Spanish language

Spanish
español
castellano
Pronunciation[espaˈɲol], [kasteˈʎano]
RegionSpain and Latin America (see below)
Native speakers
427 million (2016)[1]
+80 million as a second language[2]
500 million total
Indo-European
  • Italic
    • Romance
      • Western Romance
        • Gallo-Iberian
          • Ibero-Romance
            • West-Iberian
              • Castilian languages
                • Spanish
Early form
Old Spanish
Latin (Spanish alphabet)
Spanish Braille
Official status
Official language in

Regulated byAssociation of Spanish Language Academies
(Real Academia Española and 21 other national Spanish language academies)
Language codes
es
spa
ISO 639-3spa
Linguasphere51-AAA-b
Map-Hispanophone World.png
     Countries where Spanish has official status.

     Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 25% or more of the population.     Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 10–20% of the population.

     Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 5–9.9% of the population.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Spanish spoken in Spain

The Spanish language (Spanish: español, pronounced "Eh-span-yole", IPA: /espaɲol/) is a Romance language that came from the language of Latin. It is the most spoken Romance language in the world. As of November 2015, over 360 million people in the world spoke Spanish as their first language.[3]

Usage

Spanish is used by many people in the world today, partly because Spain traveled and colonized many different parts of the world and created many new countries and new governments. The countries with Spanish as an official language are called the Hispanic countries. Most of them are in the Americas, which make up Latin America. They include the following:

In North America, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands:

In the United States[4] and Belize,[5] most people use English, but Spanish is the second-most common language.

In South America:

Many Brazilians learn Spanish as a second language even though Brazil's official language is Portuguese.[6]

In other parts of the world:

Related languages

The Spanish language was originally the language of Castile.[9] When the Western Roman Empire collapsed, Latin changed in different ways in different provinces.[10] The Latin spoken in the Iberian Peninsula developed into the Ibero-Romance language in the 6th century.[11] Castilian and Portuguese became separate languages around the 12th century.[11]

In Spain, there are other languages that also came from Latin that are connected to Spanish, like Catalan, and Galician.[12] Basque, also called Euskera or Euskara, is spoken in the Basque region of northern Spain and the southern region of France. Very different from Spanish[13], Basque is a language isolate since it is not known to have descended from any language family.

Catalan is not a dialect of Spanish and is actually more closely related to French.[9]

Name

Spanish is sometimes called Castilian because Castile is the region in Spain that is the origin of the language.[10] Castile is the region that is considered to speak the most proper form of Spanish.[10]

The Spanish word for Spanish is "español", and the Spanish word for Castilian is "castellano".[9] In the other Romance languages spoken on the Iberian Peninsula, such as Galician, Catalan, Asturian, and others, Spanish is usually called "Castellán" or "Castellà" instead of "Spanish".[14] In Spain, the name of the subject in schools is "lengua castellana" (Castilian language). However, in the regions of Spain in which people speak only Spanish, people call their language Spanish.[14]

In Portuguese, the word "castelhano" is common to mention Spanish,[15] however, in informal language, the most preferred name for the language is "espanhol". Portuguese, which is spoken in Portugal and Brazil, has many similarities to Spanish.[16]

Statistics

In 2009, for the first time in history, Spanish was the most common "mother tongue" language of the western world, more than English. It was also the second most common language on Earth, after Chinese. As of 2016, the three most common languages in the world are:[1]

  1. Chinese: Spoken by about 1.305 billion people
  2. Spanish: Spoken by about 427 million people in 34 different countries
  3. English: Spoken by 339 million people in 108 different countries

