Tehran

Tehran

تهران
Nickname(s): 
TEH
Country Iran
ProvinceTehran
CountyTehran
BakhshCentral
Government
 • MayorMohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
 • City CouncilChairman: Mehdi Chamran
Area
 • Urban
730 km2 (280 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,274 km2 (492 sq mi)
Elevation
1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Population
(2010)
 • Density10,327.6/km2 (26,748.3/sq mi)
 • Urban
9,110,347
 • Metro
13,413,348
 • Population Rank in Iran
1st
 Population Data from 2006 Census and Tehran Municipality.[1] Metro area figure refers to Tehran Province.
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
www.tehran.ir

Tehran (or Teheran, Persian: تهران‎), is the capital of Iran and the center of Tehran Province.The origin of the name Tehran is unknown. The word Tehran means warm mountain slope. Tehran is at the foot of the Alborz mountain range.

Tehran is the 32nd National Capital of Iran. It is the largest city in the Middle East & Western Asia. It is the 16th most populated city in the world. It has about 8 million people. Tehran has 4 counties: Tehran, Shemiranat, Rey & Islamshahr. Tehran has a large network of highways.

History

Tehran was well known as a village in the 9th century, but was less well-known than the city of Rhages (Ray). Tehran today, replaces Ray, the ancient capital of Iran destroyed by the Mongols in 1220 A.D., the ruins of which can be seen 6 km south of Tehran. In 1869/70 A.D., Tehran acquired considerable prestige and was enclosed in an 8 km rampart which had 12 gates.

During the Safavid period, Shah Safi created a military base in Tehran, and had two great towers erected therein, which became known as Ghaleh Meydan and Ghaleh Hessa. Karim Khan Zand lived in Tehran. for 4 years. In the early 18th century, Karim Khan Zand, ordered a palace, and a government office to be built in Tehran. Later he moved his government capital to Shiraz.

Tehran became the capital of Iran, in 1795, when Agha Mohammad Khan, became King. It is still the capital. During the reign of Agha Mohammad khan, the government headquarters were built north of Emam_zade Zayd. Agha Mohammad Khan became King of Iran in Khalvat Karimkhani Palace in Tehran. During the reign of Fath Ali Shah, the soltani mosque, the Abbas_abad bazaar, and the Ilchi garden (the site of today`s Russian embassy) were added. Nasser_e_din_Shah changed the palace from center of Tehran to Sadabad. He changed the view of Tehran from a town to a modern capital.

In the Russia Embassy in Iran, the Tehran Conference was held. The Tehran Conference (codenamed Eureka) was the meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill between November 28 and December 1, 1943. Most of it was held at the Soviet Embassy in Tehran, Iran. It was the first World War II conference amongst the Big Three (the Soviet Union, the United States, and the United Kingdom) where Stalin was present. The aim of the Tehran conference was to plan the final strategy for the war against Nazi Germany and its allies. The discussion was mostly about the opening of a second front in Western Europe.

During 1980–88, Tehran was attacked by scud missiles and air strikes. After the Islamic Revolution in Iran and during war between Iran and Iraq, many people left Tehran. In recent years, many professional people who lived in Tehran, left Iran for freedom and a better life in other countries. Traffic, crime, drugs and lack of freedom in Tehran, are most important reasons.

