San Marino

Most Serene Republic of San Marino
Repubblica di San Marino
Coat of arms of San Marino
Coat of arms
Motto: Libertas (Latin)
"Freedom"
Anthem: "Inno Nazionale della Repubblica"
"National Anthem of the Republic"
San Marino  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

CapitalCity of San Marino
43°56′N 12°26′E / 43°56′N 12°26′E / 43.933; 12.433
Largest cityDogana
Official languagesItalian
Ethnic groupsSammarinese
Italian[1]
DemonymSammarinese
GovernmentParliamentary republic
• Captains Regent
Enrico Carattoni
Matteo Fiorini
LegislatureGrand and General Council
Independence
• from the Roman Empire
3 September 301 (traditional)
• Constitution
8 October 1600
Area
• Total
61.2 km2 (23.6 sq mi) (219th)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 31 December 2011 estimate
32,193 [2] (219th)
• Density
520/km2 (1,346.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2008 estimate
• Total
$1.17 billion[3][4] (177th)
• Per capita
$35,928[3][4] (24th)
GDP (nominal)2008 estimate
• Total
US$ 1.44 billion[3][4] (163rd)
• Per capita
US$ 44,208[3][4] (15th)
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code+378
Patron saintSaint Agatha
ISO 3166 codeSM
Internet TLD.sm

San Marino is one of the smallest countries in the world. It is found in southern Europe and is fully surrounded by Italy (this is called an enclave, and only the Vatican City, Lesotho and San Marino are like this). Fewer than 30,000 people live there. Its total area is 61 km2. Its capital is the City of San Marino.

San Marino is the world's oldest republic that still exists. It was started in A.D. 301 by a skilled builder called Saint Marinus. Its written constitution was adopted on October 8, 1600. The very small nation was recognized by Napoleon's France in 1797, and by the other European nations at the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

Even though it is an independent country, it depends very much on Italy. Since the 19th century, when Italy was unified, San Marino has been fully surrounded by Italy.

The biggest industry in San Marino is tourism. Selling postage stamps is an important source of income, too. San Marino is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is used in San Marino.

People in San Marino speak the Italian language. Most people in San Marino believe in Roman Catholicism.

Geography

View of a place called Borgo Maggiore
Mount Titano

San Marino is covered by the Apennine mountain range, and it has a rugged terrain. The highest point in the country is Monte Titano. There are no bodies of water of any significant size. San Marino has no natural level ground. It is hilly terrain.

San Marino is the third smallest country in Europe, Only Vatican City and Monaco are smaller.

Two rivers flow through San Marino. There is no major water transport, and no major port or harbour.

