Sucrose

Sucrose

Sucrose
Sucrose

General
Systematic nameSucrose
Other namesSugar, Saccharose
atomic formulaC12H22O11
SMILESOC1C(OC(CO)C(O)C1O)
OC2(CO)OC(CO)C(O)C2O
Molar mass342.29648 g/mol
Appearancewhite solid
CAS number[57-50-01]
Chemical Properties
Density and phase1.587 g/cm³, solid
Solubility in water211.5 g/100 ml (25°C)
Melting point186°C (459.15 K)
Boiling pointdecomposition
+66.47°
Refractive index1.5376
Structure
Molecular shape?
Crystal structuremonoclinic hemihedral
Dipole moment? D
Hazards
MSDSExternal MSDS
Main hazardsCombustible
NFPA 704

NFPA 704.svg

1
1
0
 
Flash pointN/A
R/S statementR: ?
S: ?
RTECS numberWN6500000
Supplementary data page
propertiesn, , etc.
dataPhase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral dataUV, IR, NMR, MS
Related compounds
Other anions?
Other cations?
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25°C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
Solubility of Pure Sucrose
Temperature(C)g sucrose/g water
502.59
552.73
602.89
653.06
703.25
753.46
803.69
853.94
904.20

Sucrose (common name: table sugar, also called saccharose) is a disaccharide (glucose + fructose) with the molecular formula C12H22O11. Its systematic name is α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranose. It is best known for its role in human nutrition and is formed by plants but not by higher organisms.

Physical and chemical properties

Pure sucrose is most often prepared as a fine, white, odorless crystalline powder with a pleasing, sweet taste.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Suiker
العربية: سكروز
asturianu: Sacarosa
تۆرکجه: ساکاروز
Bân-lâm-gú: Chià-thn̂g
беларуская: Цукроза
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Цукроза
български: Захароза
bosanski: Saharoza
català: Sacarosa
čeština: Sacharóza
Cymraeg: Swcros
dansk: Sukrose
Deutsch: Saccharose
eesti: Sahharoos
English: Sucrose
español: Sacarosa
Esperanto: Sakarozo
euskara: Sakarosa
فارسی: ساکارز
français: Saccharose
Frysk: Sacharoaze
Gaeilge: Siúcrós
galego: Sacarosa
한국어: 수크로스
հայերեն: Սախարոզ
hrvatski: Saharoza
Bahasa Indonesia: Sukrosa
íslenska: Súkrósi
italiano: Saccarosio
עברית: סוכרוז
Basa Jawa: Sukrosa
ქართული: საქაროზა
қазақша: Сахароза
kurdî: Sakaroz
Кыргызча: Сахароза
Latina: Saccharosum
latviešu: Saharoze
Lëtzebuergesch: Saccharos
lietuvių: Sacharozė
magyar: Szacharóz
македонски: Сахароза
മലയാളം: സുക്രോസ്
مصرى: سوكروز
Bahasa Melayu: Sukrosa
Nederlands: Sacharose
日本語: スクロース
Nordfriisk: Saccharoos
norsk: Rørsukker
norsk nynorsk: Sukrose
occitan: Sacaròsa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Saharoza
polski: Sacharoza
português: Sacarose
română: Zaharoză
русский: Сахароза
Scots: Sucrose
shqip: Sakaroza
සිංහල: සුක්රෝස්
slovenčina: Sacharóza
slovenščina: Saharoza
српски / srpski: Сахароза
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Saharoza
Basa Sunda: Sukrosa
suomi: Sakkaroosi
svenska: Sackaros
తెలుగు: సుక్రోజ్
Türkçe: Sakkaroz
українська: Сахароза
اردو: شکر
Tiếng Việt: Saccarose
粵語: 蔗醣
中文: 蔗糖
ГӀалгӀай: Шекар