Virginia Beach, Virginia

Virginia Beach, Virginia
Independent city
City of Virginia Beach
Aerial view of Virginia Beach
Aerial view of Virginia Beach
Flag of Virginia Beach, Virginia
Flag
Official seal of Virginia Beach, Virginia
Seal
Nickname(s): "The Resort City", "Neptune City"
Motto(s): Landmarks of Our Nation's Beginning
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Virginia Beach, Virginia is located in the US
Virginia Beach, Virginia
Virginia Beach, Virginia
Location in the contiguous United States
Coordinates: 36°51′02″N 75°58′40″W / 36°51′02″N 75°58′40″W / 36.8506; -75.9779
Country United States
State Virginia
CountyNone (Independent city)
Incorporated (as town)1906
Incorporated (as city)1952
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • MayorLouis R. Jones
Area
 • Independent city1,290 km2 (497 sq mi)
 • Land640 km2 (249 sq mi)
 • Water640 km2 (248 sq mi)
Elevation3 m (10 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Independent city452,745 (41st)
 • Density702/km2 (1,818/sq mi)
 • Urban1,212,000
 • Metro1,724,876 (37th)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s)757
FIPS code51-82000[1]
GNIS feature ID1500261[2]
Websitewww.vbgov.com

Virginia Beach is an American city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The city is in the South Hampton Roads area on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest city in Virginia. It is the 42nd largest city in the United States. There are people living there.[3]

Virginia Beach is a part of the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News metropolitan area. The area also includes the cities of Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Suffolk, as well as other smaller cities, counties and towns of Hampton Roads. The area is known as "America's First Region."

Virginia Beach is best known as a resort town. It has miles of beaches and hundreds of hotels, motels, and restaurants along the Atlantic Ocean and Chesapeake Bay. It is also home to several state parks, three military bases, a number of large corporations, and two universities. It was the site of the first landing of English colonists going to Jamestown.

The city is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as having the longest pleasure beach in the world and. It is also at the southern end of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel, the longest bridge-tunnel in the world.

History

Native Americans

Chesepians were the Native American (American Indian) people living in the area now known as South Hampton Roads in Virginia during the time the English settlers came in 1607. They lived in an area which is now the cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth, Chesapeake and Virginia Beach.

The Chesepians had two other towns (or villages), Apasus and Chesepioc. Both were near the Chesapeake Bay in what is now Virginia Beach. Archaeologists and other people have found many Native American artifacts, for example arrowheads, stone axes, pottery, beads, and skeletons in the area.

First landing, Adam Thoroughgood

Cape Henry from the air, facing ESE

In 1607, after traveling by ocean for 144 days, three ships headed by Captain Christopher Newport came to land where the Atlantic Ocean meets the southern mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. This point is in the northeastern part of the city. They named it Cape Henry, after Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, the oldest son of King James I of England. They then left the area to find a place farther inland where ships from other European countries would not find them. They created their first settlement at Jamestown.

Adam Thoroughgood (1604-1640) of Norfolk, England is one of the first Englishmen to settle in the area which became Virginia Beach.

In 1634, the Colony was divided into shires. They were soon renamed counties. It is said that Thoroughgood used the name of his home in England when helping name New Norfolk County in 1637. The following year, New Norfolk County was split into Upper Norfolk County (soon renamed Nansemond County) and Lower Norfolk County. Thoroughgood chose to live along the Lynnhaven River, also named for his home in England. Lower Norfolk County was very big. It stretched all the way from the Atlantic Ocean west past the Elizabeth River. It included the entire area that is now the cities of Portsmouth, Norfolk, Chesapeake, and Virginia Beach.

Princess Anne County: 1691-1963

In 1691, Lower Norfolk County was divided to form Norfolk County to the west and Princess Anne County to the east. Princess Anne included all the area from North Carolina border to Cape Henry at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay along the Atlantic Ocean. Princess Anne County existed from 1691 to 1963, over 250 years.

Virginia Beach: growth of a resort

The small resort area of Virginia Beach began to grow in Princess Anne County in the late 19th century. This growth was helped in 1888 when rail service and electricity started in the area.

The resort was dependent upon railroad and electric trolley service at first. The concrete Virginia Beach Boulevard from Norfolk to the Oceanfront was completed in 1922. It let people get to the oceanfront in automobiles, buses, and trucks. The resort of Virginia Beach became an incorporated town in 1906. Over the next 45 years, Virginia Beach became more popular as a summer vacation spot. Virginia Beach became a small independent city in 1952. It was politically independent from Princess Anne County. In 1963, Virginia Beach and Princess Anne county merged into a new, much larger independent city keeping the name of the Virginia Beach resort.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Virciniya Biç
bamanankan: Virginia Beach
Bân-lâm-gú: Virginia Beach
беларуская: Вірджынія-Біч
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вірджынія-Біч
български: Вирджиния Бийч
Boarisch: Virginia Beach
brezhoneg: Virginia Beach
čeština: Virginia Beach
español: Virginia Beach
Esperanto: Virginia Beach
français: Virginia Beach
Հայերեն: Վիրջինիա Բիչ
Bahasa Indonesia: Virginia Beach
italiano: Virginia Beach
Kreyòl ayisyen: Vijini Beach, Vijini
Кыргызча: Виргиния-Бич
кырык мары: Вирджини-Бич
lumbaart: Virginia Beach
Bahasa Melayu: Virginia Beach
Nederlands: Virginia Beach
Plattdüütsch: Virginia Beach
português: Virginia Beach
română: Virginia Beach
slovenčina: Virginia Beach
српски / srpski: Вирџинија Бич
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Virginia Beach, Virginia
українська: Вірджинія-Біч
Tiếng Việt: Virginia Beach
Volapük: Virginia Beach
Yorùbá: Virginia Beach