The vascular plants, tracheophytes or higher plants are
plants that have specialized
tissues for conducting water,
photosynthetic products through the plant.
They include the
conifers and other
The vascular plants are set apart in two main ways:
- Vascular plants have vascular tissues, which circulate resources through the plant. This feature allows vascular plants to grow to a larger size than non-vascular plants, which lack these specialized conducting tissues and are therefore restricted to relatively small sizes.
- In vascular plants, the principal generation phase is the
sporophyte, which is
diploid with two sets of chromosomes per cell.
Water transport happens in either xylem or phloem:
xylem carries water and inorganic
solutes upward toward the leaves from the roots, while
organic solutes throughout the plant.