Sino–Tibetan languages

Sino-Tibetan
Geographic
distribution:
East Asia
Linguistic classification:One of the world's major language families.
Subdivisions:
ISO 639-2 and 639-5:sit
Sino-tibetan languages.png
     Sino-Tibetan languages

The Sino-Tibetan or Han-Tibetan languages form a language family. This includes Chinese and the Tibeto-Burman languages, and some 250 languages of East Asia. Kra-Dai languages and Hmong–Mien languages are also sometimes included.

The largest language within this family are the Chinese languages by far with over 1.3 billion native speakers. It is also the one with the oldest writing (hanzi) going back to the Jiahu symbols in 6600 BC.

All these languages descend from a single proto-language. People are still working on what this sounded like.

Where did it come from?

Very likely the Huanghe in North-Central China (Zhongyuan).

Zhang et al. (2019) did a study of 109 Sino-Tibetan languages to suggest a Sino-Tibetan homeland in northern China near the Huanghe basin. He found there was a split between Sinitic languages and the Tibeto-Burman languages approximately 4,200-7,800 years ago (with an average of 5,900 years ago). This is connected with the expansion of the Yangshao culture and Majiayao culture.[1] Others agree by using different data; they say it came from around 7,200 years ago, around the Cishan and early Yangshao culture.[2]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Çin-Tibet dilləri
Bân-lâm-gú: Hàn-Chōng gí-hē
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сына-тыбэцкія мовы
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Hon-chhông Ngî-hì
Bahasa Indonesia: Rumpun Bahasa Sino-Tibet
Lingua Franca Nova: Linguas xinotibetan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Háng-cáung Ngṳ̄-hiê
norsk nynorsk: Sinotibetanske språk
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sino-tibetanski jezici
Tiếng Việt: Ngữ hệ Hán-Tạng
吴语: 漢藏語系
粵語: 漢藏語系
中文: 汉藏语系