Tulku

Buddhism

Dharma Wheel.svg

Basic terms

People

Gautama Buddha
Dalai Lama
Bodhisattva
Sangha

Schools

Theravada
Mahayana
Zen
Vajrayana
Nyingma Kagyu Sakya Gelug

Practices

study  Dharma
Meditation
Metta

A tulku (also tülku, trulku) is a Tibetan Buddhist lama who has achieved the ability to consciously determine to be reborn, often many times, in order to continue their Bodhisattva vow. The most famous example is the lineage of Dalai Lamas, who are said to be reincarnations of the previous thirteen Dalai Lamas, beginning with Gendun Drup (1391 – 1474). It is held in the Vajrayana tradition that the oldest lineage of tulkus is that of the Karmapas (spiritual head of the Karma Kagyu lineage), which began with Düsum Khyenpa (1110-1193).

In addition to Tibetans and related peoples, Tibetan Buddhism is the traditional religion of the Mongols and their relatives. The Mongolian word for a tulku is qubilγan, though such persons may also be called by the honorific title qutuγtu (Tib: 'phags-pa / Skt: ārya), or hutagt in the standard Khalkha dialect.

A recent Chinese word for tulku is huófó (活佛), which literally means "living Buddha". Thus the term Living Buddha is used to mean tulku.

  • references

References

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Tulku
български: Нирманакая
བོད་ཡིག: སྤྲུལ་སྐུ།
català: Tulku
čeština: Tulku
Deutsch: Trülku
Ελληνικά: Τούλκου
English: Tulku
español: Tulku
Esperanto: Tulku
euskara: Tulku
français: Tulkou
italiano: Trülku
ქართული: ტულკუ
magyar: Tulku
Nederlands: Tulku
日本語: 化身ラマ
polski: Tulku
português: Tulku
русский: Тулку
slovenčina: Tulku
slovenščina: Tulku
suomi: Tulku
українська: Тулку
中文: 祖古