Seoul

Old and new buildings in the downtown of Seoul

Seoul (Korean: 서울) is the biggest city of the Republic of Korea (South Korea), and its capital. Its official name is Seoul Special City (Korean: 서울특별시 Seoul Teukbyeolsi). It has a population of 10 million which is about 1/5 of the Korean population and 1/7 of Korea peninsula, and covers an area of 610 km² that is only 0.6% of South Korea. It is the 6th most populated city in the world, and 7th most crowded. Seoul is the center of politics, economy, culture, transportation, and education for South Korea.

Seoul is in the middle of the Korean Peninsula. Han River (한강 Han-gang) is a major river in South Korea and the fourth longest river on the Korean peninsula. This river goes across Central Seoul.

Seoul hosted the 1986 Asian Games and the 1988 Olympic Games. It also hosted the 2007 World Schools Debating Championships.

History

Seoul is thought to be the capital of Baekje Kingdom (백제) from 18 BC. At that time, the name of the city was Wiryeseong (Korean: 위례성). Wiryeseong is thought to be Songpa-gu, Seoul. During Silla Period (신라시대), Hanju (한주) was name of Seoul. During Goryeo Period (고려시대), the name of Seoul was Namgyeong (남경) which means "the south capital". There was a palace of Goryeo Dynasty. Hanyang was name of Seoul in late Goryeo Period. After establishment of Joseon Dynasty, the name of Seoul was Hanseong (한성) and Hanseong became the capital of Joseon Kingdom. From 1910 to 1945 when Korea was under Japanese rule, the name of Seoul was Gyeongseong (경성). Since South Korea was started in 1948, it has been the capital, except for a short time during the Korean War. Seoul became a special city in 1948. April 19th Revolution (4.19혁명) and June Revolution (6월 민주항쟁) was took place in Seoul.

Other Languages
Acèh: Seoul
Afrikaans: Seoel
Alemannisch: Seoul
አማርኛ: ሶውል
العربية: سول
aragonés: Seúl
অসমীয়া: ছিউল
asturianu: Seúl
Avañe'ẽ: Seúl
azərbaycanca: Seul
تۆرکجه: سئول
বাংলা: সিউল
Bahasa Banjar: Seoul
башҡортса: Сеул
беларуская: Сеул
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сэул
भोजपुरी: सियोल
Bislama: Seoul
български: Сеул
བོད་ཡིག: སེ་ཨུལ།
bosanski: Seoul
brezhoneg: Seoul
буряад: Сеул
català: Seül
Чӑвашла: Сеул
Cebuano: Seoul
čeština: Soul
Chi-Chewa: Seoul
chiShona: Seoul
Cymraeg: Seoul
dansk: Seoul
Deutsch: Seoul
dolnoserbski: Soul
डोटेली: सियोल
eesti: Soul
Ελληνικά: Σεούλ
English: Seoul
español: Seúl
Esperanto: Seulo
estremeñu: Seúl
euskara: Seul
فارسی: سئول
Fiji Hindi: Seoul
føroyskt: Seoul
français: Séoul
Frysk: Seoel
Gaeilge: Súl
Gagauz: Seul
Gàidhlig: Seoul
galego: Seúl
ГӀалгӀай: Сеул
贛語: 首爾
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Seoul
한국어: 서울특별시
Hausa: Seoul
հայերեն: Սեուլ
हिन्दी: सियोल
hornjoserbsce: Seoul
hrvatski: Seul
Ido: Seoul
Ilokano: Seoul
Bahasa Indonesia: Seoul
interlingua: Seoul
Interlingue: Seoul
Ирон: Сеул
íslenska: Seúl
italiano: Seul
עברית: סיאול
Basa Jawa: Seoul
Kabɩyɛ: Sewuuli
kalaallisut: Seoul
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸೌಲ್
ქართული: სეული
kaszëbsczi: Seul
қазақша: Сеул
kernowek: Seoul
Kiswahili: Seoul
Kongo: Seoul
Kreyòl ayisyen: Seoul
kurdî: Sêûl
Кыргызча: Сеул
Ladino: Seul
لۊری شومالی: سئوٙل
Latina: Seulum
latviešu: Seula
Lëtzebuergesch: Seoul
лезги: Сеул
lietuvių: Seulas
Ligure: Seoul
Limburgs: Seoel
lingála: Sɔul
Lingua Franca Nova: Seoul
lumbaart: Seoul
magyar: Szöul
македонски: Сеул
മലയാളം: സോൾ
Māori: Seoul
मराठी: सोल
მარგალური: სეული
مصرى: سول
Bahasa Melayu: Seoul
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Seoul
Mirandés: Seul
монгол: Сөүл
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆိုးလ်မြို့
Nāhuatl: Seul
Dorerin Naoero: Seoul
Nederlands: Seoel
नेपाली: सोल
नेपाल भाषा: सोल
нохчийн: Сеул
Nordfriisk: Seoul
Norfuk / Pitkern: Soel
norsk: Seoul
norsk nynorsk: Seoul
occitan: Seol
олык марий: Сеул
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Seul
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਿਓਲ
پنجابی: سیول
Papiamentu: Seoul
پښتو: سيول
Patois: Siol
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សេអ៊ូល
Picard: Séoul
Piemontèis: Seoul
Tok Pisin: Sol
polski: Seul
português: Seul
Qaraqalpaqsha: Seul
qırımtatarca: Seul
română: Seul
rumantsch: Seoul
Runa Simi: Siyul
русиньскый: Соул
русский: Сеул
саха тыла: Сеул
Scots: Seoul
shqip: Seuli
sicilianu: Seoul
slovenčina: Soul
slovenščina: Seul
ślůnski: Seul
Soomaaliga: Seoul
کوردی: سێئول
српски / srpski: Сеул
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Seul
Basa Sunda: Seoul
svenska: Seoul
Tagalog: Seoul
தமிழ்: சியோல்
Taqbaylit: Seyul
tarandíne: Seul
татарча/tatarça: Seul
ไทย: โซล
тоҷикӣ: Сеул
Türkçe: Seul
Türkmençe: Seul
українська: Сеул
اردو: سؤل
Vahcuengh: Soujwj
vèneto: Seul
vepsän kel’: Seul
Tiếng Việt: Seoul
Volapük: Söul
Võro: Sŏul
Winaray: Seoul
吴语: 首尔
ייִדיש: סעאל
Yorùbá: Seoul
粵語: 首爾
Zazaki: Seul
žemaitėška: Seuls
中文: 首爾