Texas
English: Texas

State of Texas
Flag of TexasState seal of Texas
FlagSeal
Nickname(s):
The Lone Star State
Motto(s): Friendship
State song(s): "Texas, Our Texas"
Map of the United States with Texas highlighted
Official languageNo official language
Spoken languagesPredominantly English;
Spanish is spoken by a sizable minority[1]
DemonymTexan
Texian (archaic)
Tejano (usually only used for Hispanics)
CapitalAustin
Largest cityHouston
Largest metroDallas–Fort Worth Metroplex
AreaRanked 2nd
 • Total268,581[2] sq mi
(696,241 km2)
 • Width773[3] miles (1,244 km)
 • Length790 miles (1,270 km)
 • % water2.5
 • Latitude25° 50′ N to 36° 30′ N
 • Longitude93° 31′ W to 106° 39′ W
PopulationRanked 2nd
 • Total28,701,845 (2018 est.)[4]
 • Density108/sq mi  (40.6/km2)
Ranked 26th
 • Median household income$56,473[5] (26th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointGuadalupe Peak[6][7][8]
8,751 ft (2667.4 m)
 • Mean1,700 ft  (520 m)
 • Lowest pointGulf of Mexico[7]
Sea level
Before statehoodRepublic of Texas
Admission to UnionDecember 29, 1845 (28th)
GovernorGreg Abbott (R)
Lieutenant GovernorDan Patrick (R)
LegislatureTexas Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJohn Cornyn (R)
Ted Cruz (R)
U.S. House delegation23 Republicans
13 Democrats (list)
Time zones 
 • Majority of stateCentral: UTC −6/−5
 • El Paso, Hudspeth, and northwestern Culberson countiesMountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166US-TX
AbbreviationsTX, texas.gov
Texas state symbols
Flag of Texas.svg
Seal of Texas.svg
The Seal of Texas
Living insignia
BirdNorthern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)
FishGuadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii)
FlowerBluebonnet (Lupinus spp., namely Texas bluebonnet, L. texensis)
InsectMonarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)
MammalTexas longhorn, nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)
ReptileTexas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum)
TreePecan (Carya illinoinensis)
Inanimate insignia
FoodChili
InstrumentGuitar
ShellLightning whelk (Busycon perversum pulleyi)
Ship
SloganThe Friendly State
SoilHouston Black
SportRodeo
OtherMolecule: Buckyball (For more, see article)
State route marker
Texas state route marker
State quarter
Texas quarter dollar coin
Released in 2004
Lists of United States state symbols

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. About 27 million people live there. In 1845, it became the 28th state in the United States.

Texas has been controlled by Spain, France, the Confederate States of America, and Mexico. It declared its independence from Mexico in 1836. It was its own country, the Republic of Texas, for 9 years (1836-1845).

The largest cities in Texas are Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, El Paso, and Austin. Austin is the capital city of Texas.

There are many famous attractions in Texas. Fort Worth is known for its stockyards. Amarillo is known for the cattle business and stockyards. In Dallas, industrial technology companies including Texas Instruments and EDS have their home offices.

San Antonio has The Alamo. Houston has the Johnson Space Center. Austin has the University of Texas at Austin. Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Baylor University in Waco and the University of North Texas in Denton are other important universities in the state.

Name meaning

The state's name derives from táyshay, a word in the Caddoan language of the Hasinai (a Native American tribe), which means "allies" or "friends."

