Esperanto: Flugpilkado
euskara: Boleibol
فارسی: والیبال
føroyskt: Flogbóltur
français: Volley-ball
Frysk: Follybal
galego: Voleibol
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: व्हॉलीबॉल
한국어: 배구
հայերեն: Վոլեյբոլ
हिन्दी: वालीबॉल
hrvatski: Odbojka
Bahasa Indonesia: Bola voli
íslenska: Blak
italiano: Pallavolo
עברית: כדורעף
Basa Jawa: Voli
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವಾಲಿಬಾಲ್
ქართული: ფრენბურთი
қазақша: Волейбол
Kinyarwanda: Wasan kwallon raga
Kiswahili: Voliboli
коми: Тывсяр
Kreyòl ayisyen: Volebòl
Кыргызча: Волейбол
лакку: Волейбол
latviešu: Volejbols
Lëtzebuergesch: Volleyball
lietuvių: Tinklinis
magyar: Röplabda
македонски: Одбојка
മലയാളം: വോളീബോൾ
მარგალური: ფურინბურთი
Bahasa Melayu: Bola tampar
Baso Minangkabau: Bola voli
монгол: Волейбол
Nāhuatl: Pallavollo
Nederlands: Volleybal
Nedersaksies: Volleybal
नेपाली: भलिबल
norsk: Volleyball
norsk nynorsk: Volleyball
occitan: Voleibòl
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Voleybol
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਾਲੀਬਾਲ
پنجابی: والیبال
Papiamentu: Volleyball
پښتو: واليبال
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បាល់ទះ
Plattdüütsch: Volleyball
português: Voleibol
Qaraqalpaqsha: Voleybol
română: Volei
rumantsch: Ballarait
Runa Simi: Makiyasiy
русский: Волейбол
Gagana Samoa: Volipolo
संस्कृतम्: वालीबाल्-क्रीडा
shqip: Volejbolli
sicilianu: Pallavvolu
සිංහල: වොලිබෝල්
slovenčina: Volejbal
slovenščina: Odbojka
کوردی: بالە
српски / srpski: Одбојка
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Odbojka
Basa Sunda: Bola Voli
suomi: Lentopallo
svenska: Volleyboll
Tagalog: Volleyball
татарча/tatarça: Волейбол
తెలుగు: వాలీబాల్
Türkçe: Voleybol
Türkmençe: Woleýbol
тыва дыл: Волейбол
українська: Волейбол
اردو: والی بال
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ۋالىبول
Vahcuengh: Baizgiuz
vèneto: Bałavoło
Tiếng Việt: Bóng chuyền
walon: Volebal
Yorùbá: Volleyball
粵語: 排球
žemaitėška: Tėnklėnis
中文: 排球
डोटेली: भलिबल