Spanish language

Spanish
español
castellano
Pronunciation [espaˈɲol], [kasteˈʎano]
Region Spain and Latin America (see below)
Native speakers 427 million  (2016) [1]
+80 million as a second language [2]
Language family
Indo-European
  • Italic
    • Romance
      • Western Romance
        • Gallo-Iberian
          • Ibero-Romance
            • West-Iberian
              • Castilian languages
                • Spanish
Early forms:
Old Spanish
  • Spanish
Writing system Latin ( Spanish alphabet)
Spanish Braille
Official status
Official language in
Regulated by Association of Spanish Language Academies
( Real Academia Española and 21 other national Spanish language academies)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 es
ISO 639-2 spa
ISO 639-3 spa
Linguasphere 51-AAA-b
Map-Hispanophone World.png
     Countries where Spanish has official status.

     Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 25% or more of the population.      Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 10–20% of the population.

     Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 5–9.9% of the population.

The Spanish language (Spanish: español, pronounced "Eh-span-yole", IPA: /espaɲol/) is one of the Romance languages that came from the Latin language. It is the most commonly spoken Romance language in the world. As of November 2015, over 360 million people in the world spoke Spanish as their first language. [3]

Usage

The Spanish language is used by many people in the world today. This is partly because the people of Spain traveled and colonized many different parts of the world. They created many new countries, and also new governments, in some old countries for example, Turkey.[ source?] The countries that have Spanish as an official language are called the Hispanic countries. Most of them are in the Americas, which make up Latin America. They include the following:

In North America, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands:

In the United States [4] and Belize, [5] most people use English, but Spanish is the second most-used language.

In South America:

Many Brazilians learn Spanish as a second language, even though Brazil's official language is Portuguese. [6]

In other parts of the world:

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Эспаныбзэ
адыгабзэ: Испаныбзэ
Afrikaans: Spaans
Akan: Spanish
Alemannisch: Spanische Sprache
አማርኛ: እስፓንኛ
العربية: لغة إسبانية
armãneashti: Ispanjolã
arpetan: Castilyan
অসমীয়া: স্পেনীছ ভাষা
asturianu: Castellanu
Avañe'ẽ: Karaiñe'ẽ
Aymar aru: Kastilla aru
azərbaycanca: İspan dili
bamanankan: Espankan
Bahasa Banjar: Bahasa spanyol
Bân-lâm-gú: Se-pan-gâ-gí
башҡортса: Испан теле
беларуская: Іспанская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гішпанская мова
भोजपुरी: स्पेनिश भाषा
Bikol Central: Tataramon na Espanyol
български: Испански език
Boarisch: Spanisch
བོད་ཡིག: སེ་པན་སྐད།
bosanski: Španski jezik
brezhoneg: Spagnoleg
català: Castellà
Чӑвашла: Испан чĕлхи
Cebuano: Kinatsila
čeština: Španělština
Chamoru: Españót
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Lengua Español
Chi-Chewa: Chispanezi
chiShona: ChiSpanish
Cymraeg: Sbaeneg
davvisámegiella: Spánskkagiella
Deitsch: Schpaanisch
ދިވެހިބަސް: އިސްޕެނިޝް
Diné bizaad: Naakaii bizaad
dolnoserbski: Špańšćina
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Spagnôl
español: Idioma español
Esperanto: Hispana lingvo
estremeñu: Lengua castellana
euskara: Gaztelania
eʋegbe: Spangbe
Fiji Hindi: Spanish bhasa
føroyskt: Spanskt mál
français: Espagnol
Frysk: Spaansk
Gaeilge: An Spáinnis
Gaelg: Spaainish
Gagauz: İspan dili
Gàidhlig: Spàinntis
贛語: 西班牙語
ગુજરાતી: સ્પેનિશ ભાષા
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sî-pân-ngà-ngî
한국어: 스페인어
Հայերեն: Իսպաներեն
hornjoserbsce: Španišćina
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: স্প্যানিশ ঠার
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Spanyol
interlingua: Lingua espaniol
Interlingue: Hispan
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓯᐸᐃᓂᑎᑐᑦ
isiXhosa: IsiSpain
isiZulu: IsiSpeyini
íslenska: Spænska
italiano: Lingua spagnola
עברית: ספרדית
Basa Jawa: Basa Spanyol
kalaallisut: Spanskisut
Kapampangan: Espanyol (amanu)
къарачай-малкъар: Испан тил
ქართული: ესპანური ენა
kaszëbsczi: Szpańsczi jãzëk
қазақша: Испан тілі
kernowek: Spaynek
Kinyarwanda: Icyesipanyole
Kiswahili: Kihispania
Kongo: Kispanya
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lang panyòl
Кыргызча: Ыспан тили
кырык мары: Испани йӹлмӹ
лакку: Спанс маз
лезги: Испан чIал
لۊری شومالی: زوٙن ئسپانیایی
latviešu: Spāņu valoda
Lëtzebuergesch: Spuenesch
lietuvių: Ispanų kalba
Limburgs: Castiliaans
lingála: Lispanyoli
Livvinkarjala: Ispanien kieli
la .lojban.: sanbau
македонски: Шпански јазик
Māori: Reo Pāniora
მარგალური: ესპანური ნინა
مازِرونی: ایسپانیولی
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Sepanyol
Baso Minangkabau: Bahaso Spanyol
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Să̤-băng-ngà-ngṳ̄
монгол: Испани хэл
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စပိန်ဘာသာစကား
Nāhuatl: Caxtillahtolli
Dorerin Naoero: Dorerin Pain
Nederlands: Spaans
Nedersaksies: Spaans
नेपाल भाषा: स्पेनी भाषा
日本語: スペイン語
Napulitano: Lengua spagnuola
Nordfriisk: Spoonsk
Norfuk / Pitkern: Spanish
norsk: Spansk
norsk nynorsk: Spansk
Nouormand: Espangno
Novial: Spanum
occitan: Espanhòu
олык марий: Испан йылме
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ispan tili
Pangasinan: Salitan Espanyol
پنجابی: ہسپانوی
Papiamentu: Spaño
Patois: Panish
Перем Коми: Эспаннёл кыв
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ភាសាអេស្ប៉ាញ
Picard: Éspaingnol
Piemontèis: Lenga spagneula
Tok Pisin: Tok Spen
Plattdüütsch: Spaansche Spraak
português: Língua castelhana
Qaraqalpaqsha: İspan tili
qırımtatarca: İspan tili
reo tahiti: Reo Paniora
Ripoarisch: Schpanische Sproch
română: Limba spaniolă
rumantsch: Lingua spagnola
Runa Simi: Kastilla simi
русиньскый: Шпанєльскый язык
саха тыла: Испаан тыла
Gagana Samoa: Fa'asipaniolo
संस्कृतम्: स्पैनिश भाषा
Sängö: Espanyöl
Seeltersk: Spoanisk
Sesotho: Sespain
Sesotho sa Leboa: Sespan
Setswana: Sespan
sicilianu: Lingua spagnola
SiSwati: Sipanishi
slovenčina: Španielčina
slovenščina: Španščina
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Їспанїискъ ѩꙁꙑкъ
Soomaaliga: Af-Isbaanish
Sranantongo: Spanyorotongo
српски / srpski: Шпански језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Španski jezik
Basa Sunda: Basa Spanyol
svenska: Spanska
tarandíne: Lènga spagnole
татарча/tatarça: Испан теле
Tshivenda: Spanish
Türkçe: İspanyolca
Türkmençe: Ispan dili
Twi: Spanish
тыва дыл: Испан дыл
удмурт: Испан кыл
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: ᨅᨔ ᨔᨄᨎᨚᨒ
українська: Іспанська мова
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئىسپان تىلى
Vahcuengh: Vah Sihbanhyaz
vepsän kel’: Ispanijan kel'
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Tây Ban Nha
Volapük: Spanyänapük
文言: 西班牙語
West-Vlams: Spoans
Winaray: Kinatsila
Wolof: Wu-ispaañ
吴语: 西班牙语
Xitsonga: Xipaniya
ייִדיש: שפאניש
Yorùbá: Èdè Spéìn
粵語: 西班牙文
Zazaki: İspanyolki
Zeêuws: Spaons
žemaitėška: Ispanu kalba
中文: 西班牙语