South Tyrol

South Tyrol
Autonome Provinz Bozen – Südtirol
Provincia autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige
Provinzia autonoma de Balsan/Bulsan – Südtirol
Autonomous Province
Coat of arms of South Tyrol
Coat of arms
Map highlighting the location of the province of South Tyrol in Italy (in red)
Map highlighting the location of the province of South Tyrol in Italy (in red)
Country   Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Capital(s) Bolzano
Comuni 116
 • Governor Luis Durnwalder ( SVP)
 • Total 7,399.97 km2 (2,857.14 sq mi)
Population (31.12.2011)
 • Total 511,750
 • Density 69.1557/km2 (179.1124/sq mi)
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
 • Summer ( DST) CEST ( UTC+2)
Postal code 39XXX
Telephone prefix 0471, 0472, 0473, 0474
Vehicle registration BZ

South Tyrol ( Italian: Sudtirolo - Alto Adige, German: Südtirol) is an autonomous province in northern Italy. It is also known by its Italian name Alto Adige. Together with the province of Trento, it makes up the region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. The province has an area of 7,400 square kilometres (2,857 sq mi). About 511,750 people live there (2011). The capital of the province is the city of Bolzano. South Tyrol borders Graubünden and Lombardia in the west, Tyrol and Salzburg in the north, Trentino and Veneto in the south.

It is part of Italy since 1918, but most of the population speaks German. Around a quarter of the population speak Italian, most of whom live in the two largest cities (Bolzano and Merano). Italian and German are both official languages. In parts of the province, a third language, Ladin, is spoken and official as well. South Tyrol is the most common name for the province in ancient English. [1] German and Ladin speakers usually refer to the area as Südtirol. The official name is the Province of Bolzano (in Italian: Provincia autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige; in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen – Südtirol; in Ladin: Provinzia autonoma de Balsan/Bulsan – Südtirol).

South Tyrol/Alto Adige is an autonomous province. It has its own legislature that makes many laws that are separate from those made by the Italian government. Luis Durnwalder has been the head of government since 1989. He belongs to the South Tyrolean People's Party, which has been governing since 1948. [2]


The name Alto Adige comes from the river Adige. "Alto" means upper, because the upper part of the river flows through the province.

The name was first created by the Napoleonic French to distinguish (point out: difference) this Italian-speaking area from the Austrian empire's Tyrol, directly north.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Suid-Tirol
Alemannisch: Südtirol
azərbaycanca: Cənubi Tirol
Bân-lâm-gú: Bolzano Chū-tī Séng
български: Южен Тирол
Boarisch: Sidtiroul
brezhoneg: Sutirol
català: Tirol del Sud
dansk: Sydtyrol
Deutsch: Südtirol
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Elt Égg’
English: South Tyrol
Esperanto: Sudtirolo
한국어: 볼차노 현
hornjoserbsce: Južny Tirol
Bahasa Indonesia: Provinsi Bolzano-Bozen
kaszëbsczi: Pôłniowi Tirol
lietuvių: Pietų Tirolis
lumbaart: Südtirol
Nederlands: Zuid-Tirol
Nedersaksies: Zuud-Tirool
norsk: Syd-Tirol
norsk nynorsk: Provinsen Bolzano
rumantsch: Tirol dal Sid
Runa Simi: Urin Tirul
slovenščina: Južna Tirolska
српски / srpski: Болцано (округ)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bolzano (provincija)
svenska: Sydtyrolen
Tagalog: Bolzano
Türkçe: Güney Tirol
Tiếng Việt: Nam Tirol
ייִדיש: דרום טיראל