Tilia

Tilia
Sommerlinde (Tilia platyphyllos).jpg
Tilia platyphyllos
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Tilia
L.

Tilia is a genus of between 30 and 45 species of trees in the Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest species diversity is found), Europe and eastern North America; it is absent from western North America.

Tilia leaf

The trees are generally called linden in North America, and lime in Britain. Both names are went from the Germanic root lind. The modern forms in English went from linde or linne in Anglo Saxon and old Norse, and in Britain the word transformed more recently to the modern British form lime. In the United States, the modern German name Linde, from the same root, became more common, partly to avoid confusion with any other uses of the name.

Tilia species are large deciduous trees, reaching typically between 20m and 40m tall, some species grow as shrubs. Plants of this genus are found through the north temperate regions.

History

The Germanic tribes associated the Linden tree with the goddess Freya. Very often, these tribes held their assemblies, called Thing near or under such a tree. Often, trees that were standing alone somewhere were chosen. These assemblies were used to make laws. They usually lasted three days.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Linden (Botanik)
العربية: زيزفون
aragonés: Tilia
azərbaycanca: Cökə (bitki)
تۆرکجه: جؤکه (بیتکی)
беларуская: Ліпа
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ліпа
български: Липа
bosanski: Lipa (biljka)
català: Til·ler
Чӑвашла: Çăка
Cebuano: Tilia
čeština: Lípa (rod)
dansk: Lind
dolnoserbski: Lipa
eesti: Pärn
Ελληνικά: Φιλύρα (φυτό)
English: Tilia
эрзянь: Пекше
español: Tilia
Esperanto: Tilio
euskara: Ezki
فارسی: نمدار
français: Tilia
Gaeilge: Teile (crann)
galego: Tileiro
한국어: 피나무속
Հայերեն: Լորենի
hornjoserbsce: Lipa
hrvatski: Lipa (biljka)
Ido: Tilio
Bahasa Indonesia: Tilia
interlingua: Tilia
Ирон: Сусхъæд
íslenska: Linditré
italiano: Tilia
עברית: טיליה
ქართული: ცაცხვი
kaszëbsczi: Lëpa
қазақша: Жөке
коми: Нинпу
Кыргызча: Липа
latviešu: Liepas
Lëtzebuergesch: Lannen
lietuvių: Liepa (augalas)
македонски: Липа
мокшень: Пяше
Nederlands: Linde (geslacht)
日本語: シナノキ属
occitan: Tilia
олык марий: Писте
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Joʻka
Перем Коми: Нинпу
Picard: Tilleu
Plattdüütsch: Linnen (Boom)
polski: Lipa
português: Tilia
română: Tei
Runa Simi: Tilu
русский: Липа
sardu: Tilia
Scots: Tilia
slovenčina: Lipa
slovenščina: Lipa
српски / srpski: Липа
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lipa
suomi: Lehmukset
svenska: Lindsläktet
татарча/tatarça: Юкә
Türkçe: Ihlamur
удмурт: Беризь
українська: Липа
vepsän kel’: Lehmuz
Tiếng Việt: Chi Đoạn
walon: Tiyoû
Winaray: Tilia
粵語: 椴樹
中文: 椴树