Sufism

Sufism (also known as Tassawuf) is a group or branch in Islam with a mystic path or system. Someone who practices Sufism is called a Sufi, and may be a Dervish or a Fakir.

Origins

At first, Sufism only meant making Islam more personal and internal. Some say it first came from constantly reciting the Qur'an, meditating, and through experience. Others believe that Sufism is trying to live as the Islamic prophet Muhammad did, to be closer to God. This is how the Prophet taught his disciples.[1] Additionally, the Muslim conquests had brought large numbers of Christian monks and hermits, especially in Syria and Egypt, under Muslim rule.[2] They believed in a deeply spiritual and mystical (even 'Platonic') way of life and many of their ways became part of early Sufism.[2]

Some of these teachings were summarized in texts (in Arabic initially). Important contributions in writing are attributed to Uwais al-Qarni, Harrm bin Hian, Hasan Basri and Sayid ibn al-Mussib, who are regarded as among the first Sufis in the earliest generations of Islam. Harith al-Muhasibi was the first one to write about moral psychology. Rabia Basri was a Sufi known for her love and passion for God, expressed through her poetry. Bayazid Bastami was among the first theorists of Sufism.

Sufism already had a long history when some teachers began to set up formal schools or orders (Tarika or Tariqah) in the early Middle Ages. Almost all existing Sufi orders today trace their roots and chain of transmission (silsila) back to Muhammad, via one of these orders.

Other Languages
Acèh: Tasawôh
Адыгэбзэ: Суфиигъэ
Afrikaans: Soefisme
Alemannisch: Sufismus
العربية: صوفية
aragonés: Sufismo
asturianu: Sufismu
azərbaycanca: Sufizm
تۆرکجه: صوفی‌لیک
বাংলা: সুফিবাদ
Bân-lâm-gú: Sufi-phài
башҡортса: Суфыйсылыҡ
беларуская: Суфізм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Суфізм
български: Суфизъм
bosanski: Tesavuf
brezhoneg: Soufiegezh
català: Sufisme
čeština: Súfismus
Cymraeg: Swffïaeth
dansk: Sufisme
Deutsch: Sufismus
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޞޫފީން
eesti: Sufism
Ελληνικά: Σούφι
English: Sufism
español: Sufismo
Esperanto: Sufiismo
euskara: Sufismo
فارسی: تصوف
føroyskt: Sufisma
français: Soufisme
Frysk: Soefisme
galego: Sufismo
한국어: 수피파
հայերեն: Սուֆիզմ
हिन्दी: सूफ़ीवाद
hrvatski: Sufizam
Ilokano: Supismo
Bahasa Indonesia: Sufisme
íslenska: Súfismi
italiano: Sufismo
עברית: סופיות
Basa Jawa: Sufisme
ქართული: სუფიზმი
қазақша: Сопылық
Kiswahili: Usufii
kurdî: Sofîtî
Кыргызча: Суфизм
Latina: Sufismus
latviešu: Sūfisms
lietuvių: Sufizmas
magyar: Szúfizmus
македонски: Суфизам
മലയാളം: സൂഫിസം
मराठी: सूफी पंथ
مصرى: صوفيه
Bahasa Melayu: Kesufian
Nederlands: Soefisme
нохчийн: Суьпалла
norsk: Sufisme
norsk nynorsk: Sufisme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tasavvuf
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸੂਫ਼ੀਵਾਦ
پنجابی: تصوف
پښتو: تصوف
Piemontèis: Sufism
polski: Sufizm
português: Sufismo
română: Sufism
русиньскый: Суфізм
русский: Суфизм
саха тыла: Суфизм
संस्कृतम्: सूफीमतम्
Scots: Sufism
shqip: Sufizmi
sicilianu: Sufismu
سنڌي: تصوف
slovenčina: Sufizmus
slovenščina: Sufizem
Soomaaliga: Suufi
کوردی: سۆفیگەری
српски / srpski: Суфизам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sufizam
svenska: Sufism
татарча/tatarça: Суфичылык
Türkçe: Tasavvuf
українська: Суфізм
اردو: تصوف
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سوپىزم (تەسەۋۋۇپ)
Vahcuengh: Suhfeicujyi
Tiếng Việt: Sufi giáo
walon: Soufisse
Winaray: Sufismo
吴语: 苏菲主义
ייִדיש: סופיזם
粵語: 蘇菲派
žemaitėška: Sofėzmos
中文: 蘇非主義