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Texas
Alemannisch: Texas
አማርኛ: ቴክሳስ
Ænglisc: Texas
العربية: تكساس
aragonés: Texas
arpetan: Tèxas
asturianu: Texas
Avañe'ẽ: Texas
Aymar aru: Texas suyu
azərbaycanca: Texas
বাংলা: টেক্সাস
Bân-lâm-gú: Texas
башҡортса: Техас
беларуская: Тэхас
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэхас
भोजपुरी: टेक्सास
Bikol Central: Texas
Bislama: Texas
български: Тексас
Boarisch: Texas
བོད་ཡིག: ཋེག་ཟ་སི།
bosanski: Teksas
brezhoneg: Texas
буряад: Техас
català: Texas
Чӑвашла: Техас
Cebuano: Texas
čeština: Texas
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Texas
corsu: Texas
Cymraeg: Texas
dansk: Texas
davvisámegiella: Texas
Deutsch: Texas
Diné bizaad: Akałii Bikéyah
dolnoserbski: Texas
eesti: Texas
Ελληνικά: Τέξας
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Tèxas
English: Texas
español: Texas
Esperanto: Teksaso
euskara: Texas
فارسی: تگزاس
Fiji Hindi: Texas
føroyskt: Texas
français: Texas
Frysk: Teksas
Gaeilge: Texas
Gaelg: Texas
Gagauz: Teksas
Gàidhlig: Texas
galego: Texas
گیلکی: تگزاس
ગુજરાતી: ટેક્સસ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Texas
хальмг: Техас
한국어: 텍사스주
Hausa: Texas
Hawaiʻi: Kekeka
հայերեն: Տեխաս
हिन्दी: टेक्सस
hornjoserbsce: Texas
hrvatski: Texas
Bahasa Hulontalo: Texas
Ido: Texas
Igbo: Texas
Ilokano: Texas
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: টেক্সাস
Bahasa Indonesia: Texas
interlingua: Texas
Interlingue: Texas
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᑖᒃᓵᔅ
Iñupiak: Texas
Ирон: Техас
isiZulu: Texas
íslenska: Texas
italiano: Texas
עברית: טקסס
Jawa: Texas
Kabɩyɛ: Tɛkɩzasɩ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಟೆಕ್ಸಸ್
Kapampangan: Texas
ქართული: ტეხასი
қазақша: Техас
kernowek: Teksas
Kiswahili: Texas
Kreyòl ayisyen: Teksas
kurdî: Teksas
кырык мары: Техас
Ladino: Texas
لۊری شومالی: تگزاس
Latina: Texia
latviešu: Teksasa
Lëtzebuergesch: Texas
lietuvių: Teksasas
Ligure: Texas
Limburgs: Texas
Lingua Franca Nova: Texas
la .lojban.: teksys
lumbaart: Texas
magyar: Texas
मैथिली: टेक्सस
македонски: Тексас
Malagasy: Texas
മലയാളം: ടെക്സസ്
Māori: Texas
मराठी: टेक्सास
მარგალური: ტეხასი
مصرى: تكساس
مازِرونی: تگزاس
Bahasa Melayu: Texas
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Texas
монгол: Техас
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တက္ကဆပ်ပြည်နယ်
Dorerin Naoero: Texas
Nederlands: Texas (staat)
Nedersaksies: Texas
नेपाली: टेक्सस
नेपाल भाषा: तेक्सास
日本語: テキサス州
нохчийн: Техас
Nordfriisk: Texas
norsk: Texas
norsk nynorsk: Texas
occitan: Tèxas
олык марий: Техас
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Texas
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਟੈਕਸਸ
पालि: टेक्सास
پنجابی: ٹیکساس
Papiamentu: Teksas
Piemontèis: Texas
Plattdüütsch: Texas
polski: Teksas
português: Texas
Qaraqalpaqsha: Texas shtati
română: Texas
rumantsch: Texas
Runa Simi: Texas suyu
русский: Техас
саха тыла: Техас
संस्कृतम्: टेक्सास्
sardu: Texas
Scots: Texas
Seeltersk: Texas
shqip: Texas
sicilianu: Texas
slovenčina: Texas
slovenščina: Teksas
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Тєѯасъ
ślůnski: Teksas
Soomaaliga: Texas
کوردی: تێکساس
српски / srpski: Тексас
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Texas
suomi: Texas
svenska: Texas
Tagalog: Texas
தமிழ்: டெக்சஸ்
Taqbaylit: Tiksas
татарча/tatarça: Техас (штат)
తెలుగు: టెక్సస్
тоҷикӣ: Тексас
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏅᏓᎩ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Toháano'ého'ëva
Türkçe: Teksas
Türkmençe: Tehas
українська: Техас
اردو: ٹیکساس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Téksas Shitati
vèneto: Tecsas
Tiếng Việt: Texas
Volapük: Texas
Winaray: Texas
ייִדיש: טעקסאס
Yorùbá: Texas
粵語: 德薩斯州
Zazaki: Teksas
Zeêuws: Texas
žemaitėška: Teksasos