Saga

Sagas are stories mostly about ancient Nordic and Germanic life. Some are entirely invented, and some have an historical basis.

They tell about early Viking voyages, the battles that took place during the voyages, about migration to Iceland and of feuds between Icelandic families. They were written in the Old Norse language, mainly in Iceland. [1]

The texts are tales in prose which share some similarities with the epic, often with stanzas or whole poems in alliterative verse embedded in the text, of heroic deeds of days long gone, "tales of worthy men," who were often Vikings, sometimes pagan, sometimes Christian. They are sometimes romanticised and fantastic, but always dealing with human beings one can understand. [2] [3]

The best sagas are recognised as fine literature. Njál's Saga, or the Saga of Burnt Njál, is one of the most famous. [4] [5]

In Old English (Anglo-Saxon), Beowulf is a saga written in England, and so is the later Gawain and the Green Knight, written in a West Midlands dialect. These are both works of the imagination, but Layamon's Brut (about 1200 AD) is based on English history since the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

Sagas of Icelanders

"The Icelandic sagas (or Sagas of Icelanders) are the backbone of all ... literature" from the Nordic countries, says Roy Jacobsen (en), a translator of Sagas of Icelanders, and author. [6]

List of the Sagas of Icelanders

  • The saga of Gísli Súrsson; or Gísla saga - (two versions) of an outlaw poet – Gísla saga
  • The saga of the people of Eyri; [7] or Eyrbyggja saga [6]
  • Ljósvetninga saga [6]
  • Vatnsdøla [6]
  • The Saga of the People of Laxárdalr; or Laxdøla saga [6]
  • Valla-Ljóts saga [6]
  • The Saga of Hen-Thorir; or Hænsna-Þóris saga
  • The saga of Gunnlaugr Snake-tongue; or Saga of Gunnlaugr Serpent-Tongue
  • Bandamanna saga [6]
  • Egil's Saga [6]
  • Hardar saga; [6] or Harðar saga ok Hólmverja
  • Rankel saga [6]
  • Bárðar saga Snæfellsáss
  • Bjarnar saga Hítdœlakappa
  • Droplaugarsona saga
  • Eiríks saga rauða – Saga of Erik the Red
  • Færeyinga saga
  • Finnboga saga ramma
  • Fljótsdæla saga
  • Flóamanna saga
  • Fóstbrœðra saga (two versions)
  • Grettis saga - Saga of Grettir the Strong
  • Grœnlendinga saga – Greenland saga
  • Gull-Þóris saga
  • Gunnars saga Keldugnúpsfífls
  • Hallfreðar saga (two versions)
  • Harðar saga ok Hólmverja
  • Hávarðar saga Ísfirðings – The saga of Hávarður of Ísafjörður
  • Heiðarvíga saga
  • Hrafnkels saga
  • Hrana saga hrings (post-medieval)
  • Kjalnesinga saga
  • Kormáks saga
  • Króka-Refs saga
  • Laurentius Saga
  • Ljósvetninga saga (three versions)
  • Njáls saga
  • Reykdœla saga ok Víga-Skútu
  • Svarfdœla saga
  • Valla-Ljóts saga
  • Víga-Glúms saga
  • Víglundar saga
  • Vápnfirðinga saga
  • Þorsteins saga hvíta
  • Þorsteins saga Síðu-Hallssonar
  • Þórðar saga hreðu
  • Ölkofra saga
Other Languages
العربية: ساجا
azərbaycanca: Saqa
বাংলা: সাগা
беларуская: Сага
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сагі
български: Сага
brezhoneg: Saga
Cymraeg: Saga
dansk: Saga
eesti: Saaga
English: Saga
Esperanto: Sagao
euskara: Saga
français: Saga
한국어: 사가 (문학)
Հայերեն: Սագա
hrvatski: Saga
Ido: Saga
Bahasa Indonesia: Saga
italiano: Saga
עברית: סאגה
Basa Jawa: Saga
қазақша: Сага
кырык мары: Сага
latviešu: Sāgas
magyar: Saga
مصرى: ساجا
Nederlands: Saga (literatuur)
日本語: サガ
norsk nynorsk: Saga
occitan: Saga
português: Saga (literatura)
română: Saga
русский: Сага
Scots: Saga
slovenčina: Sága (literatúra)
српски / srpski: Сага (књижевност)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Saga
suomi: Saaga
Türkçe: Saga
українська: Сага
Võro: Saaga