English: Semantics

Semantics is the study of meaning. Meaning in this case refers to the relation between signifiers and what they stand for. Signifiers are words, signs and symbols.

The word semantics was first used by a French man named Michel Bréal. He studied the way that language was put together, how language changed as time passed, and the connections in languages.[1] Semantics can include simple or very complicated ideas. In everyday speech, it means a problem with understanding language that can confuse because of the words or their connotation (another idea created by a word that is not in its definition). This problem of understanding has been studied for a long time, especially in the field of formal semantics, where people explain the connection between words and their meanings in a clear way.

In linguistics (the study of language), semantics is the study of the attempts to understand signs or symbols used in agents (the words that cause an action) or communities in different situations.[2] Other items of language that are said to have meaning are sounds, facial expressions, body language, and proxemics, which is the use of personal space. Each of these topics connects to many ways of studying. In writing, things like the way paragraphs are written and the use of punctuation show meaning. Other types of language create other meanings.[2]

Formal semantics is sometimes similar to many other areas of language study. Some of these are lexicology (study of words), syntax (ordering of words), pragmatics (the study of language in different situations), and etymology (the history of words). Semantics is also a well-defined field on its own. [3]

  • references


  1. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 5e.1990, p.202
  2. 2.0 2.1 Neurath, Otto; Carnap, Rudolf; Morris, Charles F. W. (Editors) (1955). International Encyclopedia of Unified Science. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Semantiek
Alemannisch: Semantik
asturianu: Semántica
Bân-lâm-gú: Ì-bī-lūn
беларуская: Семантыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сэмантыка
български: Семантика
bosanski: Semantika
brezhoneg: Semantik
català: Semàntica
čeština: Sémantika
Cymraeg: Semanteg
dansk: Semantik
Deutsch: Semantik
eesti: Semantika
Ελληνικά: Σημασιολογία
English: Semantics
Esperanto: Semantiko
euskara: Semantika
فارسی: معناشناسی
føroyskt: Merkingarfrøði
français: Sémantique
Frysk: Semantyk
Gaelg: Semantaght
galego: Semántica
한국어: 의미론
hrvatski: Semantika
Bahasa Indonesia: Semantik
interlingua: Semantica
íslenska: Merkingarfræði
italiano: Semantica
עברית: סמנטיקה
Jawa: Semantik
қазақша: Семантика
Kiswahili: Semantiki
Kreyòl ayisyen: Semantik
Кыргызча: Семантика
Latina: Semantica
latviešu: Semantika
lietuvių: Semantika
Lingua Franca Nova: Semantica
la .lojban.: smuske
lumbaart: Semantega
magyar: Szemantika
македонски: Семантика
Bahasa Melayu: Semantik
Nederlands: Semantiek
日本語: 意味論
norsk: Semantikk
norsk nynorsk: Semantikk
Novial: Semantike
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਰਥ-ਵਿਗਿਆਨ
português: Semântica
română: Semantică
rumantsch: Semantica
русский: Семантика
Scots: Semanteecs
slovenčina: Sémantika (náuka)
slovenščina: Semantika
کوردی: واتاناسی
српски / srpski: Семантика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Semantika
svenska: Semantik
Tagalog: Palasurian
Taqbaylit: Tasnamka
татарча/tatarça: Семантика
Türkçe: Anlambilim
українська: Семантика
Tiếng Việt: Ngữ nghĩa học
Winaray: Semantika
粵語: 語義學
中文: 语义学