Vascular plant

Vascular Plants
Temporal range:
mid Silurian – present
Scientific classification

The vascular plants, tracheophytes or higher plants are plants that have specialized tissues for conducting water, minerals, and photosynthetic products through the plant. They include the ferns, clubmosses, horsetails, flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms.[1]

The vascular plants are set apart in two main ways:

  1. Vascular plants have vascular tissues, which circulate resources through the plant. This feature allows vascular plants to grow to a larger size than non-vascular plants, which lack these specialized conducting tissues and are therefore restricted to relatively small sizes.
  2. In vascular plants, the principal generation phase is the sporophyte, which is diploid with two sets of chromosomes per cell.[2]

Water transport happens in either xylem or phloem: xylem carries water and inorganic solutes upward toward the leaves from the roots, while phloem carries organic solutes throughout the plant.


Other Languages
Afrikaans: Vaatplant
Alemannisch: Gefäßpflanzen
asturianu: Tracheophyta
català: Traqueobiont
Cebuano: Tracheophyta
dansk: Karplanter
eesti: Soontaimed
Ελληνικά: Ανώτερα φυτά
español: Tracheophyta
Esperanto: Vaskula planto
فارسی: آوندداران
français: Tracheophyta
한국어: 관다발식물
Bahasa Indonesia: Tumbuhan berpembuluh
interlingua: Tracheophyta
italiano: Tracheobionta
Kreyòl ayisyen: Plant vaskilè
Lëtzebuergesch: Gefässplanzen
lietuvių: Induočiai
Bahasa Melayu: Tumbuhan pembuluh
Nederlands: Vaatplanten
日本語: 維管束植物
Nordfriisk: Huuger plaanten
norsk: Karplanter
norsk nynorsk: Karplantar
occitan: Tracheobionta
português: Planta vascular
română: Cormobionta
slovenčina: Cievnaté rastliny
српски / srpski: Васкуларне биљке
svenska: Kärlväxter
українська: Судинні рослини
Tiếng Việt: Thực vật có mạch
Winaray: Tracheophyta
中文: 维管植物