Thailand

Kingdom of Thailand
[ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Ratcha Anachak Thai
ประเทศไทย
Prathet Thai] error: : text has italic markup (help)
Emblem of Thailand
Emblem
Anthem: Phleng Chat Thai
Royal anthemPhleng Sansoen Phra Barami
Thailand  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Bangkok (Thai: Krung Thep)1
13°45′N 100°29′E / 13°45′N 100°29′E / 13.750; 100.483
Official languagesThai[1]
Official scriptsThai alphabet
Ethnic groups (2009[1][2])

Thai (75%)
 • Northeastern Thai (Isan) (34.2%)
 • Central Thai (33.7%)
 • Southern Thai (13.3%)
Chinese (14%)
Khmer (4%)
Malay (4%)
Tamil (3%)

Other (1%)
DemonymThai
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Maha Vajiralongkorn
Prayuth Chan-ocha
LegislatureNational Assembly
Senate
House of Representatives
Formation
• Sukhothai Kingdom
1238–1448
• Ayutthaya Kingdom
1351–1767
• Thonburi Kingdom
1768–1782
• Rattanakosin Kingdom
6 April 1782
• Constitutional monarchy
24 June 1932
• 2007 Constitution
24 August 2007
Area
• Total
513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) (51st)
• Water (%)
0.4 (2,230 km2)
Population
• 2011 estimate
66,720,1532[3] (20th)
• 2010 census
65,479,453[4]
• Density
132.1/km2 (342.1/sq mi) (88th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$616.783 billion[5] (24th)
• Per capita
$9,598[5] (84th)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$332.47 billion[5] (30th)
• Per capita
$5,174[5] (89th)
Gini (2009)42.5[6]
medium
HDI (2011)Increase 0.682[7]
medium · 103rd
CurrencyBaht (฿) (THB)
Time zone(UTC+7)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+66
ISO 3166 codeTH
Internet TLD.th, .ไทย
  1. ^ Thai name: กรุงเทพมหานคร Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or Krung Thep. The full name is กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุทธยา มหาดิลกภพ นพรัตนราชธานีบุรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์มหาสถาน อมรพิมานอวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยะวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์ Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Yuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Phiman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit.
  2. ^ According to the Department of Provincial Administration's official register, not taking into account unregistered citizens and immigrants.

Thailand (d/ TY-land or d/ TY-lənd;[8] Thai: ประเทศไทย, RTGS: Prathet Thai), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทย, RTGS: Ratcha Anachak Thai; IPA: [râːt.tɕʰā ʔāːnāːtɕàk tʰāj] (About this sound listen)), is a country in Southeast Asia. Its neighbours are Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, and Myanmar. The country's name was Siam until June 24 1939.[9] It was again called Siam between 1945 and May 11 1949, when it changed back to Thailand. The word Thai (ไทย) comes from the ethnic group in the center of Thailand. The capital city is Bangkok. Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia that was not ruled by Western countries as it served as a buffer zone between English and French colonies.

Thailand is a constitutional monarchy. It has a King as a head of state. The current monarch is Vajiralongkorn.

Most of the people of Thailand (95%) follow the philosophy called Buddhism. However, a small number, mostly in the southern part of the country, follow the religion Islam. Other religions in Thailand are Christianity, Hinduism, and Sikhism. Now, some of the Muslims in the south have begun fighting the government of Thailand, because they want to be more independent (free of the control of another country).

History

Many people believe that the first Thai state was the Buddhist kingdom named Sukhothai founded in 1238. Sukhothai achieved independence from the kingdom of Cambodia.

A century later, a bigger Thai kingdom named Ayuthaya appeared in the South of Sukhothai. Later Sukhothai became a part of Ayuthaya. Ayuthaya existed for more than 400 years before its fall by the attack of a Burmese kingdom.

A Thai soldier of Chinese origin then founded a new capital city at Thonburi, and became King Tāksin. Thonburi was the capital for a short period.

The current era, Rattanakosin, started on the foundation of Bangkok as the capital city by King Rama I of Chakri Dynasty.

Before 1932, Thailand was an absolute monarchy, meaning the King had total power in the country. On June 24, 1932, a group of people staged a coup and changed Thailand to a constitutional monarchy. It was not until 1973 that Thai people voted for a Prime Minister in an election. There were coups both before and after this year.

In 1951, there was a failed coup - the Manhattan Rebellion.[10] On September 19, 2006, the army staged a coup d'état and took control from Thaksin Shinawatra's government.

In May 2014, a new military coup d'état removed another government.

In October 2016, Rama X become the new king.

Between 1932 and 2014, Thailand had 12 coup d'état.

