Species

Biological classification L Pengo.svg

A species[1] is a kind of organism. It is a basic unit of biological classification, and a formal rank in taxonomy. Originally, the word was used informally in a rather vague way, but now there are at least 26 different ways it is used.[2]

All animals or plants that are the same kind belong to the same species. Wolves (Canis lupus) are one species. Humans (Homo sapiens) are another species. Broadly, the idea is that, for example, cats breed with cats and produce more cats. This is the basis for deciding to have a species called Felis catus. However, to give a simple definition of 'species' is difficult, and many people have tried.[3]

Species is a word for a particular kind of living thing, for example, a jackdaw. Jackdaws and ravens are similar, so they are together in a larger group (taxon) called a genus, in this case Corvus. Then there is a family (such as the crow family, which includes crows and ravens as well as jays and magpies). Families are put together into orders such as the songbirds, which includes many families of birds. The next group is the class; all birds are in the same class. After that is the phylum, such as vertebrates, which is all animals with backbones. Last of all is the kingdom, like the animal kingdom. These are ways to classify living things.

There is a mnemonic to help people remember the order of the divisions which are listed again below: "King Phillip Came Over For Great Spaghetti".

Example

Take as an example the bird called a Common Loon or Great Northern Diver:

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Spesie
Alemannisch: Art (Biologie)
العربية: نوع (تصنيف)
aragonés: Especie
asturianu: Especie
Avañe'ẽ: Juehegua
azərbaycanca: Bioloji növ
বাংলা: প্রজাতি
башҡортса: Төр (биология)
беларуская: Біялагічны від
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Від (біялёгія)
भोजपुरी: प्रजाति
български: Вид (биология)
Boarisch: Oart (Biologie)
brezhoneg: Spesad
català: Espècie
Чӑвашла: Тĕс (биологи)
čeština: Druh
Cymraeg: Rhywogaeth
dansk: Art
English: Species
español: Especie
Esperanto: Specio
euskara: Espezie
Fiji Hindi: Species
français: Espèce
Frysk: Soarte
Gaeilge: Speiceas
galego: Especie
한국어: 종 (생물학)
hornjoserbsce: Družina (biologija)
hrvatski: Vrsta
Ilokano: Sebbangan
Bahasa Indonesia: Spesies
interlingua: Specie
italiano: Specie
Basa Jawa: Spésies
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜಾತಿ
Kapampangan: Species
къарачай-малкъар: Биология тюрлю
ქართული: სახეობა
қазақша: Түр
Kiswahili: Spishi
Kreyòl ayisyen: Espès
kurdî: Cure
Кыргызча: Түр
latviešu: Suga
Lëtzebuergesch: Aart
lietuvių: Rūšis
lumbaart: Spéce
magyar: Faj
македонски: Вид (биологија)
മലയാളം: സ്പീഷീസ്
Malti: Speċi
მარგალური: გვარობა
Bahasa Melayu: Spesies
монгол: Зүйл
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မျိုးစိတ်
Nederlands: Soort
नेपाल भाषा: प्रजाति
日本語: 種 (分類学)
Napulitano: Specia
Nordfriisk: Slach
norsk: Art
norsk nynorsk: Art
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tur (biologiya)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪ੍ਰਜਾਤੀ
پنجابی: سپیشیز
Patois: Spiishi
Piemontèis: Spece
Plattdüütsch: Oort (Biologie)
português: Espécie
Runa Simi: Rikch'aq
русиньскый: Вид (біолоґія)
Scots: Species
shqip: Specia
slovenčina: Druh (taxonómia)
slovenščina: Vrsta (biologija)
کوردی: جۆرە
српски / srpski: Врста (биологија)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vrsta
Basa Sunda: Spésiés
suomi: Laji
svenska: Art
Tagalog: Espesye
татарча/tatarça: Төр (биология)
తెలుగు: జాతి
Türkçe: Tür
Türkmençe: Biologik görnüş
українська: Вид
اردو: نوع
vèneto: Spece
Tiếng Việt: Loài
West-Vlams: Sôorte
Winaray: Espesyis
ייִדיש: זגאל
粵語: 物種
中文: 物种
ГӀалгӀай: Биологен кеп