Other Languages
Acèh: San Marino
Адыгэбзэ: Сан-Марино
Afrikaans: San Marino
Alemannisch: San Marino
Ænglisc: San Marino
Аҧсшәа: Сан Марино
العربية: سان مارينو
aragonés: San Marino
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܣܢ ܡܪܝܢܘ
armãneashti: San Marino
arpetan: Sant-Marin
অসমীয়া: ছান মাৰিণ'
asturianu: San Marín
Avañe'ẽ: San Marino
azərbaycanca: San-Marino
تۆرکجه: سان مارینو
Bân-lâm-gú: San Marino
башҡортса: Сан-Марино
беларуская: Сан-Марына
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сан-Марына
भोजपुरी: सैन मरीनो
Bikol Central: San Marino
Bislama: San Marino
български: Сан Марино
Boarisch: San Marino
བོད་ཡིག: སན་མ་རི་ནོ།
bosanski: San Marino
brezhoneg: San Marino
буряад: Сан-Марино
català: San Marino
Чӑвашла: Сан-Марино
Cebuano: San Marino
čeština: San Marino
Chavacano de Zamboanga: San Marino
chiShona: San Marino
chiTumbuka: San Marino
corsu: San Marinu
Cymraeg: San Marino
dansk: San Marino
davvisámegiella: San Marino
Deutsch: San Marino
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސަން މަރީނޯ
dolnoserbski: San Marino
डोटेली: सान मारिनो
eesti: San Marino
Ελληνικά: Άγιος Μαρίνος
emiliàn e rumagnòl: San Marein
English: San Marino
español: San Marino
Esperanto: San-Marino
estremeñu: San Marinu
euskara: San Marino
eʋegbe: San Marino
Fiji Hindi: San Marino
føroyskt: San Marino
français: Saint-Marin
Frysk: San Marino
Fulfulde: San Marino
Gaeilge: San Mairíne
Gaelg: San Marino
Gagauz: San Marino
Gàidhlig: San Marino
galego: San Marino
Gĩkũyũ: Canimarino
ગુજરાતી: સાન મૅરિનો
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: सॅन मरिनो
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: San Marino
한국어: 산마리노
Hausa: San Marino
Hawaiʻi: Sana Marino
հայերեն: Սան Մարինո
हिन्दी: सान मारिनो
hornjoserbsce: San Marino
hrvatski: San Marino
Ilokano: San Marino
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: সান মারিনো
Bahasa Indonesia: San Marino
interlingua: San Marino
Interlingue: San Marino
isiZulu: USanti Marino
íslenska: San Marínó
italiano: San Marino
עברית: סן מרינו
Basa Jawa: San Marino
kalaallisut: San Marino
Kapampangan: San Marino
къарачай-малкъар: Сан-Марино
ქართული: სან-მარინო
kaszëbsczi: San Marino
қазақша: Сан-Марино
kernowek: Sen Marin
Kinyarwanda: Mutagatifu Marino
Kirundi: Saint-Marin
Kiswahili: San Marino
Kreyòl ayisyen: Sen Maren (peyi)
kurdî: San Marîno
Кыргызча: Сан Марино
Ladino: San Marino
latgaļu: San Marins
latviešu: Sanmarīno
Lëtzebuergesch: San Marino
lietuvių: San Marinas
Ligure: San Marin
Limburgs: San Marino
lingála: Santu Marino
Lingua Franca Nova: San Marino
Livvinkarjala: San Marino
lumbaart: San Marin
magyar: San Marino
македонски: Сан Марино
Malagasy: San Marino
മലയാളം: സാൻ മരീനോ
Malti: San Marino
Māori: Hato Marino
მარგალური: სან-მარინო
مازِرونی: سان مارینو
Bahasa Melayu: San Marino
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: San Marino
монгол: Сан-Марино
Dorerin Naoero: Tanmarino
Nederlands: San Marino
Nedersaksies: San Marino
नेपाली: सान मारिनो
नेपाल भाषा: सान मरिनो
日本語: サンマリノ
Napulitano: San Marino
нохчийн: Сан-Марино
Nordfriisk: San Marino
Norfuk / Pitkern: San Marino
norsk: San Marino
norsk nynorsk: San Marino
Nouormand: Saint Mathîn
Novial: San Marino
occitan: Sant Marin
олык марий: Сан-Марино
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: San Marino
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਾਨ ਮਰੀਨੋ
Pangasinan: San Marino
پنجابی: سان مرینو
Papiamentu: San Marino
Patois: San Mariino
Перем Коми: Сан Марино
Picard: Saint-Marin
Tok Pisin: San Marino
Plattdüütsch: San Marino
polski: San Marino
Ποντιακά: Άι Μαρίνος
português: San Marino
Qaraqalpaqsha: San-Marino
qırımtatarca: San Marino
română: San Marino
rumantsch: San Marino
Runa Simi: San Marino
русский: Сан-Марино
саха тыла: Сан Марино
Gagana Samoa: San Marino
संस्कृतम्: सान मरीनो
Scots: San Marino
Seeltersk: San Marino
shqip: San Marino
sicilianu: San Marinu
slovenčina: San Maríno
slovenščina: San Marino
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Санъ Марино
ślůnski: San Marino
Soomaaliga: San Marino
Sranantongo: San Marinokondre
српски / srpski: Сан Марино
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: San Marino
Basa Sunda: San Marino
suomi: San Marino
svenska: San Marino
Tagalog: San Marino
Taqbaylit: San Marin
tarandíne: San Marine
татарча/tatarça: Сан-Марино
тоҷикӣ: Сан-Марино
Türkçe: San Marino
Türkmençe: San-Marino
удмурт: Сан-Марино
українська: Сан-Марино
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سان مارىنو
Vahcuengh: San Marino
vepsän kel’: San Marino
Tiếng Việt: San Marino
Volapük: Sanmarinän
Võro: San Marino
文言: 聖馬利諾
West-Vlams: San Marino
Winaray: San Marino
Wolof: San Marino
吴语: 圣马力诺
Xitsonga: San Marino
ייִדיש: סאן מארינא
Yorùbá: San Màrínò
粵語: 聖馬連奴
Zeêuws: San Marino
žemaitėška: San Marėns
中文: 圣马力诺