Sailboat rigging. 1.Headstay, 2.Backstay, 3.Shroud or side stay, 4.Spreaders, 5.Backstay, 7.Boom
The rigging of a sailing ship is made up of the ropes and/or chains used to support the ship's masts, yards and sails. The standing rigging is used to support the masts. The running rigging supports the yards and sails. Some types of sailboats that have unsupported masts do not have any rigging. These include the junk rig and catboat rigs. Bermuda sloops with a single mast and one headsail use fairly simple rigging. Cutter-rigged ketches and schooners have the most complex rigging.
A sailing ship's standing rigging is made up of the ropes used to support the masts, yards and
booms. Most modern sailing vessels use wire rope for the the standing rigging. Modern standing rigging is regularly checked for tension using a special gauge. Adjusting the tension is done by use of a
turnbuckle. Ropes, wires or rods that run fore-and-aft along the centerline which stabilize the masts or
spars are called stays. Those that from the mast to the bow are called forestays. Those that run from the mast to the stern are called backstays.