|Sun Myung Moon|
Moon in Las Vegas, Nevada, 4 April 2010
25 February 1920
Chongju, North P'yŏng'an, Japanese Korea
(now North Pyongan, North Korea)
|Died||3 September 2012 (aged 92)|
Gapyeong County, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
|Occupation||Religious leader, businessperson, media mogul, political activist|
|Known for||Founder of Unification Church|
|Spouse(s)||Choi Sun-kil (1944–1953)|
Hak Ja Han (1960–2012)
|Revised Romanization||Mun Seon-myeong|
|Revised Romanization||Mun Yong-myeong|
Sun Myung Moon (25 February 1920 – 3 September 2012) was a Korean religious leader, businessman and political activist. He believed he was the second coming of Jesus Christ. He founded the Unification Church. He was an ardent anti-communist and advocate for Korean reunification. He was recognized by the governments of North and South Korea. His business interests included New World Communications, an American news group that owned The Washington Times.
Moon was born in what is now North Korea. He moved to the United States in 1971. He became well-known after giving a series of public speeches based on his beliefs.
Critics called Moon a cult leader because he made high demands on his followers. He was criticized for his relationships with political and religious people, such as Presidents of the United States Richard Nixon, George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush. His wedding ceremonies drew criticism, especially when they involved members of other churches, such as the Roman Catholic bishop Emmanuel Milingo.
Moon died on 3 September 2012 of pneumonia and its complications.