Last Mayors of Tehran

Aerial View of Tehran 26.11.2008 04-35-03.JPG
  1. Mohammadbagher Ghalibaf
  2. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (President of Iran)
  3. Mohammad Malekmadani
  4. Morteza Alviri (Member of Kargozaran Sazandegi Party)
  5. Gholamhossein Karbaschi (President of Kargozaran Sazandegi Party)
  6. Mohmmadnabi Habibi (Current President of Islamic Motalefeh Party)
Other Languages
Acèh: Tèhran
Адыгэбзэ: Дыхьэрэн
адыгабзэ: Тегеран
Afrikaans: Teheran
Alemannisch: Teheran
አማርኛ: ቴህራን
العربية: طهران
aragonés: Teherán
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܛܗܪܐܢ
অসমীয়া: তেহৰাণ
asturianu: Teḥrán
azərbaycanca: Tehran
تۆرکجه: تهران
বাংলা: তেহরান
Bân-lâm-gú: Tehran
башҡортса: Тәһран
беларуская: Тэгеран
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэгеран
Bikol Central: Tehran
български: Техеран
Boarisch: Teheran
བོད་ཡིག: ཏེ་ཧི་རན།
bosanski: Teheran
brezhoneg: Tehran
буряад: Тегеран
català: Teheran
Чӑвашла: Тегеран
čeština: Teherán
Chi-Chewa: Tehran
chiShona: Tehran
Cymraeg: Tehran
dansk: Teheran
davvisámegiella: Teheran
Deutsch: Teheran
डोटेली: तेहरान
eesti: Teheran
Ελληνικά: Τεχεράνη
English: Tehran
эрзянь: Тегеран ош
español: Teherán
Esperanto: Teherano
estremeñu: Teherán
euskara: Teheran
فارسی: تهران
Fiji Hindi: Tehran
føroyskt: Tehran
français: Téhéran
Frysk: Teheran
Gaeilge: Teheran
Gagauz: Tahran
Gàidhlig: Tehran
galego: Teherán
ГӀалгӀай: Тегеран
گیلکی: تئران
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tehran
한국어: 테헤란
Hausa: Tehran
հայերեն: Թեհրան
हिन्दी: तेहरान
hornjoserbsce: Teheran
hrvatski: Teheran
Ido: Tehran
Ilokano: Tehran
Bahasa Indonesia: Teheran
interlingua: Teheran
Interlingue: Teheran
Ирон: Тæхран
íslenska: Teheran
italiano: Teheran
עברית: טהראן
Basa Jawa: Teheran
Kabɩyɛ: Teeraŋ
kalaallisut: Tehran
ಕನ್ನಡ: ತೆಹ್ರಾನ್
ქართული: თეირანი
қазақша: Тегеран
kernowek: Tehran
Kiswahili: Tehran
Kongo: Teheran
Kreyòl ayisyen: Teheran
kurdî: Tehran
Кыргызча: Тегеран
لۊری شومالی: تیرۊ
Latina: Teheranum
latviešu: Teherāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Teheran
лезги: Тегьран
lietuvių: Teheranas
Ligure: Teheran
Limburgs: Teheran
Livvinkarjala: Tegeran
lumbaart: Teheran
magyar: Teherán
македонски: Техеран
Malagasy: Teheran
മലയാളം: ടെഹ്റാൻ
Māori: Tehran
मराठी: तेहरान
მარგალური: თეირანი
مصرى: طهران
مازِرونی: تهرون
Bahasa Melayu: Teheran
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tehran
монгол: Тегеран
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တီဟီရန်မြို့
Nederlands: Teheran
नेपाली: तेहरान
नेपाल भाषा: तेहरान
日本語: テヘラン
Napulitano: Teheran
нохчийн: ТехӀран
Norfuk / Pitkern: Tegeraan
norsk: Teheran
norsk nynorsk: Teheran
occitan: Teheran
олык марий: Тегеран
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ତେହେରାନ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tehron
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤਹਿਰਾਨ
پنجابی: تہران
Papiamentu: Teheran
پښتو: تهران
Piemontèis: Teheran
polski: Teheran
português: Teerã
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tehran
qırımtatarca: Tehran
română: Teheran
rumantsch: Teheran
Runa Simi: Tehran
русиньскый: Тегеран
русский: Тегеран
саха тыла: Тегеран
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱛᱮᱦᱨᱟᱱ
sardu: Teheran
Scots: Tehran
shqip: Teherani
sicilianu: Teheran
සිංහල: ටෙහ්රාන්
slovenčina: Teherán
slovenščina: Teheran
ślůnski: Teheran
Soomaaliga: Tahraan
کوردی: تاران
српски / srpski: Техеран
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Teheran
suomi: Teheran
svenska: Teheran
Tagalog: Teherán
தமிழ்: தெகுரான்
Taqbaylit: Ṭehran
tarandíne: Teheran
татарча/tatarça: Тәһран
తెలుగు: టెహరాన్
тоҷикӣ: Теҳрон
Türkçe: Tahran
Türkmençe: Tähran
Twi: Teheran
удмурт: Тегеран
українська: Тегеран
اردو: تہران
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: تېھران
vèneto: Tehran
vepsän kel’: Tehran
Tiếng Việt: Tehran
Volapük: Tehran
Võro: Teheran
文言: 德黑蘭
Winaray: Tehran
吴语: 德黑兰
ייִדיש: טעהראן
Yorùbá: Tehran
粵語: 德黑蘭
Zazaki: Tehran
žemaitėška: Teherans
中文: 德黑兰