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Most Common Language". Guinness World Records. 2016.
  2. Lewis, M. Paul (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth Edition. SIL International. ISBN 978-1-55671-216-6.
  3. Posner, Rebecca, and Sala, Marius (November 30, 2015). "Spanish language". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. Ryan, Camille (August 2013). Language Use in the United States: 2011 – American Community Survey Reports (PDF) (Report). United States Census Bureau.
  5. "Belize". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. November 10, 2016.
  6. "Brazil". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. November 10, 2016.
  7. "Spanish is once again a compulsory subject in the Philippines". Archived from the original on July 14, 2010.
  8. "Brazil". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. November 10, 2016.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "What Spanish is spoken in Barcelona – Catalan vs. Castilian?". Barcelona University.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "What kind of Spanish is spoken in Madrid – is Castilian the purest type of Spanish?". Madrid University.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Ibero-Romance Languages". Project Gutenberg Self-Publishing Press. World Heritage Encyclopedia.
  12. "Languages across Europe: Spain". BBC. October 14, 2014.
  13. Michelena, Luis, and de Rijk, Rudolf P.G. (February 19, 2009). "Basque Language". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Names Given to the Spanish Language". November 4, 2005.
  15. Aseguinolaza, Fernando Cabo; Abuin, Anxo; Dominguez, Cesar (eds.). A Comparative History of Literatures in the Iberian Peninsula, Volume 1. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISBN 978-90-272-3457 Check |isbn= value: length (help).
  16. Sala, Marius; Posner, Rebecca (November 30, 2015). "Portuguese Language". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc.

