Shrub

A broom shrub in flower

A shrub or bush is a category of plants. A tree usually has one stem, which at some height has branches. A shrub can have multiple stems from the bottom up. Usually, bushes do not grow as tall as trees, very often they are less than 10–12 m tall.

Very many plants can be either shrubs or trees, depending on the growing conditions. Small, low shrubs such as lavender, periwinkle and thyme are often termed subshrubs. Shrubs can be either deciduous or evergreen.

A shrubbery is a garden with shrubs as the main feature.

Shrubs as a botanical structural form

In botany and ecology a shrub is more specifically used to describe the particular physical structural or plant life-form of woody plants which are less than 8 meters high and usually have many stems arising at or near the base.

For example, a descriptive system widely used in Australia is based on structural characteristics based on life-form, plus the height and amount of foliage cover of the tallest layer or dominant species.[1]

For shrubs 2–8 m high the following structural forms are categorized:

  • dense foliage cover (70–100%) — closed-scrub
  • mid-dense foliage cover (30–70%) — open-scrub
  • sparse foliage cover (10–30%) — tall shrubland
  • very sparse foliage cover (<10%) — tall open shrubland

For shrubs less than 2 m high the following structural forms are categorized:

  • dense foliage cover (70–100%) — closed-heath
  • mid-dense foliage cover (30–70%) — heath
  • sparse foliage cover (10–30%) — low shrubland
  • very sparse foliage cover (<10%) — low open shrubland
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Struik
አማርኛ: ቁጥቋጦ
العربية: شجيرة
aragonés: Arbusto
asturianu: Arbustu
azərbaycanca: Kol
বাংলা: গুল্ম
беларуская: Куст
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Хмызьняк
български: Храст
Boarisch: Staud
bosanski: Žbun
català: Arbust
Чӑвашла: Тĕмĕ
čeština: Keř
chiShona: Gwenzi
dansk: Busk
Deutsch: Strauch
eesti: Põõsas
Ελληνικά: Θάμνος
English: Shrub
español: Arbusto
Esperanto: Arbedo
euskara: Zuhaixka
فارسی: درختچه
français: Arbrisseau
Frysk: Strewel
Gaeilge: Tor
galego: Arbusto
한국어: 관목
हिन्दी: क्षुप
hrvatski: Grm
Ido: Arbusto
Bahasa Indonesia: Perdu
íslenska: Runni
italiano: Arbusto
עברית: שיח
Basa Jawa: Perdu
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪೊದರು
Kapampangan: Palungpung
ქართული: ბუჩქი
қазақша: Бұта
Kiswahili: Kichaka
Latina: Frutex
latviešu: Krūms
lietuvių: Krūmas
magyar: Cserje
македонски: Грмушка
मराठी: झुडुपे
მარგალური: ბართვი
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok renek
Nederlands: Struik
नेपाली: बुट्यान
नेपाल भाषा: स्वांमा
日本語: 低木
norsk: Busk
norsk nynorsk: Busk
occitan: Arbust
олык марий: Тыгыдер
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਝਾੜੀ
Piemontèis: Erborin
polski: Krzew
português: Arbusto
română: Arbust
Runa Simi: Thansa
русский: Кустарник
саха тыла: Сэппэрээк
Scots: Buss
sicilianu: Troffa
slovenčina: Ker
slovenščina: Grmovnica
српски / srpski: Жбун
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Grm
suomi: Pensas
svenska: Buske
Tagalog: Palumpong
தமிழ்: புதர்
తెలుగు: పొద
тоҷикӣ: Бутта
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏚᏩᏱᏢ
Türkçe: Çalı
українська: Кущ
Tiếng Việt: Cây bụi
walon: Bouxhon
West-Vlams: Ut
Winaray: Palungpuno
粵語: 灌木
žemaitėška: Krūms
中文: 灌木