Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
República Bolivariana de Venezuela (
Traditional: Dios y Federación
[God and the Federation]
Glory to the Brave People
and largest city
• Vice President
|5 July 1811|
|13 January 1830|
|30 March 1845|
• Current constitution
|20 December 1999|
|916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) (|
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
• 2001 census
|30.2/km2 (78.2/sq mi) (|
• Per capita
• Per capita
|Currency||Bolívar fuerte (|
^ The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the new Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of
^ The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
^ Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
^ On 1 January 2008 a new bolivar, the bolívar fuerte (ISO 4217 code VEF), worth 1,000 VEB, was introduced.
Venezuela is a
Ancient Venezuelans came from the east, west, south, and north.
Venezuela's inhabitants are very racially mixed. This comes from the colonial period. When whites (the British, Spaniards, French, etc.) conquered America's territory, they took their black African slaves to America to work. During Venezuela's colonial time, black people did not have any rights. They just worked for food. The native people were taught
Some other languages spoken in Venezuela are Carib, Guahibo, Warao,
Venezuela's modern history was shaped by a number of people, including President Romulo Betancourt, who replaced a military dictatorship with a democracy. By the 1970s, Venezuela had become rich off of oil revenue, but it had problems in the 1980s and 1990s. In 1999 Hugo Chávez became president and tried to remake Venezuela as a socialist state. While popular at first, the economic changes Chavez and the next president, Maduro passed caused a massive economic depression in the mid 2010s.
Venezuela is famous for being the home of