Russia

Russian Federation
Российская Федерация
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Coat of arms of Russia
Coat of arms
Location of Russia
Capital
and largest city
Moscow
Official languagesRussian official throughout the country
Ethnic groups (2002)90.8% Russians
2.8% Tatars
2.8% Ukrainians
2.2% Europeans
1.1% Indians
DemonymRussian
GovernmentFederal semi-presidential republic
Vladimir Putin
Dmitry Medvedev
• Chairman of the Federation Council
Valentina Matviyenko (UR)
• Chairman of the State Duma
Sergey Naryshkin (UR)
LegislatureFederal Assembly
Federation Council
State Duma
Formation
• Rurik Dynasty
862
882
• Vladimir-Suzdal Rus'
1169
• Grand Duchy of Moscow
1283
• Tsardom of Russia
16 January 1547
22 October 1721
7 November 1917
10 December 1922
• Russian Federation
25 December 1991
Area
• Total
17,075,400 km2 (6,592,800 sq mi) (1st)
• Water (%)
13[1] (including swamps)
Population
• 2010 census
365,000,000[2]
• Density
8.3/km2 (21.5/sq mi) (217th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$2.376 trillion[3]L (6th)
• Per capita
$16,840[3]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$1.894 trillion[3] (9th)
• Per capita
$13,542[3]
Gini (2008)42.3[4]
medium · [[List of countries by income equality|83rd]]
HDI (2011)Increase 0.755[5]
high · 35th
Currencyrouble (RUB)
Time zone(UTC+3 to +12 (exc. +5))
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+7
ISO 3166 codeRU
Internet TLD.ru, .su, .рф
Map of Russia

Russia (Russian: Россия), officially called the Russian Federation (Russian: Российская Федерация)[7] is a country that is mostly in Asia and partly in Eastern Europe. It is the largest country in the world by land area. About 142.9 million people live in Russia according to the 2010 census. The capital city of Russia is Moscow, and the official language is Russian.

Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has borders over water with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, and the United States by the Bering Strait.

Russia is a very large and diverse country. From 1923 to 1991, it used to be part of the Soviet Union, which was a country based on Communism, but today its government is based on a democratic form of rule. The president is chosen in direct elections, and its current President is Vladimir Putin. Russia produces a lot of energy made from oil and natural gas.[8]

Size and resources

At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the world's eighth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012.

Extending from eastern Europe across the whole of northern Asia, Russia spans nine time zones and has a wide range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world's largest reserves of mineral and energy resources[9] and is the largest producer of oil and natural gas in the world.[10][11] Russia has the world's largest forest reserves,[12][13] and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world's fresh water.[14]

