Silicon

Small grains of silicon because it has been crushed. This is not the silicon used in computers.
A thin cut of a large crystal of silicon that is very smooth. This is the type of silicon can be used in computers because it is very pure.

Silicon is element 14 on the periodic table. Its symbol is Si.

Silicon looks like a metal, but does not do everything a metal does, like conduct electricity very easily. It is a metalloid. Silicon is used as a great deal in today's computers and virtually every electronic device. Germanium can also be used in computers, but silicon is easier to find.

There is a lot of silicon on the Earth. At the beach, there is silicon in the form of sand. Sand is a compound of silicon known as silicon dioxide or silica. Glass is made by heating sand (or silicon dioxide) hot enough.[1] The glass can have different colours by adding coloured compounds. Silicon also makes up a lot of different rocks and minerals, and they are known as silicates.

Silicon in computers

Silicon is a semiconductor, and much used in computers. A super-pure isotope of silicon, silicon-28, can now be made 40 times more pure than before. It is very important for the next big development in computers. This stores "qubits" in atoms of another element, like phosphorous, embedded in a tiny layer of ultra-pure silicon-28. These qubits can simultaneously encode a one and a zero, for incredibly fast and complex calculations.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Silikon
Alemannisch: Silicium
አማርኛ: ሲልከን
العربية: سيليكون
aragonés: Silicio
armãneashti: Siliciu
asturianu: Siliciu
Avañe'ẽ: Kuarepotiatã
azərbaycanca: Silisium
تۆرکجه: سیلیکون
বাংলা: সিলিকন
Bân-lâm-gú: Ke-sò͘
башҡортса: Кремний
беларуская: Крэмній
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Крэмн
भोजपुरी: सिलिकॉन
български: Силиций
བོད་ཡིག: སྭི་ལི་ཀོན།
bosanski: Silicij
brezhoneg: Silisiom
буряад: Сахюур
català: Silici
Чӑвашла: Кремни
Cebuano: Siliko
čeština: Křemík
corsu: Siliciu
Cymraeg: Silicon
dansk: Silicium
Deutsch: Silicium
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސިލިކަން
eesti: Räni
Ελληνικά: Πυρίτιο
English: Silicon
español: Silicio
Esperanto: Silicio
euskara: Silizio
فارسی: سیلیسیم
Fiji Hindi: Silicon
français: Silicium
furlan: Silici
Gaeilge: Sileacan
Gaelg: Shillagon
Gàidhlig: Sileacon
galego: Silicio
Gĩkũyũ: Silicon
ગુજરાતી: સિલિકોન
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Si̍t
хальмг: Цәкүр
한국어: 규소
Hawaiʻi: Silikone
հայերեն: Սիլիցիում
हिन्दी: सिलिकॉन
hrvatski: Silicij
Ido: Siliko
Bahasa Indonesia: Silikon
interlingua: Silicium
íslenska: Kísill
italiano: Silicio
עברית: צורן
Basa Jawa: Silikon
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸಿಲಿಕಾನ್
ქართული: სილიციუმი
қазақша: Кремний
Kiswahili: Silikoni
коми: Кремний
Kreyòl ayisyen: Silisyòm
kurdî: Sîlîsyûm
Кыргызча: Кремний
кырык мары: Кремний
Latina: Silicium
latviešu: Silīcijs
Lëtzebuergesch: Silizium
lietuvių: Silicis
Ligure: Siliçio
Limburgs: Silicium
Livvinkarjala: Pii
la .lojban.: cancmu
lumbaart: Silicio
magyar: Szilícium
македонски: Силициум
Malagasy: Silisiôma
മലയാളം: സിലിക്കൺ
Māori: Takawai
मराठी: सिलिकॉन
Bahasa Melayu: Silikon
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sĭk (nguòng-só)
монгол: Цахиур
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆီလီကွန်
Nāhuatl: Tecpatepozteuh
Nederlands: Silicium
नेपाली: सिलिकॉन
नेपाल भाषा: सिलिकन
日本語: ケイ素
Nordfriisk: Siliitsium
norsk: Silisium
norsk nynorsk: Silisium
occitan: Silici
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ସିଲିକନ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kremniy
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਿਲੀਕਾਨ
पालि: सिलिकन
پنجابی: سلیکان
Patois: Silikan
Piemontèis: Silissi
Plattdüütsch: Silizium
polski: Krzem
português: Silício
română: Siliciu
Runa Simi: Ullayayaq
русский: Кремний
संस्कृतम्: सिलिकन
sardu: Silìciu
Scots: Seelicon
Seeltersk: Silicium
shqip: Silici
sicilianu: Siliciu
සිංහල: සිලිකන්
slovenčina: Kremík
slovenščina: Silicij
Soomaaliga: Silikoon
کوردی: سیلیکۆن
српски / srpski: Силицијум
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Silicij
Basa Sunda: Silikon
svenska: Kisel
Tagalog: Silicon
татарча/tatarça: Кремний
తెలుగు: సిలికాన్
тоҷикӣ: Силитсий
Türkçe: Silisyum
українська: Кремній
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سىلىتسىي
vepsän kel’: Ola
Tiếng Việt: Silic
文言:
Winaray: Silicon
吴语:
ייִדיש: סיליציום
Yorùbá: Sílíkọ́nù
粵語:
中文:
Kabɩyɛ: Sɩlɩsɩyɔm