Other websites

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Эспаныбзэ
адыгабзэ: Испаныбзэ
Afrikaans: Spaans
Akan: Spanish
Alemannisch: Spanische Sprache
አማርኛ: እስፓንኛ
armãneashti: Limba ispańolâ
arpetan: Castilyan
Avañe'ẽ: Karaiñe'ẽ
Aymar aru: Kastilla aru
azərbaycanca: İspan dili
bamanankan: Espankan
Bân-lâm-gú: Se-pan-gâ-gí
башҡортса: Испан теле
беларуская: Іспанская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гішпанская мова
भोजपुरी: स्पेनिश भाषा
Bikol Central: Tataramon na Espanyol
български: Испански език
བོད་ཡིག: སེ་པན་སྐད།
bosanski: Španski jezik
brezhoneg: Spagnoleg
català: Castellà
Чӑвашла: Испан чĕлхи
Cebuano: Kinatsila
čeština: Španělština
Chamoru: Españót
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Lengua Español
Chi-Chewa: Chispanezi
chiShona: ChiSpanish
Cymraeg: Sbaeneg
davvisámegiella: Spánskkagiella
Deitsch: Schpaanisch
ދިވެހިބަސް: އިސްޕެނިޝް
Diné bizaad: Naakaii bizaad
dolnoserbski: Špańšćina
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Spagnôl
español: Idioma español
Esperanto: Hispana lingvo
estremeñu: Luenga castellana
euskara: Gaztelania
eʋegbe: Spangbe
Fiji Hindi: Spanish bhasa
føroyskt: Spanskt mál
français: Espagnol
Frysk: Spaansk
Gaeilge: An Spáinnis
Gaelg: Spaainish
Gagauz: İspan dili
Gàidhlig: Spàinntis
ГӀалгӀай: ХIиспаной мотт
贛語: 西班牙語
ગુજરાતી: સ્પેનિશ ભાષા
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sî-pân-ngà-ngî
한국어: 스페인어
հայերեն: Իսպաներեն
hornjoserbsce: Španišćina
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: স্প্যানিশ ঠার
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Spanyol
interlingua: Lingua espaniol
Interlingue: Hispan
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓯᐸᐃᓂᑎᑐᑦ
isiXhosa: IsiSpain
isiZulu: IsiSpeyini
íslenska: Spænska
italiano: Lingua spagnola
עברית: ספרדית
kalaallisut: Spanskisut
Kapampangan: Espanyol (amanu)
къарачай-малкъар: Испан тил
ქართული: ესპანური ენა
kaszëbsczi: Szpańsczi jãzëk
қазақша: Испан тілі
kernowek: Spaynek
Kinyarwanda: Icyesipanyole
Kiswahili: Kihispania
Kongo: Kispanya
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lang panyòl
kriyòl gwiyannen: Èspangnòl
Кыргызча: Испан тили
кырык мары: Испани йӹлмӹ
лакку: Спанс маз
لۊری شومالی: زڤون اْسپانیایی
latviešu: Spāņu valoda
Lëtzebuergesch: Spuenesch
лезги: Испан чIал
lietuvių: Ispanų kalba
Limburgs: Castiliaans
lingála: Lispanyoli
Lingua Franca Nova: Espaniol (lingua)
Livvinkarjala: Ispanien kieli
la .lojban.: sanbau
македонски: Шпански јазик
Māori: Reo Pāniora
მარგალური: ესპანური ნინა
مازِرونی: ایسپانیولی
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Sepanyol
Minangkabau: Bahaso Spanyol
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Să̤-băng-ngà-ngṳ̄
монгол: Испани хэл
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စပိန်ဘာသာစကား
Nāhuatl: Caxtillahtolli
Dorerin Naoero: Dorerin Pain
Nederlands: Spaans
Nedersaksies: Spaans
नेपाल भाषा: स्पेनी भाषा
日本語: スペイン語
Napulitano: Lengua spagnuola
Nordfriisk: Spoonsk spriak
Norfuk / Pitkern: Spanish
norsk: Spansk
norsk nynorsk: Spansk
Nouormand: Espangnô
Novial: Spanum
occitan: Espanhòu
олык марий: Испан йылме
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ispan tili
Pangasinan: Salitan Espanyol
پنجابی: ہسپانوی
Papiamentu: Spaño
Patois: Panish
Перем Коми: Эспаннёл кыв
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ភាសាអេស្ប៉ាញ
Picard: Éspaingnol
Piemontèis: Lenga spagneula
Tok Pisin: Tok Spen
Plattdüütsch: Spaansche Spraak
português: Língua castelhana
Qaraqalpaqsha: İspan tili
qırımtatarca: İspan tili
reo tahiti: Reo Paniora
Ripoarisch: Schpanische Sproch
română: Limba spaniolă
rumantsch: Lingua spagnola
Runa Simi: Kastilla simi
русиньскый: Шпанєльскый язык
саха тыла: Испаан тыла
Gagana Samoa: Fa'asipaniolo
संस्कृतम्: स्पैनिश भाषा
Sängö: Espanyöl
Seeltersk: Spoanske Sproake
Sesotho: Sespain
Sesotho sa Leboa: Sespan
Setswana: Sespan
sicilianu: Lingua spagnola
SiSwati: Sipanishi
slovenčina: Španielčina
slovenščina: Španščina
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Їспанїискъ ѩꙁꙑкъ
Soomaaliga: Af-Isbaanish
Sranantongo: Spanyorotongo
српски / srpski: Шпански језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Španski jezik
svenska: Spanska
tarandíne: Lènga spagnole
татарча/tatarça: Испан теле
ትግርኛ: ስፓኒሽ
Tshivenda: Spanish
Türkçe: İspanyolca
Türkmençe: Ispan dili
Twi: Spanish
тыва дыл: Испан дыл
удмурт: Испан кыл
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: ᨅᨔ ᨔᨄᨎᨚᨒ
українська: Іспанська мова
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئىسپان تىلى
Vahcuengh: Vah Sihbanhyaz
vepsän kel’: Ispanijan kel'
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Tây Ban Nha
Volapük: Spanyänapük
文言: 西班牙語
West-Vlams: Spoans
Winaray: Kinatsila
Wolof: Wu-ispaañ
吴语: 西班牙语
Xitsonga: Xipaniya
ייִדיש: שפאניש
Yorùbá: Èdè Spéìn
粵語: 西班牙文
Zazaki: İspanyolki
Zeêuws: Spaons
žemaitėška: Ispanu kalba
中文: 西班牙语