Tonga

Kingdom of Tonga
Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
Coat of arms of Tonga
Coat of arms
Motto: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa"
"God and Tonga are my Inheritance"
Anthem: Otu Tonga
The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands
Location of Tonga
Capital
and largest city
ʻalofa
Official languages
  • Tongan
  • English
DemonymTongan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Tupou VI
• Prime Minister
ʻAkilisi Pohiva
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Independence
• from British protection
4 June 1970
Area
• Total
748 km2 (289 sq mi) (186th)
• Water (%)
4.0
Population
• 2011 census
103,036[1]
• Density
139/km2 (360.0/sq mi) ()
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$763 million[2]
• Per capita
$7,344[2]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$439 million[2]
• Per capita
$4,220[2]
HDI (2013)Steady 0.705[3]
high · 100th
Currencyanga (TOP)
Time zone(UTC+13)
DST not observed
Drives on theleft
Calling code+676
ISO 3166 codeTO
Internet TLD.to
  1. Based on 2005 figures.

Tonga is a country in Pacific Ocean. It has 169 islands. Only 36 islands have inhabitants. The most important island is Tongatapu. George Tupou V is the king of Tonga and the Prime Minister is ʻAkilisi Pohiva. The capital of Tonga is Nuku'alofa.

The official languages of Tonga are Tongan and English. Tonga had 102,321 inhabitants in 2000. It is a very hot country.Tonga became independent in 1970.

History

About 3000 years before, the Polynesians had settled in Tongatapu.[4] In 1845, Tāufaʻāhau united Tonga into a kingdom. He declared Tonga a constitutional monarchy. Between 1845 and 1893, slavery was stopped. Also, constitution was made up.

In 1900, Tonga became a protected state of the United Kingdom. Tonga maintained its sovereignty. It remained the only Pacific nation never to have given up its monarchical government. Foreign affairs was managed by the UK. Tonga was no longer a protected state and became independent in 1970. Tonga joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. It became a member of the United Nations in September 1999. Tonga has never lost indigenous governance.

Other Languages
Acèh: Tonga
Afrikaans: Tonga
Alemannisch: Tonga
አማርኛ: ቶንጋ
العربية: تونغا
aragonés: Tonga
arpetan: Tonga
asturianu: Tonga
azərbaycanca: Tonqa
تۆرکجه: تونقا
বাংলা: টোঙ্গা
Bahasa Banjar: Tonga
Bân-lâm-gú: Tonga
башҡортса: Тонга
беларуская: Тонга
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тонга
Bikol Central: Tonga
български: Тонга
བོད་ཡིག: ཊོང་ག
bosanski: Tonga
brezhoneg: Tonga
буряад: Тонга
català: Tonga
Cebuano: Tonga
čeština: Tonga
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Tonga
chiShona: Tonga
Cymraeg: Tonga
dansk: Tonga
davvisámegiella: Tonga
Deutsch: Tonga
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޓޮންގާ
dolnoserbski: Tonga
डोटेली: टोङ्गा
eesti: Tonga
Ελληνικά: Τόνγκα
English: Tonga
español: Tonga
Esperanto: Tongo
estremeñu: Tonga
euskara: Tonga
فارسی: تونگا
Fiji Hindi: Tonga
føroyskt: Tonga
français: Tonga
Frysk: Tonga
Gaeilge: Tonga
Gaelg: Yn Tongey
Gagauz: Tonga
Gàidhlig: Tonga
galego: Tonga
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: टोंगा
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tonga
한국어: 통가
հայերեն: Տոնգա
हिन्दी: टोंगा
hornjoserbsce: Tonga
hrvatski: Tonga
Ido: Tonga
Ilokano: Tonga
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: টঙ্গা
Bahasa Indonesia: Tonga
interlingua: Tonga
Interlingue: Tonga
Ирон: Тонгæ
íslenska: Tonga
italiano: Tonga
עברית: טונגה
Basa Jawa: Tonga
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಟೋಂಗಾ
Kapampangan: Tonga
ქართული: ტონგა
қазақша: Тонга
kernowek: Tonga
Kinyarwanda: Tonga
Kiswahili: Tonga
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tonga
kurdî: Tonga
Кыргызча: Тонга
кырык мары: Тонга
Latina: Tonga
latviešu: Tonga
Lëtzebuergesch: Tonga
lietuvių: Tonga
Ligure: Tonga
Limburgs: Tonga
Lingua Franca Nova: Tonga
Livvinkarjala: Tonga
lumbaart: Tonga
magyar: Tonga
македонски: Тонга
മലയാളം: ടോങ്ക
Malti: Tonga
मराठी: टोंगा
მარგალური: ტონგა
مصرى: تونجا
مازِرونی: تونگا
Bahasa Melayu: Tonga
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tonga
монгол: Тонга
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တုံဂါနိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Tonga
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Toga
Nederlands: Tonga (land)
日本語: トンガ
нохчийн: Тонга
Norfuk / Pitkern: Tonga
norsk: Tonga
norsk nynorsk: Tonga
occitan: Tònga
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tonga
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਟੋਂਗਾ
पालि: टोंगा
پنجابی: ٹونگا
Papiamentu: Tonga
Patois: Tongga
Piemontèis: Tònga
Tok Pisin: Tonga
Plattdüütsch: Tonga
polski: Tonga
português: Tonga
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tonga
qırımtatarca: Tonga
reo tahiti: To’a
română: Tonga
rumantsch: Tonga
Runa Simi: Tunqa
русский: Тонга
саха тыла: Тонга
Gagana Samoa: Toga
संस्कृतम्: टोंगा
Scots: Tonga
shqip: Tonga
sicilianu: Tonga
සිංහල: ටොංගා
سنڌي: ٽونگا
slovenčina: Tonga
slovenščina: Tonga
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Тонга
ślůnski: Tůnga
کوردی: تۆنگا
српски / srpski: Тонга
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tonga
Basa Sunda: Tonga
suomi: Tonga
svenska: Tonga
Tagalog: Tonga
தமிழ்: தொங்கா
татарча/tatarça: Тонга
тоҷикӣ: Тонга
lea faka-Tonga: Tonga
Tsetsêhestâhese: Tonga
Türkçe: Tonga
Türkmençe: Tonga
Twi: Tonga
українська: Тонга
اردو: ٹونگا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Ton’ga
Vahcuengh: Tonga
vepsän kel’: Tong
Tiếng Việt: Tonga
Volapük: Tonguäns
Võro: Tonga
文言: 東加
Winaray: Tonga
Wolof: Tonga
吴语: 湯加
Xitsonga: Tonga
ייִדיש: טאנגא
Yorùbá: Tóngà
粵語: 湯加
Zazaki: Tonga
žemaitėška: Tuonga
中文: 東加