United States

United States of America
Motto:  (hr)
Projection of North America with the United States in green
The contiguous United States plus Alaska and Hawaii
The United States and its territories
The United States including its territories
Capital Washington, D.C.
38°53′N 77°01′W / 38°53′N 77°01′W / 38.883; -77.017
Largest city New York City
40°43′N 74°00′W / 40°43′N 74°00′W / 40.717; -74.000
Official languages None at federal level [7]
National language English
Ethnic groups (2016 [8]) By race:
77.1% White
13.3% Black
5.6% Asian
2.6% Other/multiracial
1.2% Native
0.2% Pacific Islander
Ethnicity:
17.6% Hispanic or Latino
82.4% non-Hispanic or Latino
Religion (2015 [9]) 70.6% Christian
22.8% Unaffiliated
1.9% Jewish
0.9% Muslim
0.7% Buddhist
0.7% Hindu
1.8% Other faiths
Demonym American
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
•  President
Donald Trump
Mike Pence
Paul Ryan
John Roberts
Legislature Congress
Senate
House of Representatives
July 4, 1776
March 1, 1781
September 3, 1783
June 21, 1788
March 24, 1976
Area
• Total area
3,796,742 sq mi (9,833,520 km2) ( 3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
6.97
• Total land area
3,531,905 sq mi (9,147,590 km2)
Population
• 2017 estimate
325,365,189 [10] ( 3rd)
• 2010 census
308,745,538 [11] ( 3rd)
• Density
90.6/sq mi (35.0/km2) ( 180th)
GDP ( PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$18.558 trillion [12] ( 2nd)
• Per capita
$57,220 [12] ( 14th)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$18.558 trillion [12] ( 1st)
• Per capita
$57,467 [13] ( 7th)
Gini (2013)  41.1 [14]
medium
HDI (2015) Increase 0.920 [15]
very high ·  10th
Currency United States dollar ($) ( USD)
Time zone ( UTC−4 to −12, +10, +11)
• Summer ( DST)
 ( UTC−4 to −10)
Date format mm/dd/yyyy ( AD)
Drives on the right
Calling code +1
ISO 3166 code US
Internet TLD .us
Website
usa.gov

The United States of America (USA), often called the United States (U.S.) or America, is a country in North America. It is made up of 50 states, a federal district, and five territories. It has great influence over world finance, trade, culture, military, politics, and technology.

Government

The United States is a federal republic. The federal government of the United States is set up by the Constitution. There are three branches. They are the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch. State governments and the federal government work in very similar ways. Each state has its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The executive branch of a state government is led by a governor, instead of a president.

Executive branch

The executive branch is the part of the government that enforces the law. Members of the U.S. Electoral College elect a president who is the leader of the executive branch, as well as the leader of the armed forces. The president may veto a bill that the Congress has passed, so it does not become a law. The President may also make "executive orders" to ensure that people follow the law.

The president is in charge of many departments that control much of the day-to-day actions of government. For example, Department of Commerce makes rules about trade. The president chooses the heads of these departments, and also nominates federal judges. However, the Senate, part of the legislative branch, must agree with all of the people the president chooses. The president may serve two 4-year terms.

Legislative branch

The west side of the United States Capitol, which is home to the United States Congress

The legislative branch makes laws. The legislative branch is called the United States Congress. Congress is divided into two "houses".

One house is the House of Representatives. The Representatives are each elected by voters from a set area within a state. The number of Representatives a state has is based on how many people live there. Representatives serve two-year terms. The total number of representatives today is 435. The leader of the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House.

The other house is the Senate. In the Senate, each state is represented equally, by two senators. Because there are 50 states, there are 100 senators. The President's treaties or appointments of officials need the Senate's approval. Senators serve six-year terms. The Vice President of the United States serves as president of the Senate. In practice, the vice president is usually absent from the Senate, and a senator serves as president pro tempore, or temporary president, of the Senate.

Representatives and senators propose laws, called " bills", in their respective houses. A bill may be voted upon by the entire house right away or may first go to a small group, known as a committee, which may recommend a bill for a vote by the whole house. If one house votes to pass a bill, the bill then gets sent to the other house; if both houses vote for it, it is then sent to the president, who may sign the bill into law or veto it. If the president vetoes the bill, it is sent back to Congress. If Congress votes again and passes the bill with at least a two-thirds majority, the bill becomes law and cannot be vetoed by the president.