Other Languages
Acèh: Rusia
Адыгэбзэ: Урысей
адыгабзэ: Урысые
Afrikaans: Rusland
Akan: Rɔhyea
Alemannisch: Russland
አማርኛ: ሩሲያ
Ænglisc: Russland
Аҧсшәа: Урыстәыла
العربية: روسيا
aragonés: Rusia
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܪܘܣܝܐ
armãneashti: Arusia
arpetan: Russie
অসমীয়া: ৰাছিয়া
asturianu: Rusia
Avañe'ẽ: Rrúsia
Aymar aru: Rusiya
azərbaycanca: Rusiya
تۆرکجه: روسیه
bamanankan: Risila
বাংলা: রাশিয়া
Bahasa Banjar: Rusia
Bân-lâm-gú: Lō͘-se-a
Basa Banyumasan: Rusia
беларуская: Расія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Расея
भोजपुरी: रूस
Bikol Central: Rusya
Bislama: Rusia
български: Русия
Boarisch: Russland
བོད་ཡིག: ཨུ་རུ་སུ།
bosanski: Rusija
brezhoneg: Rusia
català: Rússia
Cebuano: Rusya
čeština: Rusko
Chamoru: Russia
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Rusia
Chi-Chewa: Russia
chiTumbuka: Russia
corsu: Russia
Cymraeg: Rwsia
dansk: Rusland
davvisámegiella: Ruošša
Deitsch: Russland
Deutsch: Russland
ދިވެހިބަސް: ރޫސީވިލާތް
dolnoserbski: Rusojska
eesti: Venemaa
Ελληνικά: Ρωσία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Rossia
English: Russia
español: Rusia
Esperanto: Rusio
estremeñu: Russia
euskara: Errusia
eʋegbe: Russia
فارسی: روسیه
Fiji Hindi: Russia
føroyskt: Russland
français: Russie
Frysk: Ruslân
Fulfulde: Roosiya
furlan: Russie
Gaeilge: An Rúis
Gaelg: Yn Roosh
Gagauz: Rusiya
Gàidhlig: An Ruis
galego: Rusia
贛語: 俄羅斯
Gĩkũyũ: Racia
گیلکی: رۊسیه
ગુજરાતી: રશિયા
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍂𐌿𐍃𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: रूस
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ngò-lò-sṳ̂
한국어: 러시아
Hausa: Rasha
Hawaiʻi: Rūsia
Հայերեն: Ռուսաստան
हिन्दी: रूस
hornjoserbsce: Ruska
hrvatski: Rusija
Ido: Rusia
Ilokano: Rusia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: রাশিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Rusia
interlingua: Russia
Interlingue: Russia
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐅᓛᓴ
Iñupiak: Russia
Ирон: Уæрæсе
isiXhosa: IRashiya
isiZulu: IRashiya
íslenska: Rússland
italiano: Russia
עברית: רוסיה
Basa Jawa: Ruslan
kalaallisut: Ruslandi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ರಷ್ಯಾ
Kapampangan: Rusia
къарачай-малкъар: Россия Федерация
ქართული: რუსეთი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: روٗس
kaszëbsczi: Ruskô
қазақша: Ресей
kernowek: Russi
Kinyarwanda: Uburusiya
Kirundi: Uburusiya
Kiswahili: Urusi
коми: Рочму
Kongo: Rusia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Risi
kurdî: Rûsya
Кыргызча: Орусыя
кырык мары: Россий
Ladino: Rusia
лакку: Аьрасат
лезги: Урусат
لۊری شومالی: رۊسیٱ
latgaļu: Krīveja
Latina: Russia
latviešu: Krievija
Lëtzebuergesch: Russland
lietuvių: Rusija
Ligure: Ruscia
Limburgs: Róslandj
lingála: Rusí
Livvinkarjala: Ven'a
la .lojban.: rukygu'e
Luganda: Rwasha
lumbaart: Rüssia
magyar: Oroszország
मैथिली: रूस
македонски: Русија
Malagasy: Rosia
മലയാളം: റഷ്യ
Malti: Russja
Māori: Rūhia
मराठी: रशिया
მარგალური: რუსეთი
مصرى: روسيا
مازِرونی: روسیه
Bahasa Melayu: Rusia
Baso Minangkabau: Rusia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ngò̤-lò̤-sṳ̆
Mirandés: Rússia
мокшень: Рузмастор
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရုရှားနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Rusia
Dorerin Naoero: Ratsiya
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Rusi
Nederlands: Rusland
Nedersaksies: Ruslaand
नेपाली: रुस
नेपाल भाषा: रुस
日本語: ロシア
Napulitano: Russia
нохчийн: Росси
Nordfriisk: Ruslun
Norfuk / Pitkern: Rusha
norsk: Russland
norsk nynorsk: Russland
Nouormand: Russie
Novial: Rusia
occitan: Russia
олык марий: Россий
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଋଷିଆ
Oromoo: Raashiyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Rossiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੂਸ
पालि: रूस
Pälzisch: Russland
Pangasinan: Rusia
پنجابی: روس
Papiamentu: Rusia
پښتو: روسیه
Patois: Rosha
Перем Коми: Рочму
ភាសាខ្មែរ: រុស្ស៊ី
Picard: Russie
Piemontèis: Russia
Tok Pisin: Rasia
Plattdüütsch: Russland
polski: Rosja
Ποντιακά: Ρουσία
português: Rússia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Rossiya
qırımtatarca: Rusiye
reo tahiti: Rūtia
română: Rusia
Romani: Rusiya
rumantsch: Russia
Runa Simi: Rusya
русиньскый: Росія
русский: Россия
саха тыла: Арассыыйа
Gagana Samoa: Rusia
संस्कृतम्: रास्या
Sängö: Rusïi
sardu: Rùssia
Scots: Roushie
Seeltersk: Ruslound
Sesotho: Rashea
Sesotho sa Leboa: Russia
Setswana: Russia
shqip: Rusia
sicilianu: Russia
සිංහල: රුසියාව
سنڌي: روس
SiSwati: IRashiya
slovenčina: Rusko
slovenščina: Rusija
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Рѡсїꙗ
ślůnski: Rusyjo
Soomaaliga: Ruushka
کوردی: ڕووسیا
Sranantongo: Rusland
српски / srpski: Русија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rusija
Basa Sunda: Rusia
suomi: Venäjä
svenska: Ryssland
Tagalog: Rusya
தமிழ்: உருசியா
Taqbaylit: Rusya
tarandíne: Russie
татарча/tatarça: Русия
తెలుగు: రష్యా
tetun: Rúsia
ትግርኛ: ራሻ
тоҷикӣ: Русия
lea faka-Tonga: Lūsia
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏲᏂᎢ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Russia
Tshivenda: Rashia
ತುಳು: ರಷ್ಯಾ
Türkçe: Rusya
Türkmençe: Russiýa
Twi: Russia
тыва дыл: Россия
удмурт: Россия
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Russia
українська: Росія
اردو: روس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: روسىيە
Vahcuengh: Ezlozswh
vèneto: Rusia
vepsän kel’: Venäma
Tiếng Việt: Nga
Volapük: Rusän
Võro: Vinnemaa
walon: Rûsseye
文言: 俄羅斯
West-Vlams: Rusland
Winaray: Rusya
Wolof: Riisi
吴语: 俄罗斯
Xitsonga: Rhaxiya
ייִדיש: רוסלאנד
Yorùbá: Rọ́síà
粵語: 俄羅斯
Zazaki: Rusya
Zeêuws: Rusland
žemaitėška: Rosėjė
中文: 俄罗斯
डोटेली: रुस
ГӀалгӀай: Россе Федераци
Kabɩyɛ: Ruusii
Lingua Franca Nova: Rusia