Tennis

Tim Henman hitting a backhand volley.
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Tennis is a sport played with a felt-covered rubber ball, a racket, and a court.

First, early in the 11th century, players in France played this sport with their hands. It was called “Jeu de Paume”. In the 15th century the sport came to Poland and the players played with rackets. Now it is called “tennis”. It became popular in England and France. King Henry III was a big fan of the game.

There are many different kinds of courts, like grass, clay or hard court. The goal of tennis is to hit the ball over the net into the other player’s court. When the other player cannot return the ball, a point is won. The game is played with two or four people. When it is played with two people, it is called “singles”, and when it is played with four people, it is called “doubles”. The court has "alleys" on each side, which are "fair" territory when playing doubles.

A tennis game has a number of sets. Each set has a number of games, and each game has points. The points are counted love (0, after the French l'oeuf), fifteen (15), thirty (30), and forty (40). If both players get to forty, the score is deuce from which 2 more points are needed to win the game. When one player reaches six games, it is one set. If it is a three-set match, the player who wins two sets first is the winner. If the game count reaches 5–5, the set must be won with two more games than the other player, like 7–5 or 8–6. If the game count gets to 6–6, a "tiebreaker" is played. In a tiebreak, players have to get at least seven points while getting two more points than the other player to win the set. In tiebreak points are called “one,” “two,” etc.

The game started in Germany during the 1700s. Tennis is now a sport that is played at the Olympics. They also have big tournaments like the U.S. Open, Australian Open, French Open and Wimbledon. These four are known as Grand Slam events. Tennis’s official name is "lawn tennis".[source?] Since 1998, every September 23 has been called "Tennis Day".

There is also soft tennis. Soft tennis is different from regulation tennis. For example, the racket, ball and rules are much different. Soft tennis is popular in Japan. Thousands of people play soft tennis. Tennis is quite a popular sport which lots of people enjoy watching.

Shots

Andy Roddick before serving

There are many different "shots" and "strokes", ways to hit the ball, in tennis. A stroke is the way the body is moved to hit the ball. A shot is how the ball is hit. These include:

Strokes
  • The backhand is a type of stroke hit by swinging the racquet away from the body. The stroke begins with the arm holding the racquet held across the body. It is then moved in front of the body to hit the ball. For a right-handed player, a backhand begins on the left side of his body, continues across his body as the ball is hit, and ends on the right side of his body. It can be either a one-handed or a two-handed stroke.
  • The forehand is the opposite of the backhand. It starts with the arm outside of the body and moves across the body. For a right handed player, the arm starts on the right side of the body and moves across the body to the left side. The forehand is hit with one hand (most commonly the hand the player uses to write).
Shots
  • A serve (sometimes called a service) is a shot to start a point. The serve is usually started by tossing the ball into the air and hitting it across the net. The serve may be done underhand or overhead. The overhead serve the most common form. The serve is done from behind the baseline (the line at the back of the court). The serve must land on the inside of the service line and center service line on the other side of the net to call it good. The serve that is set has to be in the box diagonal to where the server serves.
  • A volley is a shot that is hit before the ball bounces on the ground. Usually, a player hits a volley while standing near the net. It is sometimes done farther back, in the middle of the court or even near the back.
  • A drop shot is tapping . A good drop shot travels just far enough that the opponent cannot run fast enough to get to it.
  • A lob is a shot that can use backhand or forehand swings. For a lob the person has to swing through, but make the tennis ball go up. When the ball goes up the goal is for the ball to land in between the baseline (the line at the back of the court) and the service line.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tennis
Alemannisch: Tennis
Ænglisc: Tennis
العربية: كرة المضرب
aragonés: Tenis
asturianu: Tenis
azərbaycanca: Tennis
تۆرکجه: تنیس
বাংলা: টেনিস
Bân-lâm-gú: The-ní-suh
башҡортса: Теннис
беларуская: Тэніс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэніс
български: Тенис
Boarisch: Tennis
bosanski: Tenis
brezhoneg: Tennis
català: Tennis
Чӑвашла: Теннис
čeština: Tenis
Cymraeg: Tenis
dansk: Tennis
Deitsch: Tennis
Deutsch: Tennis
eesti: Tennis
Ελληνικά: Αντισφαίριση
English: Tennis
español: Tenis
Esperanto: Teniso
estremeñu: Tenis
euskara: Tenis
فارسی: تنیس
Fiji Hindi: Tennis
føroyskt: Tennis
français: Tennis
Frysk: Tennis
Gaeilge: Leadóg
galego: Tenis
贛語: 網球
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mióng-khiù
한국어: 테니스
Հայերեն: Թենիս
हिन्दी: टेनिस
hrvatski: Tenis
Ido: Teniso
Ilokano: Tenis
Bahasa Indonesia: Tenis
Interlingue: Ténnis
íslenska: Tennis
italiano: Tennis
עברית: טניס
Basa Jawa: Tènes
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಟೆನ್ನಿಸ್
ქართული: ჩოგბურთი
қазақша: Теннис
Kinyarwanda: Tenisi
Kiswahili: Tennis
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tenis
kurdî: Tenîs
Кыргызча: Теннис
лезги: Теннис
Latina: Teniludus
latviešu: Teniss
Lëtzebuergesch: Tennis
lietuvių: Tenisas
Limburgs: Tennis
Livvinkarjala: Tennissu
magyar: Tenisz
македонски: Тенис
മലയാളം: ടെന്നീസ്
मराठी: टेनिस
მარგალური: ჩოგანბურთი
مصرى: تنس
Bahasa Melayu: Tenis
Mirandés: Ténis
монгол: Теннис
Nederlands: Tennis
नेपाल भाषा: टेनिस
日本語: テニス
нохчийн: Теннис
norsk: Tennis
norsk nynorsk: Tennis
occitan: Tennis
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tennis
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੇਂਦ-ਛਿੱਕਾ
پنجابی: ٹینس
Picard: Tennis
Plattdüütsch: Tennis
polski: Tenis
português: Ténis
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tennis
română: Tenis
rumantsch: Tennis
русиньскый: Теніс
русский: Теннис
саха тыла: Теннис
Gagana Samoa: Tenisi
संस्कृतम्: टेनिस्-क्रीडा
sardu: Tennis
Scots: Tennis
Sesotho sa Leboa: Thenisi
shqip: Tenisi
sicilianu: Tennis
සිංහල: ටෙනිස්
slovenčina: Tenis
slovenščina: Tenis
ślůnski: Tyńis źymny
Soomaaliga: Ciyaarta Teeniska
کوردی: تێنیس
српски / srpski: Тенис
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tenis
Basa Sunda: Ténis
suomi: Tennis
svenska: Tennis
Tagalog: Tennis
தமிழ்: டென்னிசு
татарча/tatarça: Теннис
తెలుగు: టెన్నిసు
тоҷикӣ: Теннис
Türkçe: Tenis
Türkmençe: Tenis
українська: Теніс
اردو: ٹینس
Tiếng Việt: Quần vợt
Võro: Tennis
walon: Tenisse
West-Vlams: Tennis
Winaray: Tenis
吴语: 网球
ייִדיש: טעניס
Yorùbá: Tẹ́nìs
粵語: 網球
Zazaki: Tenis
žemaitėška: Tenėsos
中文: 网球
Kabɩyɛ: Teniisi
Lingua Franca Nova: Tenis