The Spanish Armada was a Spanish
The Second in Command of the
The Armada was led by the Duke of Medina Sidonia, who had no naval experience. He replaced the original commander, who died in February.
The defeat of the armada is often attributed to a severe
The English ships were also more maneuverable. The Spanish
galleons could have their
The morale and dedication of the British sailors was high, buoyed by the famous speech by Queen Elizabeth and national loyalty, and led by experienced captains who had years of naval battles behind them. Phillip died in 1598 with fever.
However, even though the English sailors had done so well, they didn't get paid and were made to stay on their ships and 'Guard' in case there was another Spanish attack. Lord Howard of Effingham, was shocked when he found out that his soldiers weren't getting paid claiming that "I would rather have never a penny in the world, than they (his sailors) should lack...."