Other Languages
Acèh: Muang Thai
Адыгэбзэ: Тайлэнд
адыгабзэ: Тайланд
Afrikaans: Thailand
Alemannisch: Thailand
አማርኛ: ታይላንድ
Ænglisc: Thailand
العربية: تايلاند
aragonés: Tailandia
arpetan: Tayilande
অসমীয়া: থাইলেণ্ড
asturianu: Tailandia
Avañe'ẽ: Tailandia
azərbaycanca: Tailand
تۆرکجه: تایلند
Bahasa Banjar: Thailand
Bân-lâm-gú: Thài-kok
Basa Banyumasan: Thailand
башҡортса: Таиланд
беларуская: Тайланд
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тайлянд
भोजपुरी: थाइलैंड
Bikol Central: Tailandya
Bislama: Thailand
български: Тайланд
Boarisch: Thailand
བོད་ཡིག: ཐའི་ལེན།
bosanski: Tajland
brezhoneg: Thailand
буряад: Тайланд
català: Tailàndia
Чӑвашла: Таиланд
Cebuano: Tayland
čeština: Thajsko
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Tailandia
Chi-Chewa: Thailand
chiShona: Thailand
chiTumbuka: Thailand
Cymraeg: Gwlad Tai
dansk: Thailand
davvisámegiella: Thaieana
Deutsch: Thailand
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސިޔާމު
dolnoserbski: Thailandska
eesti: Tai
Ελληνικά: Ταϊλάνδη
English: Thailand
español: Tailandia
Esperanto: Tajlando
estremeñu: Tailándia
euskara: Thailandia
eʋegbe: Thailand
فارسی: تایلند
Fiji Hindi: Thailand
føroyskt: Tailand
français: Thaïlande
Frysk: Tailân
Fulfulde: Tailannde
furlan: Tailandie
Gaeilge: An Téalainn
Gagauz: Tailand
galego: Tailandia
贛語: 泰國
Gĩkũyũ: Thailand
ગુજરાતી: થાઇલેન્ડ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: थायलंड
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thai-koet
한국어: 태국
Hausa: Thailand
Hawaiʻi: Tailani
հայերեն: Թաիլանդ
हिन्दी: थाईलैण्ड
hornjoserbsce: Thailandska
hrvatski: Tajland
Ilokano: Tailandia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: টাইলান্ডিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Thailand
interlingua: Thailanda
Interlingue: Thailand
Iñupiak: Thailand
Ирон: Таиланд
íslenska: Taíland
italiano: Thailandia
עברית: תאילנד
Basa Jawa: Tanah Thai
kalaallisut: Thailandi
Kapampangan: Tailandya
ქართული: ტაილანდი
kaszëbsczi: Tajlandiô
қазақша: Тайланд
kernowek: Pow Tay
Kinyarwanda: Tayilande
Kiswahili: Uthai
коми: Таиланд
Kongo: Thailand
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tayilann
kurdî: Taylenda
Кыргызча: Тайланд
лезги: Таиланд
لۊری شومالی: تایلند
Latina: Thailandia
latviešu: Taizeme
Lëtzebuergesch: Thailand
lietuvių: Tailandas
Ligure: Thailandia
Limburgs: Thailand
lingála: Thailandi
Livvinkarjala: Thaimua
la .lojban.: tais
lumbaart: Thailandia
magyar: Thaiföld
मैथिली: थाइल्याण्ड
македонски: Тајланд
Malagasy: Tailandy
मराठी: थायलंड
მარგალური: ტაილანდი
مازِرونی: تایلند
Bahasa Melayu: Thailand
Baso Minangkabau: Thailand
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tái-guók
Mirandés: Tailándia
монгол: Тайланд
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ထိုင်းနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Taitlalpan
Dorerin Naoero: Thailand
Nederlands: Thailand
Nedersaksies: Thailaand
नेपाली: थाइल्याण्ड
नेपाल भाषा: थाइल्यान्द
日本語: タイ王国
нохчийн: Таиланд
Nordfriisk: Thailun
Norfuk / Pitkern: Tailan
norsk: Thailand
norsk nynorsk: Thailand
Novial: Tailande
occitan: Tailàndia
олык марий: Таиланд
Oromoo: Taayilaand
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tailand
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਥਾਈਲੈਂਡ
पालि: थाइलैंड
پنجابی: تھائی لینڈ
Papiamentu: Thailand
پښتو: تايلنډ
Patois: Tailan
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ថៃ
Picard: Thaïlinde
Piemontèis: Thailandia
Tok Pisin: Tailan
Plattdüütsch: Thailand
polski: Tajlandia
português: Tailândia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tayland
qırımtatarca: Tayland
română: Thailanda
Runa Simi: Thaysuyu
русиньскый: Таїланд
русский: Таиланд
саха тыла: Тайлаан
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ
Gagana Samoa: Taialani
संस्कृतम्: थैलेण्ड्
Sängö: Tailânde
Scots: Thailand
Seeltersk: Thailound
shqip: Tajlanda
sicilianu: Thailandia
SiSwati: IThayilandi
slovenčina: Thajsko
slovenščina: Tajska
ślůnski: Tajlandyjo
Soomaaliga: Tayland
کوردی: تایلەند
Sranantongo: Taikondre
српски / srpski: Тајланд
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tajland
Basa Sunda: Thailand
suomi: Thaimaa
svenska: Thailand
Tagalog: Thailand
Taqbaylit: Tayland
tarandíne: Thailandie
татарча/tatarça: Таиланд
తెలుగు: థాయిలాండ్
tetun: Tailándia
тоҷикӣ: Таиланд
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏔᏯᎴᏂ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Thailand
Türkçe: Tayland
Türkmençe: Taýland
удмурт: Таиланд
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Thailand
українська: Таїланд
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: تايلاند
Vahcuengh: Daigoz
vèneto: Thailandia
vepsän kel’: Tailand
Tiếng Việt: Thái Lan
Volapük: Tayän
Võro: Tai
walon: Taylande
文言: 泰國
West-Vlams: Thailand
Winaray: Thailand
Wolof: Taaylaand
吴语: 泰国
Xitsonga: Thailand
ייִדיש: טיילאנד
Yorùbá: Tháílàndì
粵語: 泰國
Zazaki: Taylanda
Zeêuws: Thailand
žemaitėška: Tailands
中文: 泰国
डोटेली: थाइल्याण्ड
ГӀалгӀай: Таиланд
Kabɩyɛ: Tayilandɩ
Lingua Franca Nova: Tai