Shanghai

The Lujiazui skyline in Shanghai
The location of Shanghai in China

Shanghai is the biggest city in China and one of the world's largest cities. It had 23,000,000 people in 2010. It is so big and important that it is a special province-level city ("municipality"), like Beijing, Tianjin, and Chongqing. Right now, it is the biggest port in the world.

Name

Shanghai in Chinese writing

The Mandarin Chinese name of Shanghai is Shànghǎi,[a] which is written as 上海 in Chinese characters. This name means "On-the-Sea" because Shanghai used to be next to the East China Sea. Today, dirt from the Yangtze River has made Pudong much bigger and downtown Shanghai is about 40 kilometers (25 mi) from the open sea. The city has become so big, though, that its government now controls other areas like Pudong and Fengxian that are still beside the sea.

Shanghai's name is a little simpler than most other Chinese cities' names, because it was a small fishing village for a long time. The short way to say its name in Chinese is still [a] (). A hu was an old kind of fishing trap that was made with bamboo and nets. The people around Shanghai used to use them to catch fish and crabs in Suzhou Creek and other waterways.

Other Languages
Acèh: Shanghai
Afrikaans: Sjanghai
Alemannisch: Shanghai
አማርኛ: ሻንግሃይ
العربية: شانغهاي
aragonés: Xangai
arpetan: Shanghai
অসমীয়া: ছাংহাই
asturianu: Shanghai
Avañe'ẽ: Changái
Aymar aru: Shanghai
azərbaycanca: Şanxay
تۆرکجه: شانقهای
bamanankan: Shanghai
বাংলা: সাংহাই
Bân-lâm-gú: Siōng-hái-chhī
башҡортса: Шанхай
беларуская: Шанхай
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Шанхай
Bikol Central: Shanghai
Bislama: Shanghai
български: Шанхай
bosanski: Šangaj
brezhoneg: Shanghai
буряад: Шанхай
català: Xangai
Чӑвашла: Шанхай
čeština: Šanghaj
Chi-Chewa: Shanghai
Cymraeg: Shanghai
dansk: Shanghai
Deutsch: Shanghai
eesti: Shanghai
Ελληνικά: Σαγκάη
English: Shanghai
эрзянь: Шанхай
español: Shanghái
Esperanto: Ŝanhajo
estremeñu: Shanghai
euskara: Shanghai
فارسی: شانگهای
Fiji Hindi: Shanghai
føroyskt: Shanghai
français: Shanghai
Frysk: Shanghai
Gaeilge: Shang-hai
Gaelg: Shanghai
Gàidhlig: Shanghai
galego: Shanghai
贛語: 上海
Gĩkũyũ: Shanghai
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sông-hói
хальмг: Шанхай
한국어: 상하이 시
Hausa: Shanghai
հայերեն: Շանհայ
हिन्दी: शंघाई
hrvatski: Šangaj
Ilokano: Shanghai
Bahasa Indonesia: Shanghai
interlingua: Shanghai
Interlingue: Shanghai
Ирон: Шанхай
isiZulu: Shanghai
íslenska: Sjanghæ
italiano: Shanghai
עברית: שאנגחאי
Basa Jawa: Shanghai
kalaallisut: Shanghai
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಶಾಂಘೈ
Kapampangan: Shanghai
къарачай-малкъар: Шанхай
ქართული: შანხაი
қазақша: Шанхай
kernowek: Shanghai
Kiswahili: Shanghai
коми: Шанхай
Kreyòl ayisyen: Shanghai
kurdî: Şanghay
Кыргызча: Шанхай
Ladino: Shanghai
лезги: Шанхай
Latina: Sciamhaevum
latviešu: Šanhaja
Lëtzebuergesch: Shanghai
lietuvių: Šanchajus
Limburgs: Sjanghai
lingála: Shanghai
la .lojban.: canxais.
lumbaart: Shanghai
magyar: Sanghaj
मैथिली: शाङ्घाई
македонски: Шангај
Malagasy: Shanghai
മലയാളം: ഷാങ്ഹായ്
Māori: Shanghai
मराठी: शांघाय
მარგალური: შანხაი
مصرى: شانجهاى
مازِرونی: شانگهای
Bahasa Melayu: Shanghai
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Siông-hāi
Mirandés: Xangai
монгол: Шанхай
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရှန်ဟိုင်းမြို့
Nāhuatl: Xanghai
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Shaghai
Nederlands: Shanghai
नेपाली: शाङ्घाई
नेपाल भाषा: शाङ्हाइ
日本語: 上海市
нохчийн: Шанхай
norsk: Shanghai
norsk nynorsk: Shanghai
Novial: Shanghai
occitan: Shanghai
олык марий: Шанхай
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Shanxay
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ੰਘਾਈ
پنجابی: شنگہائی
پښتو: شانگهای
Piemontèis: Shanghai
polski: Szanghaj
português: Xangai
Qaraqalpaqsha: Shanxay
română: Shanghai
rumantsch: Schanghai
Runa Simi: Shanghai
русиньскый: Шанґгай
русский: Шанхай
саха тыла: Шанхай
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱷᱟᱭ
Scots: Shanghai
Setswana: Shanghai
shqip: Shangai
sicilianu: Shanghai
සිංහල: ෂැංහයි
slovenčina: Šanghaj
slovenščina: Šanghaj
ślůnski: Szanghaj
کوردی: شانگھای
српски / srpski: Шангај
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Šangaj
Basa Sunda: Shanghai
suomi: Shanghai
svenska: Shanghai
Tagalog: Shanghai
தமிழ்: சாங்காய்
tarandíne: Shanghai
татарча/tatarça: Şanxay
తెలుగు: షాంఘై
тоҷикӣ: Шанхай
Tsetsêhestâhese: Shanghai
Türkçe: Şanghay
Türkmençe: Şanhaý
Twi: Shangai
удмурт: Шанхай
українська: Шанхай
اردو: شنگھائی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: شاڭخەي شەھىرى
Vahcuengh: Sanghaij
vèneto: Siangai
vepsän kel’: Šanhai
Tiếng Việt: Thượng Hải
Võro: Shanghai
文言: 上海市
Winaray: Shanghai
Wolof: Shanghai
吴语: 上海市
ייִדיש: שאנכיי
粵語: 上海
Zazaki: Şengay
žemaitėška: Šanchajos
中文: 上海市
डोटेली: शाङ्घाई
ГӀалгӀай: Шанхай
Kabɩyɛ: Caŋgayɩ