Venezuela

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela[1]
República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
Coat of arms of Venezuela
Coat of arms
Motto: Ninguno
[None]
Traditional: Dios y Federación
[God and the Federation]
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo  (Spanish)
Glory to the Brave People
Venezuela
Venezuela
Capital
and largest city
Caracas
Official languagesSpanish[2]
National languageSpanish[2]
Ethnic groups
DemonymVenezuelan
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Nicolás Maduro Moros
• Vice President
Elías Jaua
Independence
• from Spain
5 July 1811
• from Gran Colombia
13 January 1830
• Recognized
30 March 1845
• Current constitution
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) (33rd)
• Water (%)
0.32[3]
Population
• 2011 estimate
27,150.095 (43rd)
• 2001 census
23,054,985
• Density
30.2/km2 (78.2/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$346.973 billion[1]
• Per capita
$11,889[1]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$285.214 billion[1]
• Per capita
$9,773[1]
Gini (2010)39[2]
medium
HDI (2011)Increase 0.735
high · [3]
CurrencyBolívar fuerte[4] (VEF)
Time zoneVET (UTC– 4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+58
ISO 3166 codeVE
Internet TLD.ve
^  The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the new Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
^  The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
^  Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
^  On 1 January 2008 a new bolivar, the bolívar fuerte (ISO 4217 code VEF), worth 1,000 VEB, was introduced.
LocationVenezuela.png

Venezuela is a country in northern South America. Its official name is República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela). The official language is Spanish, and its capital is Caracas. Venezuela produces a large amount of oil every year, and has one of the largest oil supplies in the world.

Ancient Venezuelans came from the east, west, south, and north. Christopher Columbus was the first European to set foot on the land, but there were already natives living there for a long time. The Spaniards first conquered Venezuela. Slaves were imported from Africa.

Venezuela's inhabitants are very racially mixed. This comes from the colonial period. When whites (the British, Spaniards, French, etc.) conquered America's territory, they took their black African slaves to America to work. During Venezuela's colonial time, black people did not have any rights. They just worked for food. The native people were taught Roman Catholicism. For a long time, white creoles, people in Venezuela that were descended from Spaniards but considered Venezuela home, headed society. The Venezuelan people did not like that, and started thinking about independence. On July 24, 1823, Venezuela won its independence, led by Simón Bolívar. The current president is Nicolás Maduro.

Venezuela's economy is based on oil, cotton, cocoa, sugar, coffee, and tobacco.

Some other languages spoken in Venezuela are Carib, Guahibo, Warao, Wayuu, Pemon, and Piaroa. Most people are Roman Catholic at 96%, and a small minority is Protestant at 2%.

Venezuela's modern history was shaped by a number of people, including President Romulo Betancourt, who replaced a military dictatorship with a democracy. By the 1970s, Venezuela had become rich off of oil revenue, but it had problems in the 1980s and 1990s. In 1999 Hugo Chávez became president and tried to remake Venezuela as a socialist state. While popular at first, the economic changes Chavez and the next president, Maduro passed caused a massive economic depression in the mid 2010s.

Venezuela is famous for being the home of Angel Falls, the world's tallest waterfall, which is located in the Bolivar state.

Demographics

The population of Venezuela is about 28,946,101 people.[4] The ethnic groups of the population are:

  • 75.4%: multiracial (of any kind).
  • 16.9%: European.
  • 2.8%: African.
  • 2.7%: Amerindian.
  • 2.2%: Asian.
Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Венесуелэ
адыгабзэ: Венесуэлэ
Afrikaans: Venezuela
Alemannisch: Venezuela
አማርኛ: ቬኔዝዌላ
Ænglisc: Feneswela
العربية: فنزويلا
aragonés: Venezuela
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܢܙܘܝܠܐ
arpetan: Venezuèla
asturianu: Venezuela
Avañe'ẽ: Venesuéla
Aymar aru: Winïxwila
azərbaycanca: Venesuela
تۆرکجه: ونزوئلا
bamanankan: Venezuela
Bân-lâm-gú: Venezuela
башҡортса: Венесуэла
беларуская: Венесуэла
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вэнэсуэла
भोजपुरी: वेनेजुएला
Bikol Central: Benesuela
Bislama: Venezuela
български: Венецуела
Boarisch: Venezuela
bosanski: Venecuela
brezhoneg: Venezuela
буряад: Венесуэлэ
català: Veneçuela
Чӑвашла: Венесуэла
Cebuano: Venezuela
čeština: Venezuela
Chamoru: Venezuela
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Venezuela
chiShona: Venezuela
corsu: Venezuela
Cymraeg: Feneswela
dansk: Venezuela
davvisámegiella: Venezuela
Deutsch: Venezuela
ދިވެހިބަސް: ވެނެޒުއޭލާ
dolnoserbski: Venezuela
डोटेली: भेनेजुयला
eesti: Venezuela
Ελληνικά: Βενεζουέλα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Venesüela
English: Venezuela
español: Venezuela
Esperanto: Venezuelo
estremeñu: Veneçuela
euskara: Venezuela
eʋegbe: Venezuela
فارسی: ونزوئلا
Fiji Hindi: Venezuela
føroyskt: Venesuela
français: Venezuela
Frysk: Fenezuëla
furlan: Venezuela
Gaeilge: Veiniséala
Gagauz: Venesuela
Gàidhlig: A' Bheiniseala
galego: Venezuela
ГӀалгӀай: Венесуэла
ગુજરાતી: વેનેઝુએલા
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: व्हेनेझुएला
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Venezuela
한국어: 베네수엘라
հայերեն: Վենեսուելա
हिन्दी: वेनेज़ुएला
hornjoserbsce: Venezuela
hrvatski: Venezuela
Igbo: Venezuela
Ilokano: Venezuela
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ভেনেজুয়েলা
Bahasa Indonesia: Venezuela
interlingua: Venezuela
Interlingue: Venezuela
isiZulu: Venezuela
íslenska: Venesúela
italiano: Venezuela
עברית: ונצואלה
Basa Jawa: Vénézuéla
Kabɩyɛ: Fenezuyeelaa
kalaallisut: Venezuela
Kapampangan: Beneswela
къарачай-малкъар: Венесуэла
ქართული: ვენესუელა
қазақша: Венесуэла
kernowek: Veneswela
Kinyarwanda: Venezuwela
Kirundi: Venezuela
Kiswahili: Venezuela
Kongo: Beneswela
Kreyòl ayisyen: Venezwela
kurdî: Venezuela
Кыргызча: Венесуэла
кырык мары: Венесуэла
Ladino: Venezuela
لۊری شومالی: ڤئنئزائوٙلا
latgaļu: Venecuela
Latina: Venetiola
latviešu: Venecuēla
Lëtzebuergesch: Venezuela
лезги: Венесуэла
lietuvių: Venesuela
Ligure: Venezuela
Limburgs: Venezuela
lingála: Venezwela
Lingua Franca Nova: Venezuela
Livvinkarjala: Venesuela
la .lojban.: benesuel
lumbaart: Venezuela
magyar: Venezuela
मैथिली: भेनेजुएला
македонски: Венецуела
Malagasy: Venezoela
മലയാളം: വെനസ്വേല
Malti: Veneżwela
მარგალური: ვენესუელა
مازِرونی: ونزوئلا
Bahasa Melayu: Venezuela
Baso Minangkabau: Venezuela
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Venezuela
мокшень: Венезуела
монгол: Венесуэл
Nāhuatl: Venezuela
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Venezuela
Nederlands: Venezuela
नेपाली: भेनेजुएला
नेपाल भाषा: भेनेजुएला
日本語: ベネズエラ
Napulitano: Venezuela
нохчийн: Венесуэла
Nordfriisk: Venezuela
Norfuk / Pitkern: Wenezuela
norsk: Venezuela
norsk nynorsk: Venezuela
Nouormand: Vénézuéla
Novial: Venezuela
occitan: Veneçuèla
олык марий: Венесуэла
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Venesuela
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵੈਨੇਜ਼ੁਐਲਾ
Pangasinan: Venezuela
پنجابی: وینزویلا
Papiamentu: Venezuela
Patois: Venizuela
Piemontèis: Venessuela
Tok Pisin: Venesuwela
Plattdüütsch: Venezuela
polski: Wenezuela
português: Venezuela
Qaraqalpaqsha: Venesuela
qırımtatarca: Venesuela
română: Venezuela
Romani: Venezuela
rumantsch: Venezuela
Runa Simi: Winisuyla
русиньскый: Венеcуела
русский: Венесуэла
саха тыла: Венесуэла
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱡᱩᱭᱮᱞᱟ
Gagana Samoa: Venesuela
संस्कृतम्: वेनेजुयेला
sardu: Venezuela
Scots: Venezuela
Seeltersk: Venezuela
shqip: Venezuela
sicilianu: Venezzuela
slovenčina: Venezuela
slovenščina: Venezuela
ślůnski: Wynezuela
Soomaaliga: Fanansuwela
کوردی: ڤێنیزوێلا
Sranantongo: Venswelikondre
српски / srpski: Венецуела
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Venezuela
Basa Sunda: Vénézuéla
suomi: Venezuela
svenska: Venezuela
Tagalog: Venezuela
Taqbaylit: Venezuela
tarandíne: Venezuela
татарча/tatarça: Венесуэла
తెలుగు: వెనుజులా
tetun: Venezuela
ትግርኛ: ቨኒዙአላ
тоҷикӣ: Венесуэла
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏪᏁᏑᏪᎳ
Türkçe: Venezuela
Türkmençe: Wenesuela
удмурт: Венесуэла
українська: Венесуела
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ۋېنېسۇئېلا
Vahcuengh: Venezuela
vèneto: Venesueła
vepsän kel’: Venesuel
Tiếng Việt: Venezuela
Volapük: Venesolän
Võro: Venezuela
walon: Venezwela
文言: 委內瑞拉
Winaray: Venezuela
Wolof: Benesuwela
吴语: 委内瑞拉
ייִדיש: ווענעזועלע
Yorùbá: Fenesuela
粵語: 委內瑞拉
Zazaki: Venezuela
Zeêuws: Venezuela
žemaitėška: Venesoela
中文: 委內瑞拉