Velvet Revolution

Flowers and candles on Wenceslas Square in November 1989

Velvet Revolution (Czech: Sametová revoluce, Slovak: Nežná revolúcia) is name for political changes in Czechoslovakia between November 17 and December 29, 1989. It ended with the fall of the one-party government of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and start of the democratization process. The name Velvet was chosen for its softness.


After Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968, censorship began again and the Communist Party expelled a lot of its members. This event during the 1970s is known as Normalization. Despite these events, the economic situation in Czechoslovakia was better than in other countries of Eastern Bloc (for example in Poland or Hungary).

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Samtene Revolution
azərbaycanca: Məxməri inqilab
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аксамітная рэвалюцыя
български: Нежна революция
한국어: 벨벳 혁명
Bahasa Indonesia: Revolusi Beludru
íslenska: Flauelsbyltingin
Lëtzebuergesch: Samette Revolutioun
slovenčina: Nežná revolúcia
slovenščina: Žametna revolucija
српски / srpski: Plišana revolucija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Baršunasta revolucija
Türkçe: Kadife Devrim
Tiếng Việt: Cách mạng Nhung