Under the American system of federalism, Congress may not make laws that directly control the states; instead, Congress may use the promise of federal funds, or special circumstances such as national emergencies, to encourage the states to follow federal law. This system is both complex and unique.

Judicial branch

The Judicial Branch is the part of government that interprets what the law means. The Judicial Branch is made up of the Supreme Court and many lower courts. If the Supreme Court decides that a law is not allowed by the Constitution, the law is said to be "struck down" and is no longer a valid law.

The Supreme Court is made up of nine judges, called justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. One of these justices, called the chief justice, heads the court. A Supreme Court justice serves until he or she dies or resigns (quits in the middle of his or her term). When that happens, the president nominates someone new to replace the justice who left. If the Senate agrees with that choice, the person becomes a justice. If the Senate does not agree with the president's choice, then the president must nominate someone else.

Famous court cases such as Marbury v. Madison (which was decided in 1803) have firmly established that the Supreme Court is the ultimate interpreter of the United States Constitution and has the power to strike down any law that conflicts with it. [16]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: USA
አማርኛ: አሜሪካ
aragonés: Estatos Unitos
arpetan: Ètats-Unis
Aymar aru: Istadus Unidus
Bahasa Banjar: Amirika Serikat
Bân-lâm-gú: Bí-kok
Basa Banyumasan: Amerika Serikat
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Злучаныя Штаты Амэрыкі
भोजपुरी: अमेरिका
Bikol Central: Estados Unidos
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Estados Unidos de America
Chi-Chewa: United States
chiTumbuka: United States
dansk: USA
Deitsch: Amerikaa
ދިވެހިބަސް: އެމެރިކާ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Stat Unî
English: United States
español: Estados Unidos
Esperanto: Usono
estremeñu: Estaus Uníus
eʋegbe: United States
Fiji Hindi: United States
føroyskt: USA
français: États-Unis
贛語: 美國
Gĩkũyũ: United States
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌺𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: अमेरिकेचीं संयुक्त राज्यां
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mî-koet
한국어: 미국
Ido: Usa
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: তিলপারাষ্ট্র
Bahasa Indonesia: Amerika Serikat
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᒥᐊᓕᑲ
isiZulu: IMelika
íslenska: Bandaríkin
kalaallisut: Naalagaaffeqatigiit
Kapampangan: Estados Unidos
kernowek: Statys Unys
Kiswahili: Marekani
Kreyòl ayisyen: Etazini
Livvinkarjala: Amerikan Yhtysvallat
la .lojban.: mergu'e
Luganda: Amerika
Malagasy: Etazonia
مصرى: امريكا
Bahasa Melayu: Amerika Syarikat
Baso Minangkabau: Amerika Sarikat
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mī-guók
Dorerin Naoero: Eben Merika
Na Vosa Vakaviti: United States
Nederlands: Verenigde Staten
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᑭᐦᒋ ᒨᐦᑯᒫᓇᐢᑭᕀ
Norfuk / Pitkern: Yunitid Staits
norsk: USA
norsk nynorsk: USA
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Amerika Qoʻshma Shtatlari
Pangasinan: Estados Unidos
پنجابی: امریکہ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក
Tok Pisin: Ol Yunaitet Stet
Plattdüütsch: USA
português: Estados Unidos
reo tahiti: Fenua Marite
rumantsch: Stadis Unids
Sesotho sa Leboa: United States of America
Setswana: USA
sicilianu: Stati Uniti
slovenčina: Spojené štáty
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Амєрїканьскꙑ Ѥдьнѥнꙑ Дрьжавꙑ
Sranantongo: Kondre Makandrameki
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sjedinjene Američke Države
Basa Sunda: Amérika Sarikat
svenska: USA
ไทย: สหรัฐ
Tsetsêhestâhese: United States
Twi: USA
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Pawuut Matiic
Vahcuengh: Meijgoz
Tiếng Việt: Hoa Kỳ
Volapük: Lamerikän
文言: 美國
吴语: 美国
Xitsonga: Amerikha
粵語: 美國
žemaitėška: JAV
中文: 美国
Kabɩyɛ: